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Elham Samadi, Hasanali Bakhtiarnasrabadi, Zohreh Saadatmand,
Volume 12, Issue 46 (9-2023)

The purpose of this research is to explain the philosophical foundations of Kant’s rational education and its requirements in terms of goals, principles and methods of education and rational education. Kant has outstanding philosophical reflections in the field of wisdom, especially practical wisdom, which leads to the general rules of the universe, and he is one of the philosophers whose views on enlightenment are similar to the Copernican revolution. He has arational approach to education. This research has been done with the analytical method of conceptual in terpretation and direct reference to first hand and translated sources, related texts, articles and Journals. Therefore first,the conceptual analysis of the texts of kant’s thoughts with the context of existence, knowledge, human, value was done, and then by using the concepts and categories related to them, finally,a list of goals, principles and methods was deduced based on rational foundations witch are based on the ontology of experimental,sensory and intellectual educational methods and based on the knowledge of the methods and based on the knowledge of the methods to answer the questions of what can I know? What should I know? What hope can I have? what is man? The process of analysis takes place and in the answer to the fourth question, human nature is linked to its social aspects such as education, especially one of the foundations of values of moral duty which is the source of reason,and on the one hand, due to his pragmatic point of view,the components are tried fundamentals of kant’s educational methods such as previous knowledge, presuppositions,analogy, deletion, addition, interpretation in the shade of anthropology should be examined, and finally, the model of proposed models for the perception of cognitive and educational construction has been discussed.

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