Volume 24, Issue 72 (6-2024)                   jgs 2024, 24(72): 471-486 | Back to browse issues page

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nasiri D, borna R, Zohourian Pordel M. Detection of the effect of cloud microphysical structure on precipitation in Khuzestan province using MODIS cloud products. jgs 2024; 24 (72) : 25
URL: http://jgs.khu.ac.ir/article-1-4149-en.html
1- Climatology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Geography, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran , rborna22@gmail.com
3- Department of Geography, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (1859 Views)
Knowledge of supernatural microphysical properties and revealing its relationship with the spatial temporal distribution of precipitation can significantly increase the accuracy of precipitation predictions. The main purpose of this study is to reveal the relationship between the Cloud microphysical structure and the distribution of precipitation in Khuzestan province. In this regard, first 3 inclusive rainfall events in Khuzestan province were selected and their 24-hour cumulative rainfall values were obtained. The rainfall event of 17December2006, was selected as a sample of heavy rainfall, 25 March 2019, as a medium rainfall case, and finally 27 October 2018, as a light rainfall case. Microphysical factors of clouds producing these precipitations were obtained from MODIS (MOD06) cloud product. These factors included temperature, pressure, and cloud top height, optical thickness, and cloud fraction. Finally, by generating a matrix with 64000 information codes, and performing spatial correlation analysis at a confidence level of 0.95, the relationship between the Cloud microphysical structure and the spatial values and distribution of selected precipitates was revealed. The results showed that in the case study of heavy and medium rainfall, the spatial average of 24-hour cumulative rainfall in the province was 36 and 12 mm, respectively. A fully developed cloud structure with a cloud ratio of more than 75% and a vertical expansion of 6 to 9 thousand meters, with an optical thickness of 40 to 50, has led to the occurrence of these widespread and significant rainfall in the province. While in the case of light rain, a significant discontinuation was seen in the horizontal expansion of the cloud cover in the province and the cloud cover percentage was less than 10%. In addition, the factors related to the vertical expansion of the cloud were much lower, so that the height of the cloud peak in this rainfall was between 3 to 5 thousand meters. The results of this study showed that in heavy and medium rainfall cases, a significant spatial correlation was observed at a confidence level of 0.95 between MOD06 Cloud microphysical factors and recorded precipitation values, while no significant spatial correlation was observed in light rainfall case.
Article number: 25
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: climatology
Received: 2022/05/19 | Accepted: 2022/10/12

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