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Javid Bahrami, Davoud Daneshjafari, Mohamad Sayadi, Pegah Pasha,
Volume 9, Issue 33 (10-2018)

Oil Revenue Management (ORM) has always been one of the key challenges facing the oil rich developing countries. In this regard, the main objective of this paper is to provide a dynamic macroeconometric model adapted to the state of the Iranian economy. Also, the assessment of the dynamics of the National Development Fund (NDF) and its impact on macroeconomic variables are discussed. The results of the study, based on the out of sample and the four scenarios (the existence and absence of the NDF, the change in the share of the fund from oil revenues, the Fund's floating share of oil revenues, and the scenario of the fund exposure with temporary and permanent oil shocks) indicate that, The creation of a NDF in the short term will not improve the situation of macroeconomic variables, and the positive effects of such a policy will appear in the long run. The reason for this the private sector investment was time consuming and, consequently, the increase in non-oil sector production in the economy. Nevertheless, it is possible in the short term that by designing foreign exchange or budgetary policies, the initial downturn in the level of economic activity may be reduced by the stablization of the fund. Moreover, as in the mechanism of the fund, the floating share of oil revenues (adopting an anticyclical policy in allocating oil revenues to the fund) will help to reduce the negative consequences of shocks in the short run, because the lowest initial inflationary pressures, fluctuations in exchange rates and the net debt of the public sector occurs under this scenario.

Mohammad Sayadi, Nasim Karimi,
Volume 10, Issue 38 (12-2019)

The main objective of this study is modeling the dependency structure between the returns of oil markets, exchange rate and stocks of chemical products in Iran. For this purpose, the theory of Vine Copula functions is used to investigate the dependency structure. In addition to consider a linear relationship between financial markets in Iran, the nonlinear dependency structure of these markets is also estimated, and their dependence on their upper or lower tails is determined. The study period includes daily data (5 working days) from December 2008 to July 2017. Modeling of marginal distributions of GJR-GARCH models has been used. Then, using the Copula-GARCH approach, the structure of dependency between returns and the calculating of the Value at Risk (VaR) of crude oil, exchange rate and stock of the chemical product group returns have been investigated. Finally, the required back-test is performed on the basis of the loss function. The study findings show that both pairs of modeling returns are related to the same upper and lower tails. In addition, there is a same structural dependency on the distribution of the vine copula between the indexes of chemical products and the nominal exchange rate on the condition of the price of crude oil, which indicates the spillover between markets. Due to that spillover effect is the main source of financial risk, the structural dependence on the basis of vine copula functions makes accurate and reliable calculation of portfolio risk based on the VaR criterion.

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