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Dr Farhad Balash, Dr Ayat Saadattalab,
Volume 4, Issue 35 (9-2017)

The present study is an attempt to examine the role of information literacy as a prerequisite for the effective application of ICT. Qualitative content analysis was used as the methodology to answer the main question of the study. The findings and results show that there is a need to have fundamental changes in missions and functions of Universities and institutes of higher education. Since one of the basic missions of Universities is to produce knowledge and lay the groundwork for knowledge environments, awareness of and access to the latest scientific findings in areas of science and technology is necessary. ICT has paved the way of this process. But what is essential is to enable the users of higher education easier access to ICT based environment. This way the audience of higher education can use the information in such environments in an effective, efficient, and creative way. This will be impossible unless we consider the role and status of information literacy as a necessity and basic issue for the application of ICT in higher education.

Ayat Saadattalab,
Volume 6, Issue 39 (12-2019)

The aim of this study was to examine the role of university administrators in the development of faculty members in state run universities of Tehran. Research design was a descriptive and survey study. The statistical population were all of faculty members )3389 people (of Tehran Universities (Tehran, Shahid Beheshti, Tarbiat Modares and Al-Zahra), from them, 229 subjects were selected based on stratified random sampling method as a sample size of the study. Researcher made questionnaire were used to gather the data. Data were analyzed by Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency and percent) and inferential statistics (One-way ANOVA and LSD test (. Results showed that from faculty point of view, the role of university administrators in development of faculties is neutral. Also, the support of university administrators for the development of faculty members is on the level of normal, but there is no supportive and participatory. There was a significant difference between the types of academic administrators' roles (supportive, non-supportive, and neutral) among aforementioned universities. According to the findings of the research, it can be concluded that the neutralization of university administrators to develop faculty members and their lack of operational support at the level of participation and support for the development of faculty members will challenge the quality of education at the university.

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