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Showing 11 results for Crisis

Sana Rahmani, Sayed Hossein Vahedi, Leila Abedi Far, Saleh Ebrahimi Pour,
Volume 18, Issue 50 (3-2018)

Iran is among the countries which id most vulnerable to natural disasters, especially earthquakes. This natural phenomenon creates a disaster in an area of Iran every few years and destroys the human and financial potentials of the country and it has also irreversible mental and emotional consequences. Due to the unexpected nature of most natural disasters and the need for rapid and accurate decision-making and implementation process, fundamental and theoretical basis has created a knowledge called crisis management. Bojnord city is the center of Bojnord town in North Khorasan province and is the largest city in the province. The city is one of the high altitudes of North Khorasan and is a mountainous region from the natural perspective. Based on census population in 2011, Bojnord has a population over 207,196 people. Bojnord is one of the cities that are located in a zoning with a very high relative risk. Moses Baba fault and Dubarar-tower fault of Bojnord are located in the immediate vicinity of city and in some regions the city is built along this fault. Faults in Bojnord have been the origin of devastating earthquakes in history and are able to work once again and threaten the city which determined the importance and role of crisis management and passive defense in earthquake more than ever. In addition to the potential threat, Bojnord faults has made clear the adverse consequences arising from the filling of Bojnord plain from human habitations and the development of the city towards the fault line at a distance of 150 meters and this has also attracted attention to passive defense two times more. Therefore, identifying risk zones (faults and earthquakes) in the city can show the vital artery in low risk decision areas and zones with low risk for the construction of temporary housing camps during the crisis. Bojnord is in a bowl surrounded by mountains and down the valley. 

Dr Javad Sadidi, Mr Seyed Hassan Hosseini Sajedi, ,
Volume 19, Issue 53 (6-2019)

Timing framework associated with catastrophes is one of the most important issues in crisis management. In such cases, being immediate has a considerable importance and web based real-time routing service as an important tool has a significant role in relief operations improvement. At this study, a web-based real time routing service based on open source technology has designed for 11th district of Tehran aiming to efficiency enhancement of relief teams at emergency conditions. In this service ANP model was used to evaluate increasing interaction between the factors, and since the purpose of this study was to find the best possible routs between two nodes by non-negative weight according to the main distance factor, Dijkstra's algorithm has been chosen as a proper routing algorithm. Open source languages, format, libraries and software such as HTML, CSS, AJAX, GeoJSON, PHP, OpenLayer, PostGIS were also used to design the service and applying online weightings, blocking each piece of routes and re-routing procedure without blocked traffics, implementation of server-side processing and reducing the volume of the client-side’s operations, being under the browser’s surveillance, no need to install any software and the ability to use it on any operating system can be named. According to the obtained results, the path’s length and traffic’s volume variables have the most important role in target function formation (travel cost) therefore the specific path will be selected as the optimal path, with the minimized distance between the destination and the traffic volume. Depending on the traffic volume severity changes, the optimal extracted route will be changed and the system has such ability to apply online weighting in order to instantaneous routing to reduce losses.

Javad Jamalabadi, Mahammad Salmanimoghaddam, Ali Shekari Badi, Marzieh Nodeh,
Volume 19, Issue 55 (12-2019)

Temporary resettlement of the population after the earthquake is considered as a pivotal element of crisis management. The selection of suitable centers for the establishment of citizens can have a significant role in rescue and rescue services after the earthquake. The purpose of this study was to identify potential spots for the construction of shelters and temporary accommodation of the population during the occurrence of a possible earthquake. This research is applied in terms of its purpose. The method of study is descriptive-analytical and documentary. Firstly, using the Delphi method, 16 main and effective criteria for locating these centers were identified in the framework of six clusters including access to the communication network, natural features, spatial characteristics, consistent uses, risk management and demographic performance. Then, using the experts' opinions and the network analysis process, the final weight of each criterion was determined. The most important parameters in this research are population density indexes, grade 1 arterial pathways, and suitable area. Finally, by combining the layers of all indicators, a map of the temporary population settlements was prepared in Sabzevar city. The results of the research show that the lack of suitable spaces, including parks and open spaces for temporary accommodation of citizens in Sabzevar city, is quite evident. At the same time, the points of the city, which have adequate open spaces and are compatible with the surrounding land uses, have a relatively better potential for deployment. Accordingly, the best places for temporary accommodation of the population after the earthquake in Sabzevar, including the Eram Park in the north, Imam Reza Park and the Football Stadium in Southeastern City, Shahr-e Basi, National Park and Shariati Conservatory in the city center, tourist hostel, Green spaces and sports grounds in the west, and finally technical and vocational schools in the city of Tohid. In order to improve the conditions in the aftermath of the earthquake, some suggestions are presented in this study.

Mr. Alireza Nojoumi, , ,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)

Quite a lot of people are employed in gas production and refining industry in IRAN. In case of weakness or lack of having an effective management, the associated companies will impose heavy damage to the country. In this regard, to achieve consistency and safety in IRAN, ascendancy of management in these companies is one of the main and effective attempts. In order to manage the crisis of technological hazards in south pars gas complex, this study presents a strategic model. To this end, firstly, a review of all research and previous studies is done. The statistical population of this study is 35 persons including managers, safety experts, HSE, and Passive Defense experts. Effective factors on technological hazards management is defined as: leadership and management, human resource, organizational culture, organization agility, organization systems, local infrastructures, production continuity and, continuum inspection is determined through an exhaustive investigation. Subsequently, a questionnaire using Delphi technique is prepared and conducted over the statistical population. The obtained data was analyzed with SPSS and AMOS software, and the results showed that among the other factors, human resource has more considerable effect on crisis management.

Hamideh Afsharmanesh, Zahra Hejazizadeh, Bohloul Alijani,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)

Climate predictions have been made in global, regional and local simulation, and climatic parameters have changed in terms of trends and models in climatology, futures studies are less visible in literature and climatology literature therefore environmental planning and futures analysis are an attempt to look at the long-term future in the field of climatology. Today, one of the most important challenges of the present and future is the increase in temperature and   is the lack of climatic comfort. The growth of Tehran's metropolitan area, improving living standards, expanding urbanization and industry, climate change, and the energy shortage crisis are important. The survey forms were prepared by the climatologists and managers of Tehran and data analysis, futuristic techniques such as scenario for data analysis tool in this study was MICMAC software. have been used. In the research process, the most important key factors and drivers in relation to futures studies were identified in relation to the increase of temperature in the city of Tehran.
Mini scenarios and a comprehensive scenario were defined in three cases:
  1. Improvement of the Micro-Climatic Conditions of Tehran City + Climatic Comfort of Citizens
  2. Lack of  good micro-climate in Tehran + low climatic comfort of citizens
  3. The lack of improvement in the micro-climatic situation in Tehran + the lack of climate comfort for citizens and increased energy consumption
According to the results of the study, the most important factors in creating a crisis of rising surface temperature can be the lack of attitude to the concept of micro-climate improvement and urban management.
Fatemeh Yadegarifar, Mohammadreza Poodineh, Morteza Esmaelnejad,
Volume 23, Issue 68 (3-2023)

In the meantime it can cause serious and irreparable damage to other social, economic and structural sectors of society. A look at the history of human life on Earth shows that human beings have always been exposed to all kinds of natural hazards. Natural hazards have many types, one of which is drought and water crisis. The recent droughts in Iran and the severity of the damage indicate the continued vulnerability of urban and rural areas. At present, drought management in our country is based on crisis management and thus less attention is paid to drought impacts and preparedness. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the resilience of Zahedan city against water crisis and drought. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of research, descriptive and analytical. The statistical population of the study is all households in Zahedan city based on the census of 1395 168480 households (672589 people). From the household heads, a sample size of 383 people was selected randomly using Cochran formula. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used to analyze the findings. The results of one-sample t-test show that the economic, social and institutional resiliency status in Zahedan city is lower than the average (2.815, 2.873 and 2.886, respectively); The results showed that Zahedan city is not in a good position in terms of resilience to drought and water crisis and this city has many water problems in rural areas and Zahedan city. Rural water shortages and droughts have caused extensive damage to farmers and ranchers. The effects of the water crisis on the economic, social and environmental structure of the villages have been very negative and these negative effects have ultimately led to the migration of villagers to Zahedan

Parisa Hamedani, Azita Rajabi,
Volume 23, Issue 68 (3-2023)

In the new age and in the third millennium, natural crises have become an inseparable reality of human life and have become one of the most important issues facing most of the world's metropolises. By observing the principles and laws of urban planning and applying them in accordance with the principles of crisis management, urban crises can be reduced to some extent. Crisis management is a process of planning and performance that by systematically observing and analyzing crises seeks to find a tool to reduce the effects of the crisis. Due to the importance of the subject of the present study, it seeks to investigate the factors affecting the spatial-physical vulnerability of the city with a descriptive-analytical method with a crisis management approach in the city of Robat Karim. The statistical population of the research group of 20 people was selected by snowball method. Data analysis method was performed with anp model. The results showed that among the 4 factors affecting the vulnerability of the operating city (standard), natural (with a normalized score of 0.054), in the first priority, physical criteria (with a normalized score of 0.27) in the second priority and social criteria - Economic (with a normalized score of 0.08) were recognized in the third priority and finally the relief and management criteria (with a normalized score of 0.09) in the fourth priority, and these criteria play a role in the vulnerability of the city of Robat Karim, respectively. According to the obtained results, any planning in order to manage the crisis of Robat Karim city should be based on the natural factors of this city.
Mehdi Mohammadzadeh Moghafam, Mohammad Motamedi, Ezzatollah Mafi,
Volume 23, Issue 70 (9-2023)

According to the issues raised, the present study has been compiled with the aim of examining and assessing the situation of cities from the perspective of urban crisis management components. The research method in this research is a combination of research, applied (using the results and output of research in Shirvan) and development; Statistical population In the present study, according to the determination and classification of related organizations, each organization was selected as a statistical sample from each organization according to the percentage of the total statistical population, which in total 227 People were selected as the statistical sample of the present study. Finally, the quota non-probability sampling method, in which the number of samples is determined in advance and is from experts, was distributed. The findings show that the lowest and most unfavorable calculated average of 3.57 belongs to the post-crisis period and post-crisis reconstruction, which is not in a satisfactory state. It is related to the identification of vulnerable zones due to hazards in Shirvan city and in this section 12 indicators were analyzed based on FAHP model, which showed that the rate of vulnerability in 5.37% of Shirvan city Very low, 22.38% low vulnerability, 14.12% moderate vulnerability, 27.75% high vulnerability and 30.39% very high vulnerability. In fact, it can be said that the vulnerability of Shirvan is low in 27.75% of the city and high in 58.14% of the city. In the central neighborhoods of the city due to high age, population density, wear and tear, low quality buildings and ... the level of vulnerability is high.

Dr Hoomayoon Molaei, Dr Emamgholi Babadi,
Volume 23, Issue 70 (9-2023)

Iran is one of the most earthquake-prone countries in the world and its cities have suffered a lot due to this natural phenomenon. The purpose of this study was the spatial analysis of earthquake crisis management. The research method has been applied-developmental. The research area of ​​Khuzestan province and the statistical population included elites in the field of urban planning in Khuzestan province who were selected by targeted sampling method. There have also been two statistical tests. The results of statistical analysis showed that from the perspective of statistical individuals, proper crisis management (organizational structure, proper distribution of emergency services, manpower, equipment and information system) has a positive and significant effect on reducing mortality and financial vulnerability. Also, the results of Hot spot analysis showed that hot and earthquake-prone hotspots in Khuzestan province were mostly located in Behbahan, Masjed Soleiman and Andimeshk counties
Khadigeh Khatiri, Iran Ghazi, Nemat Hasani,
Volume 23, Issue 71 (12-2023)

Identifying the level and trend of social capital among the people of a society can help to identify the social and cultural changes of that. The purpose of this study is to explain the development of social capital in urban water crisis management using factor analysis. This research is of applied-developmental type and descriptive-survey study method. The questionnaire is used to collect information and SPSS software and exploratory analysis statistical test is used to analyze the data. The statistical population includes the countrychr('39')s crisis and water supply managers (15 people chosen by targeted sampling); Also, all residents of Karaj during 1396 - 1395, which was used as a statistical sample using the Cochranchr('39')s table for 350 people, of which 44.3% were women and 55.7% were men. The results of statistical analysis showed that in people (sampled) of statistical population’s opinion the level of social capital was lower than what desired. Also, the factors involved in the development of social capital for the water shortage crisis were counted and measured in the form of 24 variables. And finally 5 items eliminated to be effective ones to development of social capital in crisis management of urban water which are ( in order of preferences ) social trust, motivating policies, change in attitude atmosphere, infrastructures of interactions and values in the society, mutual reconciliation between people and government

Mrs Khadije Khatiri, Mrs Iran Ghazi, Mr Nemat Hasani,
Volume 24, Issue 75 (12-2024)

Natural disasters cause severe financial and human damage. Crisis management means purposefully shifting the flow of affairs in a controllable manner with the intention of returning things to pre-crisis conditions as soon as possible. Therefore, the main purpose of this article is to present a model of social capital development in urban water crisis management.The study method is descriptive-survey. In order to collect information, interviews and questionnaires were used and for data analysis, SPSS software, AHP analysis method, regression and T were used. Statistical community including crisis and water crisis managers; Also, all residents of Karaj were in the period between 1396 and 1395, which was estimated as a statistical sample of 350 people using Cochran's table.The results of statistical analysis showed that from the perspective of statistical sample individuals, the amount of social capital was lower than the desired level. Also, the relationship between social capital indicators was significant. Also, the results of couple comparison of main criteria using AHP analysis prioritized the indicators of social trust with 0.433 coefficient, incentive policy criterion and change in attitude space with 0.355 coefficient, criterion The interactive and value infrastructure of the society with a coefficient of 0.277, the interaction with a coefficient of 0.203, and finally the criterion of non-alienation with the government with a coefficient of 0.199 showed the fifth priority.The study shows that countries' ability to deal with crises has a lot to do with crisis management policy, promoting social capital in society and developing a spirit of cooperation and motivating participation among the people is one of the important solutions.
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