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Hassan Mahmoudzadeh, Mahdi Herischian,
Volume 21, Issue 60 (3-2021)

The occurrence of unplanned accidents is a global issue, and lack of preparedness and resilience in this area can lead to significant losses. Therefore, restitution is an important way to strengthen urban communities by utilizing their capacity. In this regard, the main objective of this research is to investigate the difference in the level of resilience indices in the three districts of a metropolitan area of ​​Tabriz. This research is in terms of the type of the target and the method is descriptive of survey type. The required data were collected using library studies and field surveys at the household level. The statistical population of the households in region 1 of Tabriz Metropolitan is estimated to be 382 families according to the Cochran formula. After data collection, the analysis of the difference in resilience with ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test were analyzed. The results of the research show that there is a difference between the regions in terms of the resiliency indicators. So that the least amount of resilience with an average of 173/46 was allocated to households in area one and the largest with average of 252/61, to the area of ​​three regions of a metropolis of Tabriz. On the other hand, the results of the two-to-two-region comparison show that the mean of zone A alleviation in comparison with the two and three regions was 34/931 and 79/157, respectively, and the resilience of the region of two in Comparison with area 3 is 44/226 times lower than that, but the resilience of area 3 compared to the other two regions is 79/157, 44/226 times more. In the following, suggestions for improving the resilience of the study area are presented.

Dr Tala Hussein, Dr Amir Mahmoudzadeh, Dr Keramatollah Ziyari,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)

Tehran metropolitan authorities have always tried to develop the most efficient model for managing Tehran metropolitan affairs. Currently, the Tehran city management model is the council-city model, according to which people elect the members of the city council by direct vote, and the Tehran City Council elects the mayor. Over the past years, and considering that the institutions and organizations in charge of managing and providing urban services have in some cases suffered from parallel work or even inconsistencies in tasks, there is a need to develop a model for integrated urban management. In this article, descriptive-analytical method has been used. This article is practical in terms of the purpose of the study. The purpose of this article is to achieve a model for integrated management of Tehran metropolis. The statistical population of this study is Tehran urban management experts for which 34 people were selected as a sample. The data collection tools of this research are interviews and questionnaires and the data have been analyzed using paired comparison and TOPSIS methods. As a result of this research, according to the identified challenges and using TOPSIS method, the efficiency of the developed research model (with the proposed name of service desk) compared to the current model of Tehran urban management has been confirmed. Also, the most important result obtained from comparative studies is that in the studied metropolises, all matters of governance and urban management are always under the command of one institution and parallel work has been avoided, which should also be considered in Tehran.

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