Volume 19, Issue 53 (7-2019)                   jgs 2019, 19(53): 1-18 | Back to browse issues page

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yarahmadi E, karampoor M, ghaemi H, moradi M, nasiri B. Statistical analyzes and anomalies of precipitation in cold period in order to understand the effect of climate change on different regions of Iran (1951-2010). jgs 2019; 19 (53) :1-18
URL: http://jgs.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3064-en.html
1- lorestan university
2- lorestan university , karampoor.m@lu.ac.ir
3- Atmospheric science & meteorological research center
Abstract:   (4886 Views)
Investigating of rainfall behavior in the spatial-temporal dimension and determining the tolerance thresholds of different geographical areas with respect to vegetation, animal life and human activities, is essential for any decision in the environment. Therefore, precipitation data of 27 stations were received from the Meteorological Organization during the 60-year period and After the data were evaluated qualitatively, The distribution of temporal and spatial mean, coefficient of variation, skewness and probability distribution of 20% maximum and minimum monthly and seasonal autumn and winter, for a period of 60 years (1951-2010), two 30-year periods (1980-1951), (1981- 2010) and two 10-year periods (2010-2001), (1951-1960) were calculated  and were zoned using GIS. Studies show, except on the shores of the Caspian Sea, there is little change between autumn and winter patterns. The average rainfall of the southern shores of the Caspian Sea has decreased to the west and east. in other areas of the country, the spatial and temporal variations of rainfall in the autumn are very highand from the north to the south, the mean decreases and the coefficient of variation and skewness increase. In winter, maintaining the pattern of autumn, the average precipitation increases and the coefficient of variation decreases. The average precipitation of 30 years and 10 years of the second winter season, compared to the first 30 years and 10 years, and also the 60 year period, has decreased in most stations, which is consistent with the results of the Mannkundal test. Analysis and review of the 20% minimum and maximum seasonal rainfall show that the intensity and range of performance of winter precipitation systems in the second 30 years have decreased. Also, the frequency and severity of drought in the autumn season have increased in the second 30 years and in the last 10 years. The highest decline occurred in the western and eastern parts of the Caspian coast and in the northwest, which requires special attention to managers in light of the areas of activity and concentration of the population.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: climatology
Received: 2018/01/23 | Accepted: 2018/07/12

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