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Showing 139 results for Type of Study: Research Paper

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Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

The main purpose of this research was investigating the effectiveness of Management Education Model (MEM) in improving a high school freshmen learning in the algebraic quadric equations in the District 5 in the academic year 90-91in Tehran. The independent variable was a scenario made in 10 chunks introducing into the class scene sequentially. A simple random selection of students in 5 classes was done and 2 classes were selected as experiment and the other 3 classes as control. The teacher made test was conducted and the data were analyzed using t-test. The result indicates the significant meaningful effects of the MEM on students’ learning in the algebraic subject and the conclusion was supportive for the secure use of the MEM in other academic subjects.

Mohammad Ghahremani,
Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

Strategic management has known as an essential and critical factor to efficiency and effectiveness of organizations at any rganizational domains and activities. Application of Strategic management in higher education has increasingly developed in last decades. The aim of this research is developing a Strategic Management Model (SMM) for Iranian Higher Education system. The research sample consisted of 220 faculty members, higher education managers, informant persons and university stakeholders. Data were collected using questionnaire and were analysis by factor analysis and analysis of variances (ANOVA).The finding showed that the Higher Education Strategic Management Model has 5 main components, 6 sub components and 73 variables. There were some significant differences between samples by position, academic domains, academic grades and management experience.

Tayebeh Mahrouzadeh, Soolmaz Nourabadi,
Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

One of the main issues to be considered in the educational system is education. Education is the result of four elements which are interacting with each other. These four elements are: teaching, learning, structure and curriculum. Curriculum is a plan for action which forms the structure. Another issue is the status of knowledge and the way we can transform it into educational materials. In postmodern education, knowledge itself is not the target, and the “knowledge constructive discourse” is rather a target. For this reason the main concentration in the classrooms are on knowledge construction, understanding, cooperation and collaboration. The educational systems of the countries have to reconsider the targets, contents, materials, methods and also the educational opportunities and activities in order to educate independent and flexible students who have creative thinking. Curriculum planning and presenting various issues have been done for a long time. In early twentieth century, the scholars in education and training stepped into the realm of integrated curriculum. But the dominated trend in this century has been based on single discipline approach, plurality of subjects, and Discipline-based curriculum. Integration means making compatibility and coming together which is in contradiction with specializing and separating courses. Integration is based on holistic view which tries to make relations between education and daily life. The present study aims to explain integrated curriculum, declare the types of it, and the way to integrate science and technologies in the primary school courses. This research enjoys analytical- inductive methodologies. In this way, first we declare the curriculum and explain integration, and then we refer to the samples of integration in area of content, like integration of fundamental issues and knowledge, and integration of information technology and communication with all areas of knowledge. Based on the studies and analysis, we can conclude that: integration of science and technology with curriculum in general and specifically in primary education, the learning rate and the possession of students on organized content will increase and students can work out what they have learnt in real life.

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Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

Joy and happiness has always been as one of the most important needs of students and teachers at schools. Studies have shown that physical factors, management, and relationships at school are involved in creating happiness in teachers and students. In the present study, our main focus is on the physical aspect of schools, which should be in accordance with the
standards of education, according to the rules of our educational system. In this study we intend to evaluate the teachers' points of view about the impact of design standards of physical spaces, color, facilities and schools' sanitary system in creating healthy environments in schools. To achieve this objective, the study was a descriptive-survey and a self-made questionnaire was used to collect data. Its validity was given by five professors' determined, and its reliability was calculated with Cronbach's
alpha with value of 0/84. The population includes the elementary teachers of the fourth district in Karaj from which a sample of one hundred people are selected in a cluster sample; afterwards, for the statistical analysis, the average method and one- sample t method were carried out. The results expressed that according to the teachers, the standards related to color and
educational facilities of schools have had a desirable effect on teachers' and students' happiness, and conversely, the design standards of physical spaces and schools' sanitary system lead to the reduction of their happiness at schools.

Hossein Ostadhasanloo, Hossein Abdolrahimi, Hakimeh Jalilzadeh,
Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

With rapid changes in techniques and skills in information technology and the emergence of new phenomena and their impact on the methods and techniques to living, learning one of the fundamental pillars of society has been transformed While the e-learning as a new paradigm, has been able to responsible for huge volume of education and learning is present. This paper survey the concept of learning, e-learning, benefits and characteristics, importance and necessity of e-learning in organizations and will be study the impact of IT on improving quality of learning and development and Learning environment.

Leila Mirasadollah Lajrod, Zahra Alipour Darvish,
Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

One of the most important resources for any organization, competitiveness and innovation, knowledge management and knowledge sharing in the organization and the process is correct. Despite the importance knowledge sharing, manpower agencies may refrain from doing it. That's why one of the key challenges in knowledge management is how organizations can encourage employees to share their knowledge and to motivate them. This paper seeks to examine the institutional factors
(organizational culture, Structure , organizational support, perceived, the competences technology, methods for motivating, Control Head) knowledge sharing within group and administration building of the Central Bank export of Tehran as a case study , this study selected after reviewing the literature , the definitions and concepts , research has indicated . library and field research methodology and questionnaire and the factors influencing knowledge sharing , to 290 employees and experts of the
distribution of the results stratified random sampling is obtained . In this study, we analyze with, SEM & CFA of software SPSS and Lisrell. Research findings show that organizational structures have the greatest impact on knowledge sharing, have espectively: controlled, then the head, using motivational, technological capabilities, understanding and supportive corporate culture, followed last level. Within the guidelines for the shortcomings in the organization to improve BSI will be presented

Maryam Najar Nahavandi, Mojdeh Ghorbanalizadeh,
Volume 1, Issue 29 (10-2014)

Today, national identity is one of the most important issues in developing countries is planned. Much of the training of national identity in the context of formal education takes place .Beginning with the period of fundamental transformation textbooks is also consistent with the new approach. The present article deals with the analysis of national education and from this point of clarification social studies book grade, third grade social studies book compared to the period before the change. Population
is included in the book. The content analysis of qualitative and quantitative research methods and the unit of analysis is the theme. Dimensions of national identity in this research include: symbols, values heritage, celebrities, and characters and events. The results show that both components of national identity have been uneven book, and this is more evident in the social studies book. Social teachings of the book to the celebrities and personalities (37/44%) and social studies books to the value of (50/85%) are paid. Neglect of Fame and national events, elimination of political values, greater attention to the social, moral, religious and social features of the book is the period of fundamental change.

Yahya Ghaedi,
Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

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Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

The concept of identity is one of the most crucial issues of human society.
One of the areas in which the concept of identity has been strongly
discussed, is education. In each period, affected by the terms and textural
characteristics of societies and eras, identity has found special concept.The
authors attempt to redefine education and its components, based on the
phenomenological concept of identity. The main question is that, how
education and its components must be redefined according to the
phenomenological concept of identity? This study used a qualitative
research, with the analytical and deductive method. The results showed
that ideas of education, teacher training, teacher, student, and othere
educational subjects are not defined from a particular dimension, but, are
simultaneously defined in several different directions. Teaching activities
and the concept of learning are multidimentional themes. Learning is a
multidimentional phenomena, which is born with the rise of identity in the
person. Hence, it is synonymous with identity or individual recognition. In
this sense, learning areas are the areas of identity.

, ,
Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

The purpose of this study was investigating high school students’ learning
styles in order to develop an instrument for academic guidance. The
population of this study consisted of male students in three fields of
science, mathematics, and humanities in high schools of Hamedan. The
sample, consisted of 170 male students in grades 2 and 3 of high school in
the fields of science, mathematics, and humanities. Students were selected
through multistage cluster sampling method. Kolb’s Learning Styles
Inventory was employed to measure the students’ learning styles. The
results of the study showed that most of the students in mathematics and
science had a converging and assimilating learning style, and most of the
humanities students had a diverging and accommodating learning style.
Thus, by awareness of students’ learning styles, we can guide them to the
fields that best fit their learning styles in high school or college.

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Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

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Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

The aim of this research was evaluating the competencies of trainers and
labor-coaches of “Education with Production” outside of the “Work and
Knowledge Centre” in Kermanshah province. The research method used was
survey. The statistical population consisted of 20 managers and experts from
education office and technical schools, and 135 students whom they used the
"Education with Production" service in Kermanshah province. Based on
Krejcie and Morgan table, 19 people from the first group, and 102 people from
the second group were selected randomly as the statistical sample. Based on
internationally related available researches, scientific documents, qualitative
analysis, and also, by referring to the experts, trainers’ and labor-coaches’
competencies were classified with three ranges: personal competencies,
professional-technical competencies (with the components of knowledge,
insight, and skill), and ethical-belief competencies (with the components of
work commitment, development of ability, social moderation, social
relationships, bureaucratic discipline, and inner faith). Then, based on these
ranges, the questionnaires were prepared. Based on descriptive and inferential
analysis, total average of all of the competencies was high and significant. It
was in the rate of moderate or lower in the following items: applying the
suitable methods of teaching, proving the plan of proper task and updated
information from the journals, utilizing computer and software related to the
skills training, collaboration with school counselors, trying to upgrade and
update their knowledge and skills, and others, exchange of professional
knowledge and information, paying attention to the needs of students and their
individual differences, reporting students’ disciplinary issues, reading and
observing the principles and related standards.

Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

Dynamic and complex circumstances of any organization, especially
educational organizations critically require creative and innovative
knowledge workers. Various skills such as personal knowledge
management (PKM) are necessary to succeed in job and professional
career. PKM is one of the best sources of personal, collective, and
organizational innovations and proper direction of organizational
knowledge system. Most of studies are about organizational knowledge
management and disregard PKM as basic element of organizational
systems. Therefore, this paper tries to introduce PKM concept, approach,
models and skills. After that, it will discuss the role of PKM to achieve
personal and organizational excellence. Personal knowledge management
is a conceptual framework to organize and synthesize personal
information. It helps people to absorb essential knowledge and make aware
of lifelong learning. PKM make a study foundation for personal
knowledge ability progress, and, it finally increases professional skills and
competitive advantage. A survey research method was applied to conduct
the study. A simple random sample of 97 managers in Shiraz University
participated in the study by responding to PKM questionnaire. The validity
of the questionnaire was tested and verified. Results showed that Shiraz
University managers had average level of personal knowledge

, ,
Volume 2, Issue 30 (3-2015)

The interest on studying Single-Sex and Coeducational Elementary
Schooling has grown significantly among researchers. Despite this, there
has been no research on this topic in Iran till now. The effects of school
type on academic achievement and social desirability which are among
important variables are examined in this research. The research design is
causal-comparative. The population is taken from students in fifth and
sixth grade from the public elementary schools in the academic year
1391/92 in Shahreiar, Tehran, Iran. The total number of the participants is
279 (half on co-ed and others on single-sex), which were selected by
random cluster sampling method. Results showed that the students from
single-sex schools had higher GPA, compared to the students of co-ed
schools. Also, it was statistically significant that the girls had better social
desirability compared to boys.

Dr. Ismail Saadipour, Mr. Akbar Kabiri,
Volume 2, Issue 31 (2-2016)

The present research aims to compare Achievement Motivation of students with Drug -dependent parents. The method of present study is Causal-comparative. The sample consisted of 140 secondary school students of Tehran in 93-92 that divided by two groups of 70 parents with normal parents and 70 Drug -dependent parents who were selected through available sampling. Research tool was Hermen’s Achievement Motivation Test (1970). Descriptive statistical parameters and t-test findings show significant difference between addicted and non-addicted parents of students in achievement motivation. The results showed correlation between depression, anxiety and stress with aggression in addicted parents. Using the findings of this research, this study suggests stems that Students and psychological counseling centers stems Psychological Clinic motivated parents to track their progress tracking problems caused by addiction and to take the necessary preventive. 

Ms Samaneh Hoseini, Dr. Jalil Fath Abadi, , ,
Volume 2, Issue 31 (2-2016)

The purpose of t the study is to test the model for the explanation of academic achievement based on students' goal orientation and subjective well-being and parents' subjective well-being and goal orientation for the third year high school students. 441 females’ students and their parents were selected by cluster sampling in this correlation study. Students filled the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, subscale of perceptions of parent's goal orientation and their parents filled the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Life satisfaction scale. Obtained Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling through Amos software. The results of structural equation modeling show that hypothesized models have an acceptable fit to the data. Results indicate that student's goal orientation and subjective well-being mediate the relationship between academic achievement and parent's goal orientation and subjective well-being. The results indicate a part of difference in academic achievement accounted by the student's subjective well-being and goal orientation and their parent's subjective well-being and goal orientation.

Mr Habib Ahmadi,
Volume 2, Issue 31 (2-2016)

The present study covered the conformity barriers of virtual technologies in higher education. It was a qualitative research and population composed of the masters in Kordistan university. The instrument was a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed based on ground theory through NVIVO software. The most significant conditional causes for interaction were masters' imposed and authoritarian  teaching method,  taking teaching easy in higher education, believing to presence and of cognition learning entity, masters' dualist attitude towards educational evaluation, and  physical environments. In general, the masters own a traditional attitude based on behaviorism learning theory in different aspects of teaching, evaluation, educational resources, and interaction. They did not consider virtual education as a complete and standard teaching method but a complementary instrument to recover present education.  

Ms Mina Ahmadian, Dr. Mehdi Sobhaninezhad,
Volume 2, Issue 31 (2-2016)

The most fundamental move to enhance the quality of critical thinking in students is the improvement of motivation to think, as the key to success in life and study. This is because acquiring the skills involved in critical thinking, in the process of official curriculum, cannot guarantee the development of these skills, and consequently, their application in different situations. Therefore, one of the most useful steps with this regard is the enhancement of the attitudinal aspects of critical thinking, paying attention to the function of hidden curriculum in higher education-something which could be in the opposite direction to official curriculum. Thus, the present study, by benefiting from the method of documentary analysis, while clarifying the position of hidden curriculum in higher education and studying its relation to critical thinking, offers the analysis of the apparatus of effects and the use of hidden curriculum in the development of critical thinking. With this regard, it is discussed that the function of hidden curriculum in higher education is due to the fluctuation in the official curriculum-which by itself is due to: lack of a complete legislation of this program in higher education, relation between hidden curriculum and the dimension of critical thinking and attention paid to hidden curriculum in liberal education with an inclination towards critical thinking. In addition, the hidden curriculum, developed out of a dialectical methodology is studied to investigate the development of critical thinking of the learners.

Mazhar Babaee,
Volume 2, Issue 31 (2-2016)

This study is to examine the educational status of the art of film as to describe the ways of achieving the concept of consciousness as the requirement for education. Findings show that through exploring a film, as to come up with consciousness, it is possible to have inductions and deductions from a film and its audience. With this presumption that a film is similar to a content of the textbook, it can be deduced that analyzing and criticizing a film is a way of new understanding. A type of consciousness that is a facilitator for the education process. If the consciousness is accomplished, it would be treated as the attitude, insight, and perspectives, and would be affected the learner's mind and practice. In conclusion, it is possible to offer the method to change, improve and deepen the concept of education.

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