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Dr Mehdi Mohammadi, Dr Fahimeh Keshavarzi, Dr Reza Naseri Jahromi, Mrs Rahil Naseri Jahromi, Mrs Zahra Hesampoor, Mrs Fatemeh Mirghafari, Mrs Shima Ebrahimi,
Volume 7, Issue 40 (3-2020)

Following the outbreak of the coronavirus, the closure of schools and the need to continued education in the school coerces, teachers were forced to provide training on social networks. The main purpose of the present study was to understand the lived experience of parents of first course of elementary school students in the challenges of virtual education in social networks due to the Outbreak of coronavirus, which was implemented using phenomenological methods. The data collection method was to use a semi-structured interview questionnaire. Accordingly, with a targeted sampling approach and standard method, parents whose children have used virtual education on social media for at least a month were selected, and 16 people were finally interviewed based on theoretical saturation.

Interview analysis was performed using a cleavage model and thematic analysis method. After extracting and categorizing the topic, the advantages and disadvantages of virtual education in social networks in five educational categories (advantages: preventing academic backwardness and creating opportunities for creativity; Disadvantages: unwillingness to complete class assignments and reduction of adherence to class discipline regulations), Social (advantages: student freedom of action and greater parental supervision; Disadvantages: Elimination of group activity and laziness and distraction of students), cultural (advantages: entering virtual education into the education system and creating new experiences; Disadvantages: eliminating the charisma of teacher presence and fatigue and boredom of some parents), Economic (advantages : reducing travel costs and saving travel time; disadvantages: time for additional training and the cost of providing the necessary hardware) and technical (improving media literacy of parents as good; disadvantages: lack of visual appeal of videos and Lack of mastery of information technology ) were classified. In addition to the disadvantages mentioned by parents, it is necessary to design a coherent and effective infrastructure for providing virtual education
Dr Amene Aali, Mrs Khadije Hoseyni Motlaq, Dr Soghra Ebrahimi Qavam,
Volume 10, Issue 44 (4-2022)

The present study was conducted to determine the effective disciplinary methods of educators on reducing child abuse in one of the boarding centers covered by welfare. The research method is qualitative case study and sampling method is available. To conduct this study, a sample of educators working in one of the girls' private boarding centers under the auspices of the Welfare of Tehran agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected through observation, interview, questionnaire and daily report book. Educators were divided into two groups based on the extent of child abuse during their hours of attendance: effective educators (with relatively low levels of child abuse) and less effective educators (with relatively high levels of child abuse). The disciplinary methods they use to manage children's behavior were compared. Three-step coding technique (open, axial and selective) was used to analyze the data. According to the results, the dominant approach in the disciplinary activities of effective educators was the comprehensive versus traditional approach. In other words, effective educators used comprehensive, supportive and participatory activities in the components of relationships, respect, interaction, engagement, and environment to establish discipline, and less effective educators used traditional activities based on reward, punishment, and control.

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