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Mrs Azam Abbaspour, Dr Iraj Ietessam, Dr Hamid Majedi, Dr Azade Shahcheragi,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)

In todaychr('39')s world, housing and shelter have overshadowed many aspects of human life. Providing adequate housing, especially for low-income urban groups, is one of the most important issues and challenges facing all countries. The desirability of the environment of residential complexes built for low-income groups has always been a challenging issue. In the programs and plans prepared for these groups, due to the huge flood of applicants and also the limited resources and credits, quantitative goals have often been pursued and qualitative goals have been abandoned. A study of the housing pattern of this group in cities shows that attention and application of effective indicators of housing sustainability is one of the categories that should be considered in the process of housing planning. This article, with the aim of analyzing the factors affecting the housing survival of low-income groups, has reviewed the theoretical literature and tested research hypotheses. The statistical population of the study is the residents of Mehr dwelling in Sirjan. After distributing the questionnaire, data analysis was used at two levels of descriptive and inferential statistics. The validity of the structure was confirmed by factor analysis. The reliability of the instrument was also calculated using Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient test of o.7. Data analysis was performed from Sstructural Equation Modeling using Smart PLS software. Findings indicate the relationship between quantitative and qualitative indicators of housing on durability. Quality index with cultural and social criteria and components such as security, privacy, sense of place, user participation has the greatest impact on Durability of low-income housing in Sirjan.

Dr Ali Asgharzadeh, Dr Seyed Gholamreza Islami, Dr Iraj Etessam,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)

Earthquake and its related phenomenon are often considered as the causes of instability and disorder in engineering and architecture, and have resulted in the destruction of many buildings and urban fabric. Despite this, by changing our attitude to earthquake: by redefining it from problem to potential and from chaos to complex organization, a different layer of this phenomenon can become evident. Earthquake and fault lines can be considered as an organizing factor, which play an important but hidden role in the geography of habitation, e.g. settlement location, urban spatial network, urban development and spatial-structural network of buildings. This article adopts a holistic approach and quantitative-qualitative methodology to identify the role of self-awareness and mental imaging in the complex system of earthquake-qanat-city and its effects on urbanism and architecture in different scales, which has resulted in an earthquake compatible architecture in different periods in the history of Iran and in some contemporary examples too.

Minoo Lafaffchi, Mozayan Dehbashi Sharif, Iraj Etessam,
Volume 21, Issue 63 (12-2021)

In the contemporary century, with increasing development of technology, one of the challenges of contemporary architecture is to find its relationship with the culture. New technologies from industrialized countries with developmental goals are imported in an uncontrolled process. In contemporary Iranian architecture, technology has had a serious presence in various fields. The main purpose of the research was to investigate the cultural transformation of contemporary buildings in Tehran according to the application of technology. Due to the variety of types of use, this study focused on official complex compared to the two periods before and after the Islamic Revolution.The research method used in this research is combined (quantitative-qualitative). First, the components of technology and culture in accordance with contemporary architecture in the office buildings of Tehran have been developed by qualitative research method, then by quantitative research method, the relationship between key factors involved and the share of each component has been investigated. To examine the hypothesis, the relationship of three variables of culture, technology and architecture has been identified. In this study, cultural developments have been evaluated in two dimensions: mental and objective components. The results show that the effects of metamorphosis have had the greatest impact on the objective components of culture, including individual and social strata.Finally, the issue of technology application in contemporary office buildings in Tehran with a culture-based approach has been proposed in the form of a strategic model that will lead to the correct application of technology in office buildings in Tehran.

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