Volume 24, Issue 72 (6-2024)                   jgs 2024, 24(72): 379-399 | Back to browse issues page

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soleymani Z, ghasemi M. Identifying and Analyzing the Impacts of Return Migration on the Reconstruction of Rural Settlements (Case Study: Neyshabour County). jgs 2024; 24 (72) : 21
URL: http://jgs.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3537-en.html
1- PhD Candidate, Geography and Rural Planning, Dr. Shariati Faculty of Letters Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Dr. Shariati Faculty of Letters Humanities, Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. , magh30@ferdowsi.um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (942 Views)
Return migration is a reaction to the attractiveness of rural areas. This type of migration can have many and varied effects on rural area reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the effects of return migration on the reconstruction of rural settlements in Neyshabur. The research method is descriptive-analytic and a questionnaire based.  In this study, 37 villages in Neyshabur that had returning migrants were surveyed. And 55 effects of returning migrants on rural areas reconstruction were identified, that the Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.942 indicates the optimal reliability of the research instrument. The indices were evaluated under three social dimensions with 18 indices (α = 0.925), economic with 21 indices (α = 0.891) and physical-environmental with 16 indices (α = 0.852). Exploratory factor analysis was used because t-test showed that there isn't significant difference between the three dimensions except social dimension. The results showed that 55 effects identified return migration can be classified as 14 main effects with 78.79% variance.  Accordingly, 1- increasing cohesion and solidarity among residents with 25.21% of variance, 2- improving service and welfare infrastructure with10.52% of variance, 3- boosting rural economy with7% of variance, 4- activating of capacities with 5.4% of variance, 5- developing Non-farming activities with 5% variance are the most important effects of return migration on the reconstruction of rural settlements.
Article number: 21
Full-Text [PDF 1137 kb]   (91 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Geography and Rural Planning
Received: 2019/09/12 | Accepted: 2021/06/20

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