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Volume 5, Issue 36 (9-2018)

The aim The aim of this study is to investigate the level of reliabilityof teaching philosophy (p4c) inActivitieseducation,and the felt the need to reduce verbal expressed anger and felt the need to reduce physical expressed anger  in public in Tehran High school of the14thdistrict of Tehran.This study is an applied research project that was conducted with quasi-experimental method and preliminary and final test with a control group without randomly selection.The study sample contains all high school male students of the 14th district ofTehran enrolled in the academic year of 2014-2015.The sample size of the study was60students that were non-randomly placed in two groups of 30experimental and 30control subjects.After running the PhilosophyforChildren program,in order toassess students’ strategies to control their anger, the researcher used the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory- 2 Spielberger(STAXI-2).In order to test the hypothesis,  ANCOVA, the analysis of covariance And using performed SPSS the validity and reliabilityof the programof Philosophy for Children two hypotheses were confirmed.

Phd Amir Moradi, Phd Susan Keshavarz, Phd Mohsen Kordlo,
Volume 7, Issue 40 (3-2020)

      Today, with the expansion of the Internet and social media, new educational environments have emerged and expanded the names of social networks which has attracted children and adolescents due to their unique features and capabilities. Because technology is not neutral, children and adolescents with numerous educational opportunities and dilemmas by social networks are faced. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study the educational bottlenecks of social networks on children and adolescents and providing preventive strategies with emphasizing the educational teachings of the Qur'an and hadiths. The method of this study is qualitative and descriptive-analytic (qualitative content analysis) and inference of practical analogy. Findings of the research showed; educational bottlenecks of social networks on the education of children and adolescents, including breaking the norm (such as breaking the law, violence and aggression, sexual freedom and the promotion of abusive content, the promotion and normalization of the illegitimate relations of girls and boys, promotion of luxury and extreme consumerism, violating some ethical and religious virtues, routine and stereotypes), addiction to social networks and away from god and violation of privacy. Also, culturalize, Promoting Conscious parental supervision, protect privacy, fill leisure time and emphasize the importance of self-esteem and breeding its skills is a suggested solutions which leads to the study of the Qur'an and traditions to reduce the negative effects of our social networks.
Hamid Khanipour, Hooman Yaghmaeeyan, Hanye Chizari, Samaneh Hossaini,
Volume 8, Issue 42 (3-2021)

Sex education is considered as one of the main aspect of education that overlook in Iran. We used systematic review for answering three questions related to definition and conceptualization of sex education, sex education curriculum and skills and investigating the effectiveness of these programs. Findings of this study showed that sex education programs ranged from instruction for sexual protection to applying ethical methods for obtaining sexual health. Primary definitions of sex education were general and behavioral but as the time passed, this definition transform to culture-dependent definitions. Sex education program is effective for reducing unwanted pregnancy in adolescents and protecting from sexual abuse. It could conclude that adopting a holistic sexuality education that is characterized by applying psychological skill training methods and involvement of parents and school authorities, could fulfill the goals of sex education programs. Any sex education programs should modified based on the individual and cultural aspects to reach better success in guaranteeing sexual health for children.

Dr Amene Aali, Mrs Khadije Hoseyni Motlaq, Dr Soghra Ebrahimi Qavam,
Volume 10, Issue 44 (4-2022)

The present study was conducted to determine the effective disciplinary methods of educators on reducing child abuse in one of the boarding centers covered by welfare. The research method is qualitative case study and sampling method is available. To conduct this study, a sample of educators working in one of the girls' private boarding centers under the auspices of the Welfare of Tehran agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected through observation, interview, questionnaire and daily report book. Educators were divided into two groups based on the extent of child abuse during their hours of attendance: effective educators (with relatively low levels of child abuse) and less effective educators (with relatively high levels of child abuse). The disciplinary methods they use to manage children's behavior were compared. Three-step coding technique (open, axial and selective) was used to analyze the data. According to the results, the dominant approach in the disciplinary activities of effective educators was the comprehensive versus traditional approach. In other words, effective educators used comprehensive, supportive and participatory activities in the components of relationships, respect, interaction, engagement, and environment to establish discipline, and less effective educators used traditional activities based on reward, punishment, and control.

Mrs. Majedeh Sharifinia, Mrs. Niloofar Shadmehri,
Volume 10, Issue 44 (4-2022)

Aggression is an inner tendency and part of human behavior that the child needs to learn to control it. Toys are the most important product to learn children. The number of the toys with this purpose which exist in the Iranian market is not very large, but many of them are used as training aids. However, no evaluation has been done so far on the effectiveness and efficiency of these products. The purpose of this applied research is to evaluate the efficiency of these toys. In this study, a sample size of 414 children was randomly surveyed. The instrument for measuring anger in children was the Nelson Questionnaire and then the conditions for anger and the method of its expression was done through another questionnaire. According to the obtained characteristics, available toys in the market were studied. The results showed that while the relevant toys need to cover the relaxation phase through attractive characterization, they are either learning-oriented that do not appeal to the child, or are used in the pre-anger phase, or are designed for children with attention deficit disorder that do not have the expected effectiveness.
Dr Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Dr Afsaneh Ghanbari Panah, Dr Mojgan Mardanirad, Dr Yalda Delgoshaei,
Volume 12, Issue 46 (9-2023)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on acceptance and commitment on parenting stress and cognitive flexibility of parents with preschool children. The design of the current research was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and control group. The statistical method used to analyze the data was repeated measurement variance analysis (mixed design). 120 mothers who referred to the continuity center of Sari Municipality in 2018 were the research population. Two questionnaires of cognitive flexibility (Dennis and Vander Wall, 2010), parental stress questionnaire (Abidin, 1995) were the tools used in this research. In the first stage, among 60 mothers who received scores of 25-50% low in the questionnaires, 30 people were selected and were completely randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. Educational classes based on acceptance and commitment were held in 8 sessions and the control group participated in classes with different content in 8 sessions. The time and place of the classes were on Mondays and Wednesdays in the Sari Municipality Continuity Hall. The results showed that education based on acceptance and commitment increases cognitive flexibility (effect size in time, 0.653) and (effect size in group, 0.331) and reduces parenting stress (effect size in time, 0.803) and (the effect size in the group is 0.416). It is concluded that education based on acceptance and commitment increases cognitive flexibility and reduces parenting stress of parents with preschool children. It is suggested to use the teaching protocol based on acceptance and commitment in schools, clinics related to education in the form of educational workshops with the aim of improving parenting styles and increasing children's adaptation.


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