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Miss Ensie Goharinasab, Dr Hossein Zabihi, Dr Shirin Toghyani,
Volume 19, Issue 54 (12-2019)

Today, due to the transformation of the form of life and the proliferation of quantitative, gradually the qualitative and semantic concepts of the spirit of neighborhood in the minds of residents are dimmed. Factors such as immigration, Changes in the social composition of the population, Continuity of residence and persistence in neighborhoods have diminished. With the lack of infrastructure refinement, due to the lack of local community in the process of identifying problems and accurately measuring their needs, has led to a sharp divide between the efficiency of the neighborhoods and the needs of the inhabitants of the establishment and the neighborhoods have led to inefficiencies. While some modern neighborhoods are planned in a short time. On the contrary, the process is moving traditional neighborhoods. The main question is that the standards of a lasting Iranian neighborhood are up to date, from the point of view of the main inhabitants? The purpose of this paper is to answer the question that, What are the criterias of Up-to-date of persistent Iranian neighborhood, from the perspective of the main inhabitants? This analytical-qualitative study uses the Grounded theory method, Purposeful sampling of 5 neighborhoods with the statistical population is 86 people (until theoretical saturation) from the main residents. By means of position analysis, the final criteria were fixed. The parameters of security, sense of place, social status, spirituality and modern technology are one of the most important criteria for the survival of residents. The results show that the neighborhood, from the point of view of the inhabitants, goes beyond the broad concepts of elitist rigidity, more often than not, in simple mental and intriguing indicators, which require the recognition of the social reality of the people and the real needs of their daily lives with the collaborative interactive planning approach The dialectical relationship is between the opinion of experts and the views of residents in order to refine and update the neighborhood. The manifestation of the concept of Persistent Iranian Neighborhood is updated on the basis of principles: efficiency, persistence, dynamism and continuity in the form of conceptual model.

Newsha Akbari, Alireza Andalib, Shirin Toghyani, Mahmood Mohamadi,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)

 The purpose of the present study was to identify legal challenges to the implementation of regeneretional goals in areas of  urban decay, including those that were selected as pilot sites for the implementation of regeneretional goals after the recent laws on regeneretion. In order to investigate the challenges of implementing regeneretional goals, first the theoretical basis of the research is formulated the necessary process in urban decay legislation, then a questionnaire based on the necessary indices in each dimension and based on the opinions of 50 experts from the Organization for Development. Reproductive Company and Friedman's one-sample t-test and analysis of the effect of different dimensions on the realization of regeneretional goals in the laws and by developing the desirable criteria of legal goals based on the views of the professors and Delphi method, content validity of the later rules. The results indicate that measures taken by the redevelopment laws in the Sirus neighborhood have indirectly driven groups of residents to the outskirts of the city. This challenge stems from the imbalance between property rights and citizenship rights and the public interest. The emphasis on land acquisition and liberalization and the implementation of regeneretion projects have neglected the provision of public and collective benefits and created challenges in other social, economic and managerial dimensions, and the failure to achieve regeneretion goals. Therefore, by presenting strategies to strengthen the theoretical and fundamental dimension of the subject of civil rights, the research aims to provide the necessary framework for reforming the legislative process and providing a platform for the implementation of regeneretional goals.

Mr Mahdi Moharreri, D.r Mohammad Naghizade, D.r Fereshte Ahmadi, D.r Shirin Toghyani,
Volume 21, Issue 63 (2-2022)

One of the issues facing today's cities in Iran is the issue of maintaining and upgrading existing streets. The way of managing theses streets and dealing with them has caused various problems in different aspects of cities. The purpose of this research is investigating the principles of maintenance and promotion of urban streets with a focus on Islamic teachings and Iranian culture. This research also explains some ways to improve the quality of urban streets using Islamic teachings and Iranian culture. Gathering information was done through observation, field study and documentary studies. Using content analysis methods, documenting and graphical analysis, information and data were analyzed. The quality of the cities depends on the quality of the streets and the quality of the streets is also based on the details of the streets. After designing and constructing urban streets, they need attention, maintenance and promotion in order to be always attractive and desirable for citizens. The results of this study indicate neglecting the indigenous material, art, culture, religion, needs and interests of citizens which has led to the construction of unqualified urban spaces in the metropolitan areas of today's Iranian cities. This research did not seek to provide a template for urban streets designing, but it is in direction of developing principles of planning and designing urban streets based on Islamic teachings and Iranian culture. In addition to having appearances according to Islamic teachings and Iranian culture, desirable street for Iranian citizens should also be Islamic and Iranian internally. With Just the correctness of appearances it can be said that only hypocrisy is obtained, but with internal reforming, honesty can be created in urban spaces.
Mr. Ehsan Amini, Dr. Shirin Toghyani, Dr. Amirhosein Shabani,
Volume 23, Issue 68 (4-2023)

Today, the number of elderly people is increasing due to various factors such as changing life expectancy and population distribution. On the other hand, this period of life requires special needs such as care and health to other external and environmental factors. The social phenomenon of the city is not separate from this population group, ie the elderly, and urban planners using environmental theories can take steps to improve the use of the elderly in the city and its public spaces. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to explain the components of the elderly-friendly city with an environmental psychology approach in the eight cities of Shiraz. After identifying the characteristics to obtain the required information using a questionnaire tool that Cochran's method was used to determine the sample and GIS data were generated using Moran analysis of the desired layers and then using hierarchical analysis and Hot spot analysis of overlapping criteria was performed using fuzzy functions and urban spaces needed by the elderly were identified. Then, by confirming the hypotheses in this field that attention to social components along with components of spatial structure can be appropriate to improve the urban environment, suggestions in this area from attention to access and public transportation to creating an environment Elderly entertainment was provided.

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