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Showing 10 results for Hasani

Jafar Hasani,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (6-2014)

The goal of the current study was to assess the role of the cognitive emotion regulation strategie in student’s test anxiety. Using randomized multistage cluster sampling method 330 (165 girls, 135 boys) were selected and assessed by Persian version of cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (Garnefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001) and Spielberger's test Anxiety Scale (1980). The results of stepwise multivariate regression analysis indicated that among adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies, positive reappraisal and putting into perspective pridected both wory and emotionality components of test anxiety, wheras total score of test anxiety was pridected by positive reappraisal and refocus on planning strategies. Among maladaptive strategies, self-blame and catastrophizing strategies pridected wory component and total score of test anxiety. Also, the emotionality component was pridected via self-blame, catastrophizing and rumination strategies. The results of this study indicate that dysfunctional cognitive coping is one of causes of test anxiety incidence and training effective cognitive emotion regulation strategies can be major steps in test anxiety based interventions.

Tahereh Mirzaee, Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2014)

The aim of present study was detecting the difference between conscience, positive and negative affection at different levels of moral judgment, and exploring the concurrent effect of conscience and affections (positive and negative) at different levels of moral judgment. In this comparative study, 160 male and female undergraduate students of Kharazmi University in 1391-92 academic year completed the Moral Development Test "Ma", Gordon's Five-Factor Questionnaire and Positive and Negative Experience Scale. Discriminant analysis was used for data analysis. Results showed that conscience cannot distinguish different levels of moral judgment from each other and they are first negative and then positive affection which can distinguish one level of moral judgment from the others. Negative affection has greatest role at the concurrent relation of conscience and affections (positive and negative) in predicting the levels of moral judgment, and conscience and positive affections lose their diagnosis power. The above findings will be discussed based on trait perspectives, Kohlberg's theory about the characteristics of each of the levels and the role of affections in predict the behavior of judgment.

Jafar Hasani, Hasan Rezaee,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2014)

Emotionand cognitionconstructs constitute twobasic dimensions ofhuman psychologicalstructureandtheexplanation of performanceis onlypossibledue to theinteractionof thesetwo dimensions.The aimofthis study wasto investigate student’s information processingspeed based ontrait/stateanxiety.From large population ofNajaf Abadcityhighschoolstudentsaccording to inclusion criteria and  extreme scores of distribution of Spielberger Trait and State AnxietyScale (EPQ-R)fourgroups(highstatanxiety, lowstatanxiety, hightraitanxiety&lowtraitanxiety N=15) wereselected  and assessed by Speed-of-processing tests  (Zahlen-Verbindungs-TestOswald & Roth, 1978) and Sitzwohl’s Coding Test (KDT)(1995). Theresultsofmultivariate analysis of varianceand Bonferenipost hoctestsshowed thatthere aresignificant differences between fourgroups in speed-of-processing andcoding .Theresults alsoshowed thatspeed-of-processinginstudents with low trait and low state anxietyis faster thanstudentswithhightrait and high stateanxiety. Based on the findingsof this studycan be said thatanxiety plays an important role incognitive functionsandinformationprocessing speedofandhigh anxiety(trait /state) causes interferenceininformation processingspeed, and ultimately cognitive functions.

Moslem Kord, Ali Mashhadi, Javad Salehi Fadardi, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (3-2016)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of emotional working memory training on improving cognitive control of participants with high trait anxiety symptoms. This study was based on a quasi-experimental design pretest& posttest with active control group. 28 students from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad with high scores on trait anxiety, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were voluntarily selected, according to available sampling. 14 people in both experimental and active control groups were matched and randomly assigned into two groups. To measure cognitive control color-word Stroop test was used. Persian Emotional Working Memory Training was used with the experimental group and Shape Matched Training Task was used with the active control group To analyze the results multivariate analysis of covariance was conducted The results showed a significant difference in cognitive control components (congruent reaction time, incongruent reaction time and interference score) between the two groups.
Yazdan Moradizadeh, Robabeh Nouri Ghasmabadi, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (1-2017)

The aim of present study was to investigation the role of metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies in test anxiety symptoms of students. In a frame of correlation design, using multi-stage cluster sampling among high school students of Estahban and Shiraz in the 93-94 academic year, 401 students (male and female) were selected and completed test anxiety inventory (TAI), metacognitive questionnaire (MCQ-30) and thought control questionnaire (TCQ). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the cognitive components of positive beliefs about worry, uncontrollability, danger and cognitive confidence had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of students. Also, among thought control strategies, worry, social control and punishment had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of student, but attention diversion had a negative relationship. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis of variables combination showed that uncontrollability and danger, cognitive confidence, punishment and need to thoughts control predict test anxiety symptoms of students, respectively.  The results of this study suggests that one of important factors in incidence of test anxiety in students is metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies about them. Therefore, it is recommended that pay particular attention to metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies in the prevention programs or treatment of test anxiety. 

Ms Parisa Sharifi, Dr Seyyed Alimohammad Mousavi, Dr Jafar Hasani,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2018)

The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the discrimination role of reinforcement sensitivity theory, emotion regulation processes strategies and cognitive flexibility in discrimination of people with internet addiction. The research design was a two-group diagnostic function. The study population included Internet user students at Imam Khomeini International University in Qazvin (18 to 35 years). Sample selection was done using convenience sampling method. The research sample consisted of 92 participants (46 = Internet addiction, 46 = normal). Data were collected using the Internet addiction inventory, cognitive flexibility inventory, emotion regulation process strategies inventory and Jackson's five-factor scale; and were analyzed using discriminant analysis. The findings showed that reappraisal and cognitive flexibility negatively, and then BAS, BIS and suppression positivey, in order, had the strongest relationship with the present function and discriminated the groups from each other. But the system of FFFS did not have a significant role in the discrimination of the two groups. In general, cognitive flexibility, emotion regulation processes strategies, and BAS and BIS sensitivity are important factors in discrimination people with Internet addiction from normal people.

Soheila Teymoorpur, Mahdi Akbari, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of the effect of behavioral activation therapy (BA) through cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility on the symptoms of women with major depressive disorder. This study was based on the single-subject design. The research sample consisted of five women with major depressive disorder (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety (BAI), Cognitive Flexibility (CFI) and Emotional Flexibility (EFI) at baseline and during the stage of depression. Treatment was evaluated. To analyze the data, trend, slope, and charts were used to determine the clinical significance of the percentage of recovery, percent reduction, effect size and Cohen index. The findings indicated that behavioral activation therapy significantly contributed to enhancing the cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility of patients with major depressive disorder. In general, the results of the research indicated that the benefits of behavioral activation treatment as an effective intervention were used to increase the cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility of women with major depressive disorder.

Asghar Noruzi, Alireza Moradi, Karim Zamani, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (volume7, Issue 2 2019)

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and acceptance and commitment therapy on the elderly's autobiographical memory. The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design and the follow-up period. The sample consisted of 66 older people (46 females and 20 males) referred to daily rehabilitation centers of Sari city, who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental and one control group.  The semi-structured autobiographical memory interview was used to collect data. For the first experimental group, logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and for the second experimental group, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, each was provided for 8 sessions of 75 minutes, during which the control group received no intervention. The results of the repeated measures analysis of variance showed that logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and acceptance and commitment therapy improved autobiographical memory and its components in the elderly. The results also showed that there was a significant difference between the effectiveness of the two groups of logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, so that logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts was more effective on the autobiographical memory of elderly.
Adeleh Moayedi Pour, Jafar Hasani, Shahram Mohamad Khani,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (volume8, Issue 4 2021)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emotional induction on physiological characteristics and cognitive functions of adolescents based on psychological hardiness. In order to meet this aim, 400 students from 2 high schools in 2nd district of Tehran completed the Ahvaz Hardiness Questionnaire (AHI), of which two groups of 20 participants were selected based on the mean and standard deviation (10precent). One group included participants with a low hard score, and the other included hard participants. The pieces of films that create positive and negative emotional experiences (Mixed) were used in order to induce emotional experiences. The pieces of films (5 minute) were displayed individually for participants in each group. Physiological responses of the participants (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate) were measured by the digital barometer and the participants’ cognitive performance were measured in two areas of attention and memory using the WAIS(III) as cognitive function - Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-revised (WAIS-R) - before and after watching the films. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference between the three baseline measurements of positive excitement induction and negative excitement induction for heart rate, systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure at P <0.01. There was also a significant difference between the three baseline measurements of positive excitement induction and negative excitement induction for cognitive functions at P <0.01. Overall, the research findings indicate that people with high stubbornness have the power to prevent emotional and impulsive reactions to potentially stressful situations or events due to their hardiness and high self-control. They can effectively alleviate stressful situations and prevent mental and physical problems.

Masoumeh Soltanipour, Akram Parand, Peyman Hasani Abharian, Saeed Sharifyazdi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (volume9, Issue 2 2021)

the children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)  in executive functions such as kinds of attention, response inhibition and response rate cope with problems which need therapeutic and educational plans to improve. From this kind of methods, cognitive rehabilitation is a new approach, which its effectiveness has studied in various cases. The aim of this study is to find out the effect of Computer- assisted cognitive rehabilitation on improving of executive function of students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This study is a kind of quasi-experimental design with pre-test / post-test and control groups. 30 students come down with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) selected by the available sampling method and base on criteria for entering of referrals to medical centers. 15 students were in experimental groups and others in control group. Experimental group have received training and computer-assisted Cognitive Rehabilitation for 15 Sessions. the integrated visual and auditory (IVA) continuous performance test, raven's progressive matrices test for children 5 to 9 years, SNAP-IV rating scale the Swanson questionnaire and Captain's­Log Cognitive Rehabilitation software. Data has analyzed by analyze of covariance method. the results of this study revealed that improving executive functions, response inhibition variables, sustain attention, self-centered attention and selective attention were caused by Cognitive Rehabilitation by computer game (P=0.05). But, significant Improvement was not observed in two variables, response rate and divided attention. (P=0.05). Ognitive Rehabilitation by Captain's­Log computer game affected on improving of executive functions of students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder so if the children with disorder being train under Cognitive computer software, executive functions of them will improve on response inhibition components, self-centered attention, selective attention and sustain attention.

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