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Showing 11 results for motamedi

Hamid Salehi, Mohammad Motamedi, Ezatollah Mafi,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)

Based on climatic model simulations, global temperatures can be expected to rise by 1 to 5.5 degrees Celsius by 2100. Given the consequences of climate change, recognizing this phenomenon is important in order to have a specific strategy to reduce its effects. In order to study the trend of climate change using Kendall Mann method was evaluated and according to the selected criteria affecting green space and weighting by AHP method, green space adaptation index for Sabzevar city until 2040 was calculated. Changes in urban green space were assessed using satellite imagery and the NDVI index. The decrease in the area of ​​green space along with the expansion of the urban area in the period under study is clearly visible (during the statistical period under study, which corresponds to the historical period of climate models and observational data of Sabzevar). This study also shows that the increase in temperature in the next decade (2030-2021) will continue with greater intensity. In the next step, the per capita urban green space was calculated. According to the results of studying climate data, creating green space in proportion to climate change can play an effective role in adapting the city of Sabzevar to climate change. The use of climate-friendly green space and its changes will reduce greenhouse gases and provide a more suitable climate for humans and their activities. Due to the horizontal growth of the city and the rate of population growth, the amount of adaptation will decrease from 0.48 (in the basic period) to 0.32 in the period 2030-2021. A total of 15 indicators in four cultural, managerial, technological, ecological and plant criteria or each other in ArcGIS software were combined based on the coefficients of importance obtained by experts in the Expert Choice software
Mohammad Motamedi, Seyedhassan Rasouli, Mohammad Nasiri,
Volume 19, Issue 55 (12-2019)

In public organizations such as municipalities, the design and deployment of a performance and control assessment system can lead to the proper management of urban managers on the road to achieving goals, tasks, strategies and development plans and urban development, in accordance with the quality, cost and time desired. Therefore, this article attempts to study the satisfaction of urban performance in urban services by using the views of citizens of the city of Farouj. For this assessment, using theoretical studies, 21 types of urban services were selected in three sections: Technical, Public and Cultural Services. At the next stage, the questionnaire was designed based on these services. Then, 400 questionnaires were distributed among the citizens of the case study city. In the next step, 380 questionnaires were completely and correctly collected and entered into SPSS software. Finally, the results of the study were analyzed by statistical tests. The results of the research indicate that the average satisfaction rate of public services in the city of Farouj is 3.53, which can be said that the level of citizens' compliance with this service is in the middle level. The average satisfaction rate of technical services in the city of Farouj has been calculated to be 3.31, and the average satisfaction rate of cultural services in city of Farouj has been calculated to be equal to 3.5. The results of statistical analysis indicate that the level of significance is more than 0.05 in relation to four of the urban services. This means that in terms of the services of sports spaces, the collection and disposal of surface water, the quality of leisure travelers and the respect of the clients, the level of satisfaction of citizens is equal to the average. In relation to two indicators of pedestrian quality and public participation, the mean difference with the statistical test was calculated to be 0.16 and -0.19 respectively, which indicates that the satisfaction of these services is lower than the limit on average. In other indicators, citizens' satisfaction is above average

Mohammad Motamedi, Mohammad Gharavi,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)

Cities are dramatically turning into complex social, economic, and environmental systems. Each urban system is vulnerable when it can not adapt to its changing conditions and critical situations. Therefore, in recent decades, natural disaster response approaches have introduced a new concept of urban resilience to prepare for disaster as much as possible. Is. Despite the recent attention and the abundant use of the concept of resilience in different areas of theoretical and practical limitations of this concept, this study aims to explain the causal pattern of resilience of cities. The present research is based on the descriptive-causal methodology. The statistical sample of the study was compiled by 35 experts and specialists in urban planning. Fuzzy Dumbled Fan was used to achieve the research goal. The findings of this study showed that based on the values ​​of D-R, among the four metrics of urban resilience, the physical criterion with the value (0.943) was the most effective measure of resilience in the city. Also, based on the D + R values, the physical criterion with the value of (896/2) was identified as the most important resiliency criterion in the city.

Mohammad Motamedi,
Volume 20, Issue 58 (10-2020)

One of the main tasks of urban and regional planners is the allocation of land to various urban uses, taking into account the role and function of the city, the city's economy, as well as the impact of interoperability of the users on each other. The topic of optimal location of therapeutic use is considered with consideration of effective parameters and factors in this research. According to the current situation in Shirvan, there are 3 clinics in Shirvan that their distribution and location seems to be inappropriate. Therefore, for prospective plans and according to the horizontal development of the city, assessment of these bases it is also a good idea to suggest places to establish clinics. This research is aimed at finding optimal location of clinics in Shirvan city by providing appropriate model. The research method is descriptive-analytical. In the first stage, identification and investigation of the effective factors on site selection of databases was investigated. Then using Arc GIS software, after completing the data gathering steps, preparing information layers, classifying and evaluating the layers, and weighing and overlapping the information layers were designed to prioritize the lands of the city of Shirvan for the establishment of clinics. The results showed that the clinics focus on the eastern side of the city, and central and western parts of the city are severely restricted in terms of access to clinics, and the population of 83,000 people in the city is only 28136 people in The standard radius of clinics is standard; in other words, about 75% of the population of the city is outside the standard radius of clinics and the radius of access to clinics is not suitable for citizens of the city. The city of Shirvan needs another hospital that is located in a location on the western side of the city.

Javad Sadidi, Sabah Motamedi, Dr. Hani Rezayan,
Volume 21, Issue 60 (3-2021)

Complexity of multi dimension developments and infrastructures intensifies the land related challenges to adopt legal laws, restrictions and responsibilities.  Although, multi dimension estates have been registering for many years, as the complexity of the estates are increased, disadvantages of the 2D cadaster is more appeared. Hence, the 3D cadaster has been a necessity for sustainable development. Visualizing is one of the important components of 3D cadaster. In the current research, for efficient and effective visualization of land ownerships and their related 3D information, firstly, the needed essentials of cadaster visualization systems have been classified into 3 groups including: cadaster, visualization and independent properties. Then, the trends of 3D visualization developments for older plugin and WebGL based technologies have been considered. Finally, a number of the most important systems according to the needed criteria for web-based 3D cadaster were evaluated and consequently, Cesium virtual environment has been selected as the best for the development purpose. To develop a system for 3D cadaster visualization, 2D building properties was converted to 3D using different software and then, land law properties were added and subsequently, Building Information Model (BIM) was provided. HTML5, JavaScript and CSS languages along with WebGL library and Cesium API were utilized. The implemented service is able to display WFS-based standard vector layers as well as WMS image of OGC standard. The system has the possibilities of 3D visualization like web-based 3D cadaster visualization and land law properties over the web. This enables the user to make the printed output of BIM along with descriptive information of the buildings.

Hamid Salehi, Muhammad Motamedi, Ezatollah Mafi,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)

The basis of climatic data is measurements taken at a predetermined chronological order at air monitoring stations, so all measured values ​​of climatic elements can only be attributed to the point of measurement. Therefore, different interpolation methods can help a lot in estimating climate data in different places. The study area in this study is northeastern Iran, including the provinces of Khorasan Razavi and North Khorasan, and monthly summer temperature data were used for 21 synoptic and evaporative stations in the northeast belonging to the Meteorological Organization and the Ministry of Energy with appropriate distribution. The statistical period of 21 years (1997-1997) was considered as a common statistical period for all stations. Then, in order to compare the interpolation methods, several different methods, including ordinary kriging, spline, inverse squares and Thyssen were used by ARCGIS software. Comparing the deviations of the estimates from the measured data was evaluated by cross-validation. Then, in order to check the hypothesis of normality of the calculated errors in each interpolation method, the test thigh test was used and finally, to evaluate the best interpolation method, AHP method and Expert Choice software were used. The results showed that based on the root mean square error (RMSE) criterion, Thyssen, Kriging, inverse distance and spline methods were located, respectively. Based on the absolute maximum error criterion (MAE), the kriging method estimates the summer temperature better than other methods. According to the MBE standard, the kriging method is better than other methods and can be used for temperature interpolation. According to the set coefficients, the calculated compatibility rate is 0.03, which indicates the high accuracy of the selection of weights.
- Mohammad Motamedi Rad, Dr Leila Goli Mokhtari, Dr Shahram Bahrami, Dr Mohammad Ali Zanganeh Asadi,
Volume 21, Issue 62 (10-2021)

Groundwater resources are important part of the sweet water available to humans. The present study studies and evaluates the quality of water resources of karstic basin of Roein Esfarayen. For this purpose, sampling of water from water sources was carried out and groundwater quality of the area was evaluated in terms of drinking, agriculture and industry using Schoeller, Wilcox and Langelier diagrams, Water Quality Index( WQI) and groundwater quality index (GQI). According to the results of the analysis of the samples taken and the relevant charter diagrams, most of the water sources in the area were in the good category for drinking. The results of the Wilcox diagram showed that only S7 (Springs of Zargara), S6 (Springs of Sarang Zwucha) and S20 samples (rivers at the basin outlet) had saline water but could be used for agriculture and the rest were suitable for agriculture. The water quality table of the region's springs in terms of industrial use also showed that all of the water samples of the region except the Springs of Sangvah, which contains sediment-bearing water, have corrosive properties. The WQI index is also indicative of the quality of all samples taken in drinking water, and only the surface water of the basin outlet whose WQI is above 50 is in good condition. Location and quality zoning of drinking water from the GQI index was also carried out. The GQI quality index in the region varied from 93.42 to 95.87 in the region. Therefore, it can be said that although the minimum quality of samples is related to surface water of the basin, but this quality value is also in the appropriate quality category. Therefore, in total, all the water resources of the study area are in the category of quality in terms of drinking water standards

Mehran Motamedi, Zarin Fakhar,
Volume 22, Issue 64 (4-2022)

The present article is an analysis of the formation and evolution of the city of Songhor in Islamic times. This research is descriptive-analytical in terms of purpose and method. And to collect the required data and information, library-documentary studies and field visits (observation, testing and interviewing) were used. Among the archaeological evidence and historical documents examined in this study include: pottery, gravestones of medieval Islamic times, religious and non-religious architecture, and springs and sanctuaries. Its field data is recorded and classified by time period. Reading and reviewing historical and archeological information related to the city of Songhor reveals the cultural and historical identity of the city during the Islamic period. The results show that Songhor city is based on fundamental elements such as: the mosque, government building, monuments, traditional market, neighborhoods and city fence which during Islamic history are related to specific hierarchy in relation to social, economic needs. Religious, political and city fix
they did. The presence of these elements in the city has made historical references to the city of Songhor with the names such as "Velayat and Fence", "Mahal", "Alkai" and "Qasaba".
Nahid Bagheri Maragheh, Mohammad Motamedi, Ezatollah Mafi,
Volume 22, Issue 64 (4-2022)

Explaining the relationship between resilience to natural disasters is in fact how social, economic, institutional and physical capacities affect the increase of resilience in societies. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate the resilience of Shirvan city in the face of earthquakes in which the research method is descriptive-analytical and the statistical population includes experts in the field of urban resilience for this group of 30 people. First, the indicators evaluated to assess the resilience of Shirvan city in the face of earthquake hazards using the ANP model, which were questioned by experts and elites, were 25 indicators in 4 physical, institutional, cultural, social and economic criteria. Paired comparisons were performed. Findings showed that the rate of resilience in Shirvan is low in 65.4% of the city and high in only 19.2% of the city. In other words, in 17 neighborhoods out of 26 neighborhoods of Shirvan city, the rate of resilience in the face of earthquake hazards is low and only in 5 neighborhoods of the city the rate of resilience is high. Therefore, the final results of resilience in Shirvan are 19.2% of the upper city, 15.4% of the average city and 65.4% of the lower city. In general, the results indicate that the resilience of Shirvan is in an unfavorable and unfavorable situation and the rate of resilience in this city is low in the face of earthquake hazards.
Mehdi Mohammadzadeh Moghafam, Mohammad Motamedi, Ezzatollah Mafi,
Volume 23, Issue 70 (10-2023)

According to the issues raised, the present study has been compiled with the aim of examining and assessing the situation of cities from the perspective of urban crisis management components. The research method in this research is a combination of research, applied (using the results and output of research in Shirvan) and development; Statistical population In the present study, according to the determination and classification of related organizations, each organization was selected as a statistical sample from each organization according to the percentage of the total statistical population, which in total 227 People were selected as the statistical sample of the present study. Finally, the quota non-probability sampling method, in which the number of samples is determined in advance and is from experts, was distributed. The findings show that the lowest and most unfavorable calculated average of 3.57 belongs to the post-crisis period and post-crisis reconstruction, which is not in a satisfactory state. It is related to the identification of vulnerable zones due to hazards in Shirvan city and in this section 12 indicators were analyzed based on FAHP model, which showed that the rate of vulnerability in 5.37% of Shirvan city Very low, 22.38% low vulnerability, 14.12% moderate vulnerability, 27.75% high vulnerability and 30.39% very high vulnerability. In fact, it can be said that the vulnerability of Shirvan is low in 27.75% of the city and high in 58.14% of the city. In the central neighborhoods of the city due to high age, population density, wear and tear, low quality buildings and ... the level of vulnerability is high.

Fatemeh Raouf, Mohammad Motamedi, Aliakbar Poorahmad,
Volume 23, Issue 71 (1-2024)

Social health and social capital are considered one of the important indicators of development in the new international assessment, because the health of the individual and the society are so interdependent that it is impossible to set boundaries between them. The health status of people in the society affects the health of others and their emotions in various ways, as well as the socio-economic indicators of the society. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of public participation in order to increase the social health of the citizens of Shirvan. The research method is a survey, and the main tool for data collection is a questionnaire. The statistical population in the present study is all the residents of Shirvan city, and using Cochran's formula, the number of 384 people was determined as a statistical sample. The obtained results showed that among the dimensions of participation, the physical dimension with a value of 4.24 has the highest average. Among the dimensions of the social health index, the dimension of social cohesion with an average value of 4.75 has the highest average. . Finally, PLS statistical test was used to investigate the effect of the independent variable (participation of Shirvani citizens) on the dependent variable (social health) and the obtained coefficients showed that the independent variable (participation) has the greatest effect on the dependent variable (social health) in the physical dimension. Physical with a value of 36.031, and the least impact on the economic dimension with a value of 28.289 has been obtained

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