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Masoud Siyami, Shahla Rostami, ,
Volume 4, Issue 35 (9-2017)

This study was carried out to provide a structural model for illustrating the structural relationships between the amount of mobile phone usage and academic engagement with mediating role of attention in students at the University of Birjand. The statistical population of this study included all students studying at Birjand University in the academic year 2015-2016. Sample included 200 students from Birjand University who were selected using cluster sampling. The instruments used in this study were Jafarzadeh mobile phone addiction questionnaire (2012), Schofield et al engagement questionnaire (1996) and Wechsler inverse number test. Data was tested by path analysis. The findings showed that the amount of mobile phone usage, influences students' attention. In other words, the amount of students' academic attention and engagement decreases with increasing use of mobile phones. These findings show the need for serious attention from the authorities on the negative consequences of students’ mobile phone usage. It showed that the use of mobile phones to be a good predictor of student academic engagement.

Samira Rostami, Mahboobeh Foladchang,
Volume 5, Issue 36 (9-2018)

This study aimed to examine structural relationship between the structure of parental meta-emotion (guiding and awareness) and academic adjustment through the mediation of differentiation. For this study, 241 undergraduate students of Shiraz University are selected by single stage cluster sampling. Valid three scales: scale view of parenting meta-Sweeney Bourne (SMEPS), short form their differentiation (DSI-SE), and academic adjustment scale "California Personality Inventory" are employed.  Path analysis via regression is used for data analysis. Amos software is utilized to assess the significance of mediating and model fit. Results showed that model is a good fit to the data, and as well guiding the awareness through the mediation of differentiation, predicted academic adjustment to be indirect and more powerful than the direct route.

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