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Showing 8 results for Entezari

Monireh Rodsarabi, Mohammad Baaghideh, Dr Alireza Entezari, Fatemeh Mayvaneh,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)

In order to evaluate the thermal comfort conditions in the classroom, a field study was conducted in Sabzevar. Students' thermal sensations of class conditions were recorded at different hours of the day during the 2009-2010 academic year for different classes. At the same time, the temperature and humidity values of the classes were collected by a Data logger. To examine the differences, ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis methods were used. The results showed that the location of the classrooms in terms of geographical direction and building floor did not make a significant difference in the temperature and humidity, while the hourly differences of these parameters were significant.
In general, the responses related to the sensation of cooling had higher percentages than the state of heating (24% vs. 12%).
The thermal sensation in different months showed significant differences and the month of October had the lowest frequency in the feeling related to thermal comfort. In all months, except for October, the students' preferred was "heating". Although the performance of the heating system has been assessed as adequate, the operation time of this system should be done at a shorter distance from the start of morning classes to avoid wasting a significant portion of energy.
Although the temperature and humidity inside the classrooms did not show a significant monthly difference, but in terms of students' thermal sensation between different months, there was a statistically significant difference, therefore, the thermal sensation is something beyond physical characteristics (temperature and humidity) and In addition to being affected by climatic parameters, it is also strongly influenced by individual characteristics (sex, age, weight, height, clothing and activity level).

Alireza Entezari, Fatemeh Mayvaneh, Khosro Rezaie, Fatemeh Rahimi,
Volume 18, Issue 51 (7-2018)

Human thermal comfort and discomfort of many experimental and theoretical indices are calculated using the input data the indicator of climatic elements are such as wind speed, temperature, humidity, solar radiation, etc. The daily data of temperature، wind speed، relative humidity، and cloudiness between the years 1382-1392 were used. In the First step، Tmrt parameter was calculated in the Ray Man software environment. Then UTCI and PMV index values were calculated using Bioklima software. The results showed that the most severe cold temperature stress on PMV index is in the winter and late autumn and UTCI index in January and February are the coldest stress. The power of neural networks, prediction of future performance network (generalized orientation) it simply is not possible and the new model presented in this paper have been restricted Boltzmann machine-based neural networks or neural networks is used deep belief. Using this structure, metrics Mean Squared Error (MSE) and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) benchmark ate for seven indexes derived from data gathered by three factors related to the occurrence of weather conditions and other indicators of thermal comfort of human the system was evaluated. Assessment by dividing the data into training and testing parts, and the ratios have been of two-thirds, fifty percent and one-third And two benchmark MSE and MAPE were calculated. The proposed system performance in forecasting the human thermal comfort is desirable.

Alireza Entezari, Fatemeh Mayvaneh, Froogh Khazaeenejad,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)

The purpose of this research is to study the comfort conditions and determine the best measures for design and architecture compatible with the climate in Yazd. In this regard, the climatic data of Yazd city has been used in EPW format during the period (1981-2017). The results of the study of temperature and relative humidity also showed that temperatures of more than 38 ° C are visible in June and July. This suggests the need for a shadow in the architecture of the climate. In July, the discomfort conditions prevail over the entire day. From June to October (midday to midnight), midnight hours due to low humidity (38%) and high temperatures, conditions of discomfort and drought are very visible. The highest humidity is in the cold months of the year. In the wind hours of February to May (February to April), there is a discomfort. Also, according to the overall radiation pattern at different hours of the day, it was also shown that 25% of the daylight hours is very high and non-comfort, and 8% are in comfort conditions, which is more related to the cold weather of the year and the early hours And the end of the day. In general, due to the climate of Yazd city and the results of analysis, 20 strategies for architectural design have been used.
In general, due to the climate of Yazd city and the results of analysis, 20 strategies for architectural design have been used.
Mrs Fatemeh Khodadadi, Dr Mojgan Entezari, Dr Farzaneh Sasanpour,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)

Today, in view of the growing population and population density in urban areas, especially in densely populated and susceptible cities, the need for an inclusive and comprehensive approach to natural disasters and disasters caused by their occurrence has become more evident . Focusing more than the size of the population in specific urban areas, lack of preventive planning and lack of readiness to deal with accidents such as earthquakes, is a very serious and important threat to citizens and the survival of the city. The capital city of Karaj, as one of the major cities in Iran, has a high risk of earthquakes due to the presence of several active faults inside and outside it. Accordingly, investigations of the seismic vulnerability of this city are one of the necessities of Karaj city management. Regarding this, the metropolis of karaj was selected as the study area. The method of research and analysis of information collected based on database-based methods using the ELECTRE FUZZY model and Criteria for building materials, number of floors, quality of buildings, population density, building density, area of parts, width of passageways, geology, distance from faults, distance from medical centers, distance from public space, distance from urban facilities and travel compatibility for research purposes Were used. The results indicate that 6, 8, 1, and 7 areas of Karaj municipality are vulnerable to earthquake, so that more than 70 percent of Karaj city is vulnerable to earthquake vulnerability on low and low floors and Only about 20% of the city of Karaj due to its proximity to the fault and the high density of population, construction and ... is in high and high risk areas. According to the principles of urban planning, the regulations of 2800 can cover earthquake damage in these areas.

Mrs Elaheh Asgari, Dr Mohammad Baaghideh, Dr Majid Hosseini, Dr Alireza Entezari, Dr Asghar Kamyar,
Volume 21, Issue 63 (2-2022)

Understanding the main components of the watershed water basin and analyzing their hydrologic behavior are among the key components of any planning and management procedures in the field of water resources engineering. Today, the need to use modern technologies in hydrological modeling of watersheds has been discussed more than before. The purpose of this study is the simulation of hydrological components in various land use categories in the catchment area of the Dez river basin. Since the tool used in the research is the SWAT model and the SUFI-2 algorithm, the database used include a range of input data. In order to determine the level of sensitivity of the model to the input parameters, global sensitivity analysis was performed. Then, by adjusting the selected parameters and using the observation current, the model was calibrated and validated for the periods 2007 - 1994 and 2013 - 2008, respectively. The coefficients of NS, R2, P-factor and R-factor confirmed the model's ability to simulate river flow in the studied basin. The results of the model showed that the areas with forest use share the highest contribution to aquifer nutrition, and the barren lands have the highest surface runoff. Surface runoff has the leading role in creating the main stream of the river and after that the main flow has been effective in this area. The forest use change to Agricultural lands and pasture will change the hydrological parameters of the basin, and the result of these changes will lead to the increase in the surface runoff, the reduction of nutrition of groundwater resources and the reduction of river basin water. The SWAT model can be used as a precursor model in watershed management studies.

Neamatallah Safarzaei, Alireza Entezari, Mokhtar Karami, Gholamali Khammar,
Volume 22, Issue 66 (10-2022)

Today climate change cause increase in concentration of greenhouse gases has been cause increase extreme events and atmospheric hazards. goal of this research, analyze and review climate future is for atmospheric hazards in sistan region. In this study, to simulate minimum and maximum temperature data used from model data CanESM2 under three scenarios (RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP8.5) with SDSM statistical scrolling and to simulate rainfall data from the Hadcm3 model under scenarios (A1B, A2, B1) with statistical scrolling LARS-WG. For this purpose, after calibration, validation and data modeling at the selected station, the performance of the model from the viewpoint of the compliance of the base temperature data (1984-2005) and rainfall (1986-2015) with simulation values (2020-2039) evaluated at a significant level of confidence. To adapt base data to simulated data Used of the three criteria root mean square error (RMSE), coefficient of determination (R2) and mean squared error (MSE). According to simulated data were examined four important atmospheric hazard frost, heat waves, extreme precipitation and drought. The results showed that heat waves and drought in the future are serious threats in the region So that in 2021, under release scenario RCP 2.6, Predicted 32 heat waves and the study area will experience more than five heat waves in the year. In addition, most frequent drought forecast in 2020, under release scenario A1B. Extreme precipitation in some years under scenario B1 can be significant threat in the region. Intensity and abundance annual frost under release scenario RCP2.6 more than other scenarios and lower relative to investigated atmospheric threats.

Ms Mehdi Kashefi, Dr Mojgan Entezari, Dr Maryam Jafari Aghdam,
Volume 22, Issue 67 (12-2022)

vulnerability is considered as an inherent talent of underground water system that depending on the sensitivity of the system to anthropogenic effects. Natural vulnerability is based on the geomorphologic features of surface karst, type and level of aquifer recharge and hydrodynamic aquifer karstic aquifer in Fars province is the most important source of water supply for the supplement of drinking water of communities in the province, which are prone to pollution due to the natural conditions of the region and human activities. karstic aquifer of Shispir and Borghan plays a vital role in supplying drinking and agricultural water around them. The aim of this study is to estimate the natural vulnerability karstic aquifer of Shispir and Borghan using the proposed model of Cast action 620, and prioritize the level of aquifer in the field of conservation measures and provide management solutions in order to better protect them in this model. To prepare a natural vulnerability map are used geological maps, soil, vegetation, digital elevation model (10 meter) and precipitation statistics of meteorological stations and vulnerability map is evaluated as three factors of C, O, p. In the end, the region in terms of damage in five levels was classified in very high, high, low, low and very. The results of the COP model show the natural vulnerability of the region is high. In addition, the amount of vulnerability in the two upper and upper floors of this region is about 47 % where is the highest coverage area of that region of Shisper aquifer. The results of this study show the efficiency of the proposed methods by Cast Action 620 to detect and protection of groundwater resources from vulnerabilities and natural pollution.

Miss Motahhareh Zargari, Dr Mahdi Boroughani, Dr Alireza Entezari, Dr Abbas Mofidi, Dr Mohammad Baaghideh,
Volume 24, Issue 72 (6-2024)

The aim of the present study is to dynamically model the spatial-temporal characteristics of dust in the south and southeast of Iran with REG-CM4 model using monthly dust data and RegCM4 data. For this purpose, the dust distribution of the IDW method along with the dust diagrams were plotted. The RegCM4 model was implemented with the paired Lambert image imaging system for 40 km horizontal separation with the paired chemistry model. The location of monthly and annual dust distribution shows the highest amounts of dust for the cities of Zabol, Bandar Abbas, Zahedan and Jask compared to Sirjan, Kahnooj and Lar stations. The highest frequency of dust in Sistan and Baluchestan (48%), Hormozgan (27%) and Fars provinces with 16% and the lowest frequency for Kerman province (9%). In general, the summer seasons (at Sistan station) and the winter (Kerman station) have the highest and minimum dust events, respectively. The time survey also has the highest amount of dust for the warm months of the year and the lowest for the cold months of the year. July at Zabol station and November and December at Sirjan station have the highest and lowest dust levels, respectively. The RegCM4 climate model also shows maximum dust on the southeast, south and south coasts for different variables.

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