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Showing 21 results for Moradi

D. Hezaree, K. Rasulzadeh, A. R. Moradi, M. J. Asgari,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2013)

The present research aims at comparing the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Behavioral Activation Therapy (BAT) in the improvement of cognitive functions (working memory and simple reaction time) in the heroin abusers in Afghanistan.
To this end, through a semi-experimental design including two groups with pre test and post test, 30 heroine abusers referring to the abstinence center of Universal Kabul Physicians were selected by the availability sampling and were then divided into the two groups of experimental 1 (CBT) and expeerimental2 (BAT).  Both groups were first administered the Working Memory Inventory, one of the subscales of Wexler Memory Test (the third edition) and the Stroop software to be evaluated on the working memory and the reaction time. Then the experimental group1 was administered cognitive behavioral therapy and the experimental group2 was administered behavioral activation therapy within 10 sessions of group therapy.
The analysis of the findings indicates that there is a significant difference between the two groups in terms of working memory and simple reaction time. The findings indicate that behavioral –cognitive therapy is more effective in the improvement of working memory and the behavioral activation therapy is more effective in the decrease of the reaction time of heroine abusers. Therefore, both therapy methods are applicable in the improvement of cognitive functions for heroine abusers.  

Z. Haghshenas, R. Nouri, A. R. Moradi, G. R. Sarami,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2014)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the coping styles, meta-cognitive beliefs and test anxiety by considering the mediating role of coping styles based on the Self-regulatory executive function in the university students. In 2010, 638 students of Tehran’s kharazmi University and Agricultural faculty of Tehran University were selected through Stratified sampling method from October to November. Students completed Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations of Endler and Parker, Test Anxiety Inventory, Metacognitions Questionnaire. In this study the correlational method was used. Spearman correlation test was used to determine the relationship between the variables and the path analysis method was used to determine the contribution of each component. The Results showed that the emotion-oriented and problem-oriented coping strategies had a mediating role in the relationship between the meta-cognition and test anxiety. But avoidance coping strategy had no mediating role in this relationship. Of five dimensions of meta-cognition, only the positive meta-cognitive beliefs and cognitive confidence had a direct effect on the test anxiety. But the effects of other dimensions were indirect. With respect to the results, focusing on the coping strategies and meta-cognitive beliefs can play an important role in the students’ test anxiety. It is suggested that the treatment interventions which are based on the meta-cognition and coping should be considered for treatment of test anxiety disorder.  

Asoodeh Roozmehr, Alireza Moradi, Hadi Parhoon, Yazdan Naderi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (6-2014)

The objective of the current research is to compare the function of declarative memory among war veterans who are suffering from PTSD ,war veterans who are not suffering from PTSD and normal people without any war experience the research has also aimed at studying and comparing the influence of the modifying role of meta cognition on the function of declarative memory among the three groups of the study.60 people have been selected and placed in three groups: 20 war veterans suffering from PTSD , chosen by PTSD scales 20 veterans not suffering from PTSD and 20 normal people without any war experience. All three groups were evaluated by WatsonPTSD questionnaires, declarative memory memory interview and delayed recall story) and meta cognition questionnaire .The research hypotheses were tested by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA). The result have indicated that the function of declarative memory in the three groups without the control of meta cognition moderator is significant , in another word the declarative memory function in war veterans suffering from PTSD is different with the two other groups. It can be also deduced from the results of the research that the declarative memory function by the control of meta cognition modifying  role was not significant this time which indicates the modifying role of meta cognition in decreasing the declarative memory function in war veterans suffering from PTSD in comparison with the two other mentioned groups.

Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh, Alireza Moradi, Shahram Mohammadkhani,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2014)

Introduction: Emotion regulation problems can cause important disorders in children and adolescents. Since emotion dysregulation has major role in internalizing and externalizing problems of children and adolescents, adolescence is  an important opportunity for changes in emotional experiences, emotional regulation and also increasing mental disorders and generalized changes in social relationships. The aim of this research is to study the effectiveness of training emotion regulation skills in improvement of executive function and emotion regulation strategies of at risk adolescents. Method: The method of this research is experimental that we used pre- test and post -test with control group.24 teenage girls have been selected from hazardous areas of Tehran with accessible manner and randomly they have been appointed in experimental and control group.The members of experimental group got education program of emotion regulation skills in the base  of dialectical behavioral therapy that was derived from Linehan model  in 8 group sessions,while the control group don’t take any intervention.Results: Training emotion regulation skills increased the scores of adaptive strategies and decreased the scores of maladaptive strategies. Also there was an increase in total number correct of executive function variable and number of categories completed rather than control group.Conclusion: Training of emotion regulation skills can affect in modifying and moderating of emotional reactions in adolescents and also it can affects on involved cognitive processes.

Omid Shokri, Mohammad Naghi Farahani, Reza Kormi Nouri, Alireza Moradi,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (10-2014)

This study examined the moderating effect of cultural and sex differences on the relationship between appraisal processes with academic stress among male and female Iranian and Swedish university students. On a sample consisting of 212 students [112 Iranian (male 32 and female 78) 100 Swedish (male 29 and female 71)] were administrated the primary and secondary appraisal processes and Academic Stress Questionnaire. The results of multiple regression model showed significant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress among Iranian students and nonsignificant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress among Swedish students. Results also indicated that there was a significant negative correlation between secondary appraisal and academic stress among Iranian and Swedish students. Results also showed that there was a nonsignificant positive relationship between primary appraisal and academic stress and a significant negative relationship between secondary appraisal and academic stress among both sexes. Therefore, the relationship between primary and secondary appraisals and academic stress by sex was not moderated. In sum, these findings emphasize that for the purpose of prediction of academic stress the functional properties of primary appraisal were dissimilar and the functional properties of secondary appraisal were similar in two cultural contexts and the functional properties primary and secondary appraisals were similar in tow sex groups.

Shirin Alaeefar, Alireza Moradi,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (2-2015)

اثربخشی آموزش برنامه فرزند پروری مثبت به مادران  بر افزایش توانایی خواندن کودکان نارسا خوان

Maryam Ahmadi, Dr Alireza Moradi, Dr Jafar Hassani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2016)

The present research aims to compare the cognitive performance of the adolescents suffering from MDD and PTSD in the working memory and information processing. the selected sample in this casual-comparative study included 15 MDD patients, 15 youth PTSD subjects and 15 normal subjects who were matched by age, IQ, sex as well as social and economic status variables. The tool package employed in this investigation comprised child depression inventory (CDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Impact of Event Scale (IES-R), Wechsler’s Memory and Intelligence Test, and The Information Processing Index Test. Findings were analyzed using the ANOVA, MANOVA analysis statistical indicated by our result, in the verbal memory there is a significant difference between groups of depression and PTSD and between depressed and normal subjects. in the reverse spatial working memory there are significant differences between normal and PTSD. in the visual memory and information processing, the significant difference is between normal and both PTSD and depressed.The findings of this study confirm the disorders of working memory and speed of information processing in adolescents with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. 

Yazdan Moradizadeh, Robabeh Nouri Ghasmabadi, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (1-2017)

The aim of present study was to investigation the role of metacognitive beliefs and thought control strategies in test anxiety symptoms of students. In a frame of correlation design, using multi-stage cluster sampling among high school students of Estahban and Shiraz in the 93-94 academic year, 401 students (male and female) were selected and completed test anxiety inventory (TAI), metacognitive questionnaire (MCQ-30) and thought control questionnaire (TCQ). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the cognitive components of positive beliefs about worry, uncontrollability, danger and cognitive confidence had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of students. Also, among thought control strategies, worry, social control and punishment had a positive relationship with test anxiety symptoms of student, but attention diversion had a negative relationship. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis of variables combination showed that uncontrollability and danger, cognitive confidence, punishment and need to thoughts control predict test anxiety symptoms of students, respectively.  The results of this study suggests that one of important factors in incidence of test anxiety in students is metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies about them. Therefore, it is recommended that pay particular attention to metacognitive beliefs and copying strategies in the prevention programs or treatment of test anxiety. 

Mr Abdollah Borhani, Dr Alireza Moradi, Dr Mehdi Akbary, Mis Rozhin Mirani,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (9-2017)


 Addiction has negative effects on people's psychological and social aspects. In fact, addiction is a chronic disease that causes various biological, psychological and social impact of.The aim of current study was Effectiveness of process emotion regulation strategies in improvement on executive functions  and quality of life in recovered addictions in drop in centers. The  method of this research is experimental that we used pre-tests and post-tests with control group. The sample consisted of 24 male  of recovered addictions in drop in centers that selected with accessible sampaling and randomly they have been appointed in experimental and control group. Experimental group recieved emotion regulation strategies based on gross model for ten sessions, while the control group don,t take any intervention. The information were assessed via Wisconsin card sorting test and quality of life questionnaire.The data were analyzed by analysis of multivariate covariance.  The results show that process emotion regulation strategies improve executive functions and  increase quality of life in experimental group. process emotion regulation strategies suggest positive clinical implications in substance abuse treatment  and relapse prevention.

Ms Hoda Mansourian, Ms Azadeh Nesari, Alireza Moradi, Babak Mohamadi,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (12-2018)

In this research connectionist modeling of decision making has been presented. Important areas for decision making in the brain are thalamus, prefrontal cortex and Amygdala. Connectionist modeling with 3 parts representative for these 3 areas is made based the result of Iowa Gambling Task. In many researches Iowa Gambling Task is used to study emotional decision making. In these kind of decision making the role of Amygdala is so important and we expect that a model with two parts (thalamus and Amygdala) can have the best result in modeling participants decisions without considering any part for cortex process. For this purpose 56 participants composed of 20 men and 36 women wanted to do Iowa Gambling Task. Results show that the networks related to two parts model predict 62.57 Percent’s of participant’s decisions and the 3parts model has 68.46 Percent’s of that. In conclusion it can be said that three parts modeling has been more success than mathematical two parts model in predicting the performance of participants and the difference is significant. In other words cortex role in this kind of decision making is quite important.
Alireza Moradi, Mahboobeh Bagheri, Peyman Hassani Abharian,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2019)

The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of tDCS and cognitive rehabilitation of working memory and the combination of these two methods on speed of processing and symptoms of dyslexia on bilingual children. Research method; semi experimental (pre-test, post-test and control group). Research population included all of the bilingual children at both sex at the age of 7-11 in Tehran and Kahrizak cities. Available samples were selected through Wexler intelligent questionnaire and Nama dyslexia test scores, so that 40 dyslexic students (based on school diagnostic system) and situated randomly in 4 groups: a) intervention by tDCS brain stimulation, b) computational cognitive rehabilitation via working memory module of RehaCom, c) simultaneous intervention of computational cognitive rehabilitation and brain stimulation tDCS and d) control group. Nama and speed of processing (SDMT) tests have been performed on all of the four groups in pre-test and post-test in order to data collecting. Data analysis results using analysis of multi-variable covariance in SPSS-22 showed that mentioned interventions could have meaningful changes in speed of processing and in decreasing dyslexia symptoms. Post hoc test results also showed that combination method first of all and then brain stimulation method have been the most effectiveness, but the mere computational cognitive rehabilitation method has not been influenced on these two variables alone.    

Hussein Samani, Ali-Reza Moradi, Maryam Moghadasin,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (volume7, Issue 2 2019)

The topic of this study is to compare the absolute threshold of readability among ten commonly used Persian fonts in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) reading techniques task at three reading speed (100, 300 and 500 words per minute). RSVP is a cognitive task design method that is also used in fast reading technologies. This research had two goals: First, determine the optimal Persian font from a visual ergonomic perspective and others investigate the effect of demographic variables (age, gender and education degree) and some cognitive abilities (memory and processing speed) on total numbers of reading errors. In this study, for the first time, the concept of absolute threshold of readability was introduced as an objective indicator in comparing fonts.
Twenty subjects participated in this study with ages ranging from 11-79 years and degrees from undergraduate to PhD. The results shown that Iran Sans 5.5 is the optimal font from visual ergonomic perspective. It was also found that age (demographic) and short-term memory (cognitive ability) are correlated with total numbers of reading errors.
Asghar Noruzi, Alireza Moradi, Karim Zamani, Jafar Hasani,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (volume7, Issue 2 2019)

The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and acceptance and commitment therapy on the elderly's autobiographical memory. The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design and the follow-up period. The sample consisted of 66 older people (46 females and 20 males) referred to daily rehabilitation centers of Sari city, who were selected by available sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental and one control group.  The semi-structured autobiographical memory interview was used to collect data. For the first experimental group, logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and for the second experimental group, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, each was provided for 8 sessions of 75 minutes, during which the control group received no intervention. The results of the repeated measures analysis of variance showed that logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and acceptance and commitment therapy improved autobiographical memory and its components in the elderly. The results also showed that there was a significant difference between the effectiveness of the two groups of logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, so that logotherapy based on Rumi's thoughts was more effective on the autobiographical memory of elderly.
Mahmoud Talkhabi, Zeinab Rahmati, Alireza Moradi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (10-2020)

This study explores the necessity of conceptual change in teachers' professional development through creating knowledge building environment. In cognitive approaches to education the quality of education is considered to be a result of teachers' pedagogy and teachers' pedagogy is considered as a result of their cognition. Thereby the goal of many professional development programs is to educate teachers whose cognition is consistent with the latest research findings from cognitive and learning sciences. In this study the research synthesis was used to develop basic statements for salient characteristics of conceptual change framework. The analysis of the results showed that pedagogical belief system, teachers' preconceptions and how they align with scientific concepts, implicit theories, coherency of cognition, epistemological beliefs, metaconceptual awareness and experience-based belief system need to be considered in teachers' professional development. Finally, the possibility of creating knowledge building environment has been discussed.

Soroush Lohrasbi, Alireza Moradi, Meysam Sadeghi,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (volume8, Issue 4 2021)

Emotion Recognition is the main component of social cognition. The failure in emotion recognition can jeopardize the survival of the human in the environment. Emotion recognition has various pattern in different cultures and nationalities. Some of the emotions would recognize as strong or weak. Also, there is diversity in emotion recognition pattern in some psychological disorders and neurological damages. Finding the Iranian emotion recognition pattern with a valid neuro-psychological test is the main purpose of this study. This is a descriptive-analytical study. Participants with the age of 24 to 40 years were initially tested in computer intelligence and progressive matrices of Raven-2 Then, for 88 subjects who had obtained a normal score in the RAVEN-2 test, the excitement recognition subtest was taken from the Cambridge Neuro-Psychological test automated battery (CANTAB). The correct response of participants to each of the six emotions used for analysis. The average percentage of correct responses to each of the six emotions has been analysis by SPSS statistical software. The normal distribution and spherical condition exist among the accumulated data. The maximum rate of correct responses was 75.83% related to happy emotion, sad 70.00%, Surprise 68.48%, disgust 47.84%, angry 42.54%, and fear 38.26%. Iranians recognized happy emotions better than the other emotions and fear was the lees recognized emotion. The finding of this study can affect the evaluation of cognitive elements in the particular society like Iran and can identify the most cognitive abilities and inabilities in people. The result of this research deduces striking findings that can lead the evaluation of cognitive, social people of Iran.

Afsaneh Moradi, Maryam Akbarzadeh, Vahid Farnia, Mostafa Alikhani, Nasrin Abdoli,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (volume8, Issue 4 2021)

With the significant increase in the computer and internet usage, the new concept of addiction to internet games is now considered as a new psychiatric disorder. The evidences have demonstrated that the internet gaming disorder is similar to drug addiction in terms of neurology, but just a few researches has been done in terms of brain functions. The aim of this project is to compare Inhibitory control and risky decision making among heroin and methamphetamine users, internet gaming disorders and normal people. To do so 180 men participants (45 persons in each group) were selected via simple nonrandom or convenience sampling. Subjects of the study were evaluated using go/no go and Balloon Risk Taking Task (BART) test. For analyzing the results multivariable analyze of variance was used. Results showed that inhibitory control in both substance abuse disorder and internet gaming disorder was significantly lower than normal group (P<0.001). Although internet gaming disorder group showed better performance in comparison with substance abuse disorder group. (P<0.001) Moreover, risky decision-making in internet gaming disorder group was similar to substance abuse disorder group and was significantly higher than normal group (P<0.001). Generally, there are relative similarity in impulsivity parameters particularly in risky decision-making and inhibitory control between internet gaming group and substance abuse group. This can lead to continue taking drugs or online gaming despite of their annoying consequences.

Zhaleh Kiani, Alireza Moradi, Parvin Kadivar, Hamid Reza Hasanabadi, Hadi Keramati, Mohammad Effatpanah,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2021)

Mindfulness is one of the effective interventions in improving executive functions. Although this intervention is well documented for adults, but it is less addressed for children, while children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder Executive functions are problematic. The purpose of this study is to Designing, developing and validating a psycho-educational program of empowerment based on mindfulness-cognitive for reduce behavioral symptoms and improve executive function in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder. The present study is of the fundamental type, which is in two parts, In the first for designing and development stages was a descriptive - analytic method with a configurative synthesis approach In the second stage For program validation, along with the use of face validity method, content validity method was used quantitatively and Qualitatively method with a panel of 10 experts and Content Validity Ratio (CVR) and Content Validity Index (CVI). The minimum and maximum CVRs for each item or component of the program were calculated as 0/73 and 1, respectively. Also the minimum and maximum CVIs for each item or component of the program were calculated as 0/80 and 1, respectively. Finally, the average content validity index (S-CVI/Ave) for the entire program was calculated as 0/91. This research leads to the preparation of an educational-therapeutic program in three sections: 1- basics, 2- external awareness and 3- internal awareness, which includes the sub-elements of strengthening attention, concentration, awareness of emotions, thoughts, tasks, purpose and impulses. Be. This educational-therapeutic program includes 16 sessions for children and 3 sessions for parents, 120 cards and 20 educational worksheets. The psycho educational program of empowerment based on mindfulness- cognitive for  reduce behavioral symptoms and improve executive function in children with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder has appropriate face and content validity, and has a useful validity for educational, clinical and research uses.

Ms Elahe Bigham Lalabady, Dr Niloofar Mikaeili, Ms Raziyeh Hajimoradi,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (volume9, Issue 4 2022)

Reduced specificity of memories is one of the significant cognitive processes in depression. The aim of this study was to reduce the symptoms of depression and sedentary behavior in female adolescents with depressive disorder through memory specialization training. This research was applied in terms of purpose and quasi-experimental method with pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population of this study included all students of 4 public and private schools in Kermanshah in 1400 who were selected by cluster random sampling. Depression test (Rindells, 1989) and sedentary behavior (Fisher et al., 2012) were then performed on 350 students of these 4 schools. From 67 students with depression higher than 60 and inactivity higher than 11 hours and 40 minutes per week, 30 were selected based on inclusion criteria and available in a simple random method in two experimental groups (15 N) and control (n = 15) were assigned. Then, the experimental group underwent memory specificity training (Rise, 2009), which was conducted in 6 group sessions of 90 minutes per week. The results of this study showed that the memory specificity training can reduce Mobility and depressive symptoms were significant at the level (P = 0.001) in female adolescents with depression. Generally, it can be concluded that autobiographical Memory Specificity Training is an effective way to reduce depression and Sedentary behavior. Due to the ease and a low number of sessions, this training can be used along with other treatments to reduce the vulnerability to depression. 

Fateme Zahra Moradi, Siavash Talepasand, Isaac Rahimian Boogar,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (volume10, Issue 3 2023)

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of attention control on mind wandering. The method of this research was semi-experimental. The statistical population includes fifth and sixth grade female students of Semnan city in the academic year of 1400-1401. The number of 38 people from the statistical population was calculated as available, and in order to predict the drop of the subjects or the loss of data, 2 people were present in the study more than the number of the calculated sample. The tool used to measure mind wandering was the Stroop test, which was completed under active and reactive attention control conditions. The data were analyzed using one-factor analysis of variance and repeated measurement by SPSS25 software. The findings showed that mind wandering is more in active attention control conditions than in reactive attention control conditions. The findings of this study can provide useful insight in understanding the phenomenon of mind wandering. Teachers and educational designers, having the knowledge related to this field, can design and produce educational content that students will experience during virtual education, where the minimum supervision by the teacher takes place during the learning process. The wandering of the mind will be less on the part of the students.
M.a Student Elaheh Shirovi, Dr Shekoofeh Mottaghi, Dr Afsaneh Moradi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (Volume11, Issue 1 2023)

Executive functions are important structures that play an important role in controlling and directing behavior. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the mediating role of emotional intelligence in the relationship between theory of mind and executive functions (cognitive flexibility and response inhibition). The current research method was correlation and structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the research included all female students aged 13 to 18 in Khomeini Shahr city in 2021, of which 300 were selected for the research sample using the available method. To collect data from the emotional intelligence questionnaire (Schutte et al., 1998), software tests of Wisconsian card sorting (Grant and Berg, 1984), go /no go (Hoffman, 1984) and mind reading through eye images (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) were used. For data analysis, Pearson's correlation coefficient and structural equation model were used in AMOS-24 software. The findings showed that theory of mind had a positive and significant direct effect on emotional intelligence with a coefficient of 0.233 and on cognitive flexibility and response inhibition with a coefficient of 0.133 and 0.218 respectively (P<0.01), intelligence Emotion with cognitive flexibility and response inhibition had a positive and significant direct effect with coefficients of 0.144 and 0.337 respectively (P<0.01). The indirect effect of theory of mind on flexibility and response inhibition with the mediating role of emotional intelligence was 0.033 and 0.078, respectively. Therefore, the results indicated the decisive role of theory of mind and emotional intelligence in predicting cold executive functions (cognitive flexibility and response inhibition). Finally, considering the relationship between theory of mind, emotional intelligence, cognitive flexibility and response inhibition, by increasing theory of mind and emotional intelligence, it is possible to help improve the components of executive functions.

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