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Showing 7 results for Farahani

Tahereh Mirzaee, Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2014)

The aim of present study was detecting the difference between conscience, positive and negative affection at different levels of moral judgment, and exploring the concurrent effect of conscience and affections (positive and negative) at different levels of moral judgment. In this comparative study, 160 male and female undergraduate students of Kharazmi University in 1391-92 academic year completed the Moral Development Test "Ma", Gordon's Five-Factor Questionnaire and Positive and Negative Experience Scale. Discriminant analysis was used for data analysis. Results showed that conscience cannot distinguish different levels of moral judgment from each other and they are first negative and then positive affection which can distinguish one level of moral judgment from the others. Negative affection has greatest role at the concurrent relation of conscience and affections (positive and negative) in predicting the levels of moral judgment, and conscience and positive affections lose their diagnosis power. The above findings will be discussed based on trait perspectives, Kohlberg's theory about the characteristics of each of the levels and the role of affections in predict the behavior of judgment.

Omid Shokri, Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Reza Kormi Nouri, Alireza Moradi,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2014)

This study examined the moderating effect of cultural and sex differences on the relationship between appraisal processes with academic stress among male and female Iranian and Swedish university students. On a sample consisting of 212 students [112 Iranian (male 32 and female 78) 100 Swedish (male 29 and female 71)] were administrated the primary and secondary appraisal processes and Academic Stress Questionnaire. The results of multiple regression model showed significant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress among Iranian students and nonsignificant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress among Swedish students. Results also indicated that there was a significant negative correlation between secondary appraisal and academic stress among Iranian and Swedish students. Results also showed that there was a nonsignificant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress and a significant negative relationship between secondary appraisal and academic stress among both sexes. Therefore, the relationship between primary and secondary appraisals and academic stress by sex was not moderated. In sum, these findings emphasize that for the purpose of prediction of academic stress the functional properties of primary appraisal were dissimilar and the functional properties of secondary appraisal were similar in two cultural contexts and the functional properties primary and secondary appraisals were similar in tow sex groups.

Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Mehran Emadi,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (2-2015)

The relationship between class management with learning achievement had been attended by different researchers, but the psychological mediators can added the best obvious of this relationship. In the present research, the role of metacognitive knowledge and class management of teachers in predicting of English achievement have been conducted. 221 English teacher-student completed 3 sub-scales of class management (abdollahi,, 2014) and metacognitive believes (vels,2004). English grade point average of three classes of teachers has been the criterion of English achievement of their students. The results of stepwisel regression analysis showed the class management variables enter in the equation in the first steps. 52 percent of variance of English achievement predicts by 3 component of class management. In the last stage 1 percent of variance of English achievement added to the total of variance. This results show that although the most important of English achievement can predict by class management variables, but the metacognition believes of teachers can increase this prediction.
Keywords: Metacognition, Class Management, English Achievement

Dr Seyed Saeid Pournaghash Tehrani, Miss Zahra Ghalandarzadeh, Dr Hojjatollah Farahani, Dr Seyed Mehdi Saberi, Dr Masumeh Pashaeii Bahram,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (12-2018)

Domestic violence could cause different types of physical and mental consequences for women. This may threaten safety of the family. Women are more prone to be the victims of violence particularly partners’ one. One of the important consequences of violence is cognitive dysfunctioning. Domestic violence could be considered as an environmental stressor factor which in turn could affect cognitive functions. Surviving from the influence of a domestic violence is in direct relation with the cognitive capabilities of abused women. Therefore, investigation on the effect of domestic violence on cognitive functioning of women suffering from domestic violence is an important issue. The effect of violence on cognitive functions may occur throughout other psychological variables. That is why in the current study, the mediating role of self-regulation and psychological Distress relating domestic violence and cognitive functions is investigated.
The current study is a fundamental research. Considering that, the study of the relationship between the interested variables has been conducted on a limited number of abused women, it is a descriptive-correlative type of research. The relationship between the parameters is analyzed based on the research objectives. The subject community is abused women referred to different branches of Tehran Forensic Medicine Center in 2017-2018. 200 abused women are asked to participate in this study. They are selected on a purposive sampling method based on entry-exit criteria and after seeking their acceptances. Miller & Brown (1999) Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ), DASS-21 Questionnaire (1995), Pour Naghash Tehrani (2004) Domestic Violence Questionnaire and MONTREAL cognitive assessment scale (2005) were utilized as the instruments of research variables.
Results are analyzed by means of SPSS and LISREL software. The conceptual model connecting domestic violence to the cognitive functioning throughout the above mentioned mediating parameters are examined. The outcomes supported a suitable fitness for the proposed model, since the statistical indicators such as RMSEA, GFI, MFI, AGFI … showed satisfactory values.
Present study shows that the experience of domestic violence creates significant cognitive dysfunctioning through the mediating factors such as loss of self-regulation capability and Psychological Distress. By means of these findings, families and social organizations such and women’s shelter and support centers can offer suitable educational programs and treatment to prevent the continuation of the violence.  
Seid Nezamoddin Rostamkalaee, Dr. Reza Rostami, Abbas Rahiminezhad, Hojjatollah Farahani,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (2-2020)

Depression is the most common mental disorder that disrupts patients’ lives and imposes costs on society. Recently, the use of biomarkers in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders has been considered. The question is whether biomarkers derived from EEG are capable of separating depressed patients from healthy people. The objective of this study was to compare the power of different frequency bands in depressed and healthy individuals. The participants of this non-experimental study were selected using clinical criteria based on DSM-5 at Atieh Clinic in Tehran in 2016-2017 (29 women and 21 men who were depressed and 19 women and 31 men who were healthy). EEG was recorded in 19 channels and five frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma) at rest (eyes closed) and during the Emtional Contineous Performance Task (ECPT). The results showed that at rest, the mean power was significantly higher in the depressed group only in the gamma band (Fz and Cz). Significant differences were also observed in theta (P8, O1 and O2), alpha (P4, P8 and O1), beta (Fp1, P3, Pz, and P4) and gamma (Fp1, Fp2, Fz and O1) during activity. Furthermore, mean powers in the depressed group were higher. It seems that EEG power during activity is a better discriminator than power in resting state and it could potentially be used as a biomarker for the diagnosis of depression.

Seyede Mansoureh Hakak, Dr Ali Fathi-Ashtiani, Dr Hojatollah Farahani,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (volume9, Issue 4 2022)

In spite of increasing importance of attentional control in conceptualization of psychopathology, there are a few scales to measure it. It is necessary to use valid and reliable scale to study this construct in Iranian studies.This study aimed to provide and investigate psychometric characteristics of Persian version of the attentional style questionnaire.The sample of 426 students were selected by available sampling and completed persian version of the attentional style questionnaire, attentional control (Derryberry &Reed, 2002) and repetitive thinking (Ehring et al, 2011) scales. Construct validity were evaluated through confirmatory factor analysis. Convergent and divergent validity were assessed by pearson correlation. Reliability was calculated using Cronbach s alpha method, test-retest and Composite reliability.factor analysis indicated that two-factor model (congnitive avoidance/distractibility and focusing) provided good model fit. Significant correlations between these factors and attentional control, and repetitive thinking scales confirmed convergent and divergent validity. Cronbach s alfa for both factors were 0/75 and test-retest coefficient for cognitive avoidance/distractibility and focusing were 0/88 and 0/73 respectively also composite reliability were 0/81 and 0/84 respectively. According to the results, Persian version of attentional style questionnaire characterized two factors and has been demonstrated to have acceptable validity and reliability to use in psychological researches in Iranian population.

Mahmoud Alipour, Mahamad Naghi Farahani, ,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (volume10, Issue 2 2022)

Based on the cognitive perspective, cognitve schemas, as an important individual characteristic, influence human behavior. on the other hand, employees can influence the success or filure of the organization by influencing the organizational identity and contex. therefore, in this article, the role of self-concept clarity in the relationship between organizational identity and organizational culture han been investigated. for this purpose, the employees of Sarcheshmeh Copper complex, that at the time of research were more than 5190 person, were selected as the statistical population., and then, using cochran's formula and stratified random sampling, 428 pepole were introduced as a statistical sample. Next, by using cheney's organizational identity questionnaire (1983), Campbell et al's self-concept clarity questionnaire (1996) and Camero-Quinn's organizational culture assesment index tool (2006), the required data were collected. the collected data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling technique. accordind to tjhe results of research, in addition to the direct effect organizational identity, self-concept clarity, as a mediating variable, modifies the negative effects of organizational culture on organizational identity. Considering the role of self-concept clarit in the relationship between organizational identity and organizational cultre and its effect on organizational identiy, it seems that increasing the clarity of employee's self-concept improve their organizational identity. therefore, it is sggested that in the process of recruiing human resources, people who have a higher sel-concept clarity should be recruited into organization. also, it is suggested to compile and implement the necessary training programs to improve the self-concept clarity of employees.

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