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Dr Ali Movahed, Dr Ali Shamai, Mis Mahnaz Bahmani,
Volume 21, Issue 60 (3-2021)

Leisure is an integral part of everyday life in today's world. Today, leisure is a new social arena in which various factors influence. Understanding these factors and examining their role and their impact on active (external) and inactive (external) leisure has been a major part of proper city management since this day. Therefore, in this study, using exploratory method, we sought to identify the factors affecting leisure time in district 22 of Tehran. This is a cross-sectional, applied research. The method of data collection is survey and its tool is a questionnaire. This study, using inferential statistical methods and SPSS software and statistical analysis such as correlation, regression and t-test, attempted to analyze the relationship between independent research variables (functional, security, aesthetic, transportation, economic, biological). Environment and infrastructure facilities) and the dependent variable (active and inactive leisure time), to identify the maximum impact and the least impact of the variables. The results showed that the effect and correlation of factors on leisure time (active and inactive) were different. In other words, indoor or passive leisure time is less affected by the external environment and context. But on the other hand, leisure time active or foreign in the 22nd district of Tehran is strongly influenced by background conditions and the external environment. Aesthetic variables and infrastructure facilities have the highest relationship with active leisure time and economic, performance and economic components have the least impact. In the passive leisure time, most of the impact factor is related to infrastructure and least to economic component.

Afshin Bahmani, Mojtaba Ghadirimasoom, Mahdi Hajiloo, Farideh Azimi, Mahdieh Ghadirimasoom,
Volume 21, Issue 63 (12-2021)

Today, agricultural tourism or agritourism is emphasized by focusing on a farm or agricultural business as a tourist destination with the goal of educational, recreational and job creation in rural areas. This type of tourism is a stimulus for the vulnerable rural economy and the needs of citizens who pay for their visits to or participation in farm activities, the direct purchase of agricultural products, and the familiarization with nature and indigenous people, which contribute to economic prosperity, job creation and prosperity. Villages will be. In the present study, its nature is applied and its method is descriptive-analytical, the explanation and identification of the factors affecting the development of rural tourism in rural areas is the goal of the research. The statistical population of the study consisted of three groups of officials and experts, locals and tourists. For each group, according to the Cochran formula, 34, 261 and 20 subjects were selected. The main focus of the data on the field method was collected through face-to-face questionnaires and interviews. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics methods such as mean and frequency and inferential statistics methods such as one-sample t-test, Chi-square and Chi-square, and Kruskal-Wallis were used. The findings show that factors such as housing provision for tourists, government incentive schemes, coordination between government agencies, awareness of farmers, and setting up private sector investment with a significant level of 0.30 and a positive amount of chi-square are the most important priorities. Effective in developing agricultural tourism in rural areas of Tehran province.

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