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Majid Aliasgari, Hossein Charbashlu, Atefeh Ataran,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (1-2014)

The present study is about one of the most important contemporary issues in education and curriculum development, namely “human rights education”. By using content analysis, 36 textbooks of 2012-2013 school year with an overall of 3924 pages were studied and analyzed. For the analysis of the data, Shannon's entropy method derived from the theory of systems was used to obtain the credibility ratings of each human rights component and comparison of their coefficients. Based on our research findings, there hasn’t been enough attention to human rights components, and among the pages of the textbooks, most credibility ratings was related to constitutional laws and less to the rights of social, economical and cultural components. Also based on the credibility ratings obtained from the frequency corresponding to the sub-components, the highest credibility ratings is related to sub-components of environmental rights, while the lowest credibility ratings relates sub-components of right to fair trial and property rights.
Reza Rahimi, Alireza Assare, Bahramsaleh Sedghpour,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (3-2015)

The aim of this research is to study the components of creativity in elementary school curricula. The research method used in this research is content analysis. The information source of this research is the 6th Grade Mathematics textbook in the academic year 1391-92. To achieve face validity, the viewpoints of the educationalists and experts were used in this research, and to achieve reliability, according to Pearson’s formula of correlation, the agreement coefficient of 0/89 was derived from the codification board. The tool of this research is the content analysis form with regard to Plsek’s teaching creativity model. A coded form was used to analyze the content of 6th Grade Mathematics textbook this task was accomplished in four stages: at the first stage, active and inactive units of the textbook were specified. At the second stage, the inactive units were deleted. At the third stage, the active Units were coded based on the parameters of Plsek’s guided cycle of creativity, and at the fourth stage, data resulted from the research were analyzed by using Shannon Entropy analysis method and the descriptive statistics methods. The findings indicate that the degree of attention and involvement parameters of Plsek’s creativity model and the coefficient degree of importance for each parameters are very low, and so the contents of 6th grade mathematics textbook are nor adapted to the Plsek’s creativity principles and it hardly can be effective in generating and fostering creativity in learners.
Dr. Nader Salsabili,
Volume 8, Issue 15 (3-2020)

The main question of this study is that: “what are the reference characteristics of language arts curriculum in the first-cycle of Primary School on the base of theoretical framework and the related practices of some education systems in the field of language arts curriculum and instruction”. The subsidiary question is that: “from the viewpoint of Farsi language arts practitioners and language arts curriculum experts in primary school, which of these characteristics are valid and trustworthy for applying in developing the Farsi language arts curriculum in the first-cycle of Primary School. In the first step through a descriptive inquiry and research synthesis to study the theoretical framework and related experiences and practices in a few education systems, including: Japan, some states in United States of America and Finland, the reference characteristics of language arts curriculum in the first-cycle of Primary School and its consisted components are elicited.
Afsane Najafi, Maryam Mohsenpour, Soheila Gholamazad,
Volume 11, Issue 22 (9-2023)

The purpose of this research was to describe the perception of primary school teachers on how to help students in instructing of the volume, using the task-based interview method. For this purpose, some tasks was designed and implemented with two general question for six volunteer primary school teachers who had experience in teaching fifth and sixth grades. The answers were analyzed according to the instruction component of the cognitive activation model in the classroom (Kraus et al., 2008). The results showed the lecture method, the less use of concrete representations, different perceptions of the volume definition, spatial limitations and relying on arithmetic representation in solving the task. In total, the results of this research clarify the need of teachers to improve their knowledge in the field of instructing of the volume, and for this purpose, suggestions have been presented.

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