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Dr Mehdi Mohammadi, Dr Fahimeh Keshavarzi, Dr Reza Naseri Jahromi, Mrs Rahil Naseri Jahromi, Mrs Zahra Hesampoor, Mrs Fatemeh Mirghafari, Mrs Shima Ebrahimi,
Volume 7, Issue 40 (3-2020)

Following the outbreak of the coronavirus, the closure of schools and the need to continued education in the school coerces, teachers were forced to provide training on social networks. The main purpose of the present study was to understand the lived experience of parents of first course of elementary school students in the challenges of virtual education in social networks due to the Outbreak of coronavirus, which was implemented using phenomenological methods. The data collection method was to use a semi-structured interview questionnaire. Accordingly, with a targeted sampling approach and standard method, parents whose children have used virtual education on social media for at least a month were selected, and 16 people were finally interviewed based on theoretical saturation.

Interview analysis was performed using a cleavage model and thematic analysis method. After extracting and categorizing the topic, the advantages and disadvantages of virtual education in social networks in five educational categories (advantages: preventing academic backwardness and creating opportunities for creativity; Disadvantages: unwillingness to complete class assignments and reduction of adherence to class discipline regulations), Social (advantages: student freedom of action and greater parental supervision; Disadvantages: Elimination of group activity and laziness and distraction of students), cultural (advantages: entering virtual education into the education system and creating new experiences; Disadvantages: eliminating the charisma of teacher presence and fatigue and boredom of some parents), Economic (advantages : reducing travel costs and saving travel time; disadvantages: time for additional training and the cost of providing the necessary hardware) and technical (improving media literacy of parents as good; disadvantages: lack of visual appeal of videos and Lack of mastery of information technology ) were classified. In addition to the disadvantages mentioned by parents, it is necessary to design a coherent and effective infrastructure for providing virtual education
Fariba Khoshbakht, Mehdi Mohammadi, Phd Reza Naseri Jahromi, Fateme Mirghafari, Maryam Safari, Faezeh Roosta, Solmaz Khademi,
Volume 8, Issue 42 (3-2021)

Due to the outbreak of coronavirus, the majority of students in more than 150 countries faced school closures in their home country, which caused parents to face unforeseen circumstances and change the type of education of their children. The purpose of this study was to assess the health-oriented attitude of elementary school parents towards the reopening of schools in the Corona crisis. This is a descriptive study that was conducted by survey method. The statistical population included all parents of Elementary school students in Shiraz. 195 parents were selected using cluster sampling. The data collection tool was the Oakfield Educational Complex Questionnaire. Data was analyzed using one-sample tests by Will Coxon and Friedman. Parents have a negative attitude towards their children's participation in face-to-face classes, but a positive one towards the possibility of supporting their children's education, ensuring the health and safety of their children and school staff and forcing their children to wear masks while unable to keep social distance from each other. Finally, parents tend to have Distant education for their children, with the goal of keeping them healthy and protecting them from corona disease. They do not even agree with the Method of virtual and non-virtual education or the division of students into small groups and their Presence on different days in the classroom. 

Meimanat Abedini Baltork,
Volume 8, Issue 42 (3-2021)

The purpose of this study was to study the challenges of virtual education in the Corona era from the perspective of lived experience of female faculty members of Mazandaran University. The design of the present study was qualitative and the method used, was phenomenological. The statistical population included women faculty members of University of Mazandaran in the academic year 2020-2021, which was a total of 71 members. Qualitative data were collected using semi-structured interviews of 20 members. The validity and reliability of the study were verified on the basis of validity, transferability, reliability, and verifiability the method of data analysis in this study was thematic analysis (comprehensive, organizing, and inclusive). The results showed that women faced various challenges in e-learning which were classified into 1 comprehensive theme, 3 organizing themes and 9 inclusive themes Changes in teaching style, infrastructure and facilities and students' lack of cooperation are the themes of the organizer. Each organizing theme also consists of several inclusive themes that include changes in teaching style and teaching and being time consuming; Challenges of university infrastructures, faculty facilities, student facilities and basic infrastructures; Failure of taking e-learning seriously, neglect of the classroom, and unreasonable expectations of students are among the basic themes that participants cited as a challenge to e-learning during the Corona era. Finally, virtual education and e-classroom which had not been considered in Iranian universities, since the arrival of this virus became the center of attention, which faced many challenges due to this issue. Identifying challenges is the first step is to resolve it so that affiliated organizations can take steps in this direction.

Raheleh Jalalniya,
Volume 11, Issue 45 (12-2022)

Virtual education was quickly used in the country's universities during the Corona era, and there are doubts about its quality. In this study, the evaluation model of virtual education in higher education during the corona epidemic has been presented. The current study is an applied-developmental study in terms of its purpose, and it is a cross-sectional survey research in terms of the method and time frame of data collection. Semi-structured interview and ISM questionnaire were used to collect data. The community of participants of this research includes faculty members and administrators of Tehran University of Management. Sampling continued with a purposeful method until theoretical saturation was reached, and 17 professors and managers participated in it. In order to analyze the data obtained from the interview, the method of qualitative analysis of the theme was used and the dimensions and evaluation components of virtual education in higher education were identified. In the following, the structural-interpretive method was used to determine the relationships and design the final model. Based on the results of qualitative analysis, 13 main themes and 71 sub-themes were identified. The findings show that the planning and support of virtual education affect the quality of information, system and hardware platforms of virtual education. These factors affect teacher-learner interaction, cooperative education and educational interaction and further empower professors and students. In the shadow of empowerment, the efficiency and effectiveness of virtual education can be achieved, and this efficiency and effectiveness will eventually lead to the development of virtual education.

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