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Shirin Davaei, Mohhamad Reza Emamjomeh, Gholamali Ahmadi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (1-2014)

The aim of this study was to explore skills that a teacher needs in order to apply ICT in education. This study is a descriptive - survey research. The data were collected through Delphi method. Ten experts in the field of new technologies, IT teachers in the ICDL Iran institute, informants in the Smart School project, 25 teachers working in smart schools with at least 5 years of experience in developing and implementing content were invited for participation in the research. At the first stage, experts prioritized items, giving each item a weight taking into considerations factors such as importance, necessity and priority of the item for the teacher inside the classroom. They also carried out two tests, i.e. Friedman test and Spearman's coefficient of agreement. Thus, the level of agreement between ten expert participants and validity of the priorities as set by the entire group of participants was determined. At the second phase, after applying the priorities, in order to achieve maximum consensus, items were again handed to the participants, resulting in a 95/48 percent agreement. The findings showed an increase in means and standard deviation in the second phase, indicating convergence among the participants. Results showed that all the correlation coefficients are significant at 1% alpha, which shows the validity of each component and high agreement. With the contribution of experts, ICT application skills were divided into general and specialized skills, while competency was divided into three components: cognitive, functional and emotional.
Mrs. Mina Khodapanah, Dr. Mehdi Davaei, Dr Nematollah Mosapour, Dr. Gholam Ali Ahmadi,
Volume 9, Issue 17 (3-2021)

The present study was conducted with the aim of explaining the background and strategies for implementing a financial literacy curriculum for the elementary school. Using the Foundationchr('39')s Grounded Theory method, 12 experts in the field of curriculum planning and primary education, economics and finance were interviewed. Findings showed that social, economic, educational and cultural needs, policies and goals are the basis for developing and implementing a financial literacy curriculum in elementary school. The most important strategies for implementing financial literacy curriculum include educational and structural measures such as curriculum enrichment, providing access to educational resources, teacher participation in curriculum production, creating a platform for cooperation between financial organizations and the education organization, exchange of educational ideas between classes and schools, cooperation of organizations in the development of educational innovations in the field of literacy, continuous interaction with educational centers in the field of finance and development of financial education equipment.
Mozhghan Maheronaghsh, Alireza Assareh, Gholamali Ahmadi, Mahdi Davaei,
Volume 9, Issue 18 (10-2021)

in this study,an attempt has been made to analyze the relationship between the variables affecting the curriculum with emphasis on entrepreneurship in Tehran universities. At first, by studying the background of related researches, the variables were identified and screened with the opinions of experts by fuzzy Delphi method.The statistical population consists of 30 faculty members and experts in the qualitative section and 385 people in the quantitative section with the Cochran's formula.Fuzzy network analysis is used to determine the weight and interpretive structural equations are used to level and analyze the relationships between variables.Based on the findings of fuzzy network analysis,the following variables of interaction with institutions supporting the implementation of joint international activities, entrepreneurial attitude, lending through banks, the use of information and communication technology in teaching and coordination of optional courses with individual needs in terms of Teachers have the most weight and importance 
Farzaneh Pakdaman, Mahdi Davaei, Ali Akbar Khosravi Babadi, Hamidreza Rezazadeh,
Volume 10, Issue 20 (12-2022)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of ethnicity and lived ethnic experiences of junior school students in the formal-hidden curriculum of Iran's academic year in 2019-2020.The research method in the first part of documentary analysis and qualitative content analysis with 3 volumes of social studies book including 553 pages.Content Analysis Unit;Text-Images and activities.The second part of the qualitative and phenomenological research method was purposeful sampling of participants including 30 students (persian-Azeri-Kurd-Lor-gilak) and 20 teachers.Student journal and informal interview were also used. Findings show that only 6% of the three sections of the examined content pay attention to the desirable components of ethnicity, which is very undesirable in the formal curriculum.In the analysis of information,cultural assimilation, superficial thoughts about ethnic culture, educational inequality, cultural diversity alienism,neglect of peaceful coexistence appeared, overall, it can be acknowledged that the position of ethnicity in the hidden curriculum was not desirable

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