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Showing 41 results for Environment

Narges Karimi, Farah Habib, ,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

A sense of belonging to an environment is an emotional connection that takes place between people and the external environment. Many studies have shown that the existence of this connection and its deepening between the person and the environment has a significant role in promoting the physical environment and the emergence of positive social behaviors. Therefore, recognizing the sense of belonging and the factors affecting it and ways to improve it is one of the issues that can lead to the improvement of living conditions and physical environment. Among the many factors that affect the sense of belonging, the time factor as one of these factors can be effective from two perspectives; Duration of residence and age of the environment. In this study, while researching the effect of each of these factors on the sense of belonging of residents, a comparison between these two factors and the intensity of the effect of each on the sense of belonging has been done. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. In order to collect the required data and information, library and field methods and questionnaire tools were used. The statistical population of the study consists of citizens living in the six studied neighborhoods in Zanjan. The sample size was estimated to be 300 people using the Cochranchr('39')s formula. SPSS software was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the sense of belonging in the study areas is moderate to low. The results also showed that the duration of residence and the age of the environment have a positive and significant effect on the sense of spatial belonging and its components. Among the variables, the effect of the environment variable on the sense of spatial belonging is greater than the length of stay, so that the age of the environment predicts 27.1% of the variance of the variable of spatial belonging.
Valiollah Ghasemi, Afshin Ghorbani Param,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

Industrialization and modernization of societies affect architecture, urbanization, environment, climate and geography; which we can mention the emergence of high-rise building, climate inversion, changes in geography of societies and environmental degradation. The roots of the problems over the last few decades are population growth, increasing migration to cities and metropolises, changes in needs and demands of citizens, etc.; Which faces urban managers, designers and architects with a huge challenge. The main purpose of this article is to theoretically study the uses such as residential towers on the one hand and the ideas mentioned in the theoretical discourse on the other hand with the approach of sustainable social development, and its impact on environmental protection according to the geography of Tehran. This research is "descriptive-analytical" in nature and "survey". It is "practical" in terms of purpose and "quantitative-qualitative" in terms of data. The number of statistical samples was 384 people and data were collected through questionnaires. Analyzes were performed in SPSS software. The most important result of this research can be expressed as the fact that due to population growth, high-rise was formed and through it, issues such as overuse of natural resources and fossil fuels, destruction of nature, reduction of social interactions, climate change, traffic creation, Rising air pollution, etc., has become a huge and insurmountable crisis.
Mrs Elham Zamani, Dr Behshid Hosseini, Dr Hossein Zabihi,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

The analysis and evaluation of rural housing texture requires a wide range of effective factors, environmental and ecological factors are one of the important factors. Sub-climates and so on are among the factors affecting the texture of rural housing. In order to understand the environmental factors and the context of a villagechr('39')s mountainous habitat, the need for long distances and precise manual harvesting requires specific difficulties, including distance, time, cost, and ultimately uncertainty. It brings the quality of the final harvest. On the other hand, due to the increasing trend of rural housing development in recent decades and the lack of coordination of new tissues in terms of density with previous ones, it shows the indifference of these housing to the former housing and the environmental context of the villages. Today, new computational and numerical tools in architecture, with the advent of advanced mathematical knowledge in the field of architecture, have brought new dimensions to this field. Will provide. The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of green and dry tissue densities as natural factors on the density of densely populated villages in different climates. This in addition to identifying the density of village textures by emphasizing the comparison of parameters will illuminate new dimensions in the context of village stairs. The simulation analysis tool is a densitometry algorithm based on aerial maps, written by the research authors. The algorithm based on negated aerial maps has the ability to detect natural tissue density in the context of village formation and residential texture. This will reduce the need for physical presence and improve the accuracy of outputs in the analysis of village texture, as well as parameter identification. , The condensation pattern of previous generations into the new generation of housing Will provide a star.

- Mohammad Reza Ghorbani Param, - Pouyan Shahabian, - Vahid Dinarani, - Ronak Najafi,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

The quality of the urban environment is one of the important indicators of the development of any city. In this regard, the type of pattern that can be used in cities can have a great impact that biophilic urban planning is one of the most important patterns due to its relationship and centrality with nature. The purpose of this study is to explain the environmental quality criteria of Tehran according to the components of biophilic urban planning. The research method is descriptive-analytical and based on data collection through survey method. The research tool was a questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by the elite community and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient greater than 0.70. The statistical population of the study also consists of urban experts and specialists, including academics and experts in Tehran. Due to the lack of statistics in this area, coronary and cost constraints, 120 experts were selected as the sample size. The results showed that the structural-functional, content and physical-spatial indicators of the quality of Tehran's urban environment based on biophilic urban planning were significant at a level of less than 0.05. The study of the mean and significant direction indicates the weakness of these indicators and lack of attention to biophilic urban planning in the planning of this city. Also, the results of structural equation modeling confirmed that the structural-functional, content and physical-spatial indices of biophilic urban planning can be effective in improving the quality of Tehran's urban environment. . Therefore, biophilic urban planning has not been emphasized in the planning model of Tehran, but the results indicate their effectiveness in improving the quality of the city's environment if used.
 
Mr Iraj Mahmoodpour, Dr Hossein Hataminejad, Dr Rahmatolah Farhoodi, Dr Jamile Tavakolinia,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

It has a complex and multi -dimensional conceptual life and guarantees the performance of the ecosystem from the smallest unit to the surface of the Earth, or in other words from local levels to world levels, and its patterns are quite different from one region to region. In this regard, in the past three decades, in addition to the human impacts, the use of harmful resources and industries, the vulgarity of the ozone, the greenhouse, the greenhouse and the effects of the phenomena, and the phenomena of the city, Various environmental and environmental and remedies have been increased, which has increased melods to zero. For this purpose, in this study, it has been attempted to identify and analyze the key propellers affecting biodiversity by emphasizing the environmental indicators in Tehran's 11 metropolitan area. In this study, with the technique of environmental and Delphi dynamics, 57 primary factors were extracted in eleven different areas and then, using the Delphi method of managers, the matrix of the components of the components was formed. Next, the matrix analysis has been analyzed through the Michemac software. The results of the distribution of variables on the axis of influence and influence of the factors in the Micmac software indicate the system's instability within the scope of the study, and therefore five categories of variables were identified. Finally, due to the high direct and indirect effect of factors, seven key factors were identified as key factors in the field of biodiversity, with emphasis on the environmental indices of the region. Among the preferences under consideration, the variables of public transport status (speed, accuracy, confidence, security, security, convenience, economic affordability) and public access to the green space had the highest impact on the biodiversity in the study area.
 
Mis Zahra Asgari Gandomani, Mr Hamid Roodbari, Mr Yaghoob Mohammadi,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (3-1921)
Abstract

Many sports consumers are concerned about environmental issues and have expressed interest in buying green products. However, the actual sale of green products is still not as expected. For this reason, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of environmental factors (attitude, concern and sense of environmental responsibility) on the purchase intention of environmentally friendly sports consumers. The present survey study collected information from 384 Iranian students using a seven-point Likert electronic questionnaire with 27 questions. The samples were selected using simple random sampling method. A total of 390 questionnaires were returned, of which 384 were approved. To analyze the data, PLS software was used for the reliability and validity of the model and to test the hypotheses of the structural model. The results showed that environmental attitude is an important driver of consumers' green purchasing behavior. Also, a statistically significant relationship between environmental responsibility and green purchasing behavior was obtained. But there was no statistically significant relationship between environmental concerns and green purchasing behavior. In addition, the relationship between individual green values with environmental attitude, environmental concerns, environmental responsibility and green purchasing behavior was statistically insignificant. For this purpose, companies can create a suitable image of environmental responsibility for their products in the minds of customers through appropriate strategies in the branding of their products, which makes them benefit from the support of customers who want to buy environmentally friendly products.
Mohammad Najarzadeh, Aliakbar Bidokhti, Jamal Moradnejad,
Volume 15, Issue 36 (6-2015)
Abstract

According to WTTC (World Tourism and Travel Council) forecast tourism contribution of global GDP will be about 6000 billion dollar in 2020 and will create 300 million job Therefore, Tourism could be considered as multidimensional field that response to tourists needs with diversity interests and motivations. Shopping is the most necessity needs and it is the one popular activity for tourists. Border regions facilitate this activity because they have two potentials: appropriate geographical situation and non-favorite economic condition for host community. One of the best and most popular border cities in Iran country is Baneh that placed in the west boundaries between Iran and Iraq country. Region’s Economy  extremely depends on tourism shopping and majority of the host community directly or indirectly involved in that bussiness. Therefore, we can connect tourist's satisfaction with welfare and/or economical condition improvement. As, if it realize positively, region will develop in close future. This paper aims to evaluate performance of factors influencing tourists overall satisfaction in the Baneh border city due to important of development issue. Here, factors divided into two categories: shopping factors and tourism environmental factors. This research has followed a practical object, a descriptive approach with Field- Survey type in the method. Statistical population included tourists who have traveled to baneh city to purchase mainly. Matching to Morgan's table 400 tourist as statistical sample have selected and the questionnaire give to them randomly. The tools for gathering were base on two method, early data (from the field- survey study) and secondary data (from the library studies).   An analysis of the results revealed that, in thematic destinations, in addition to factors related to specific Theme (Subject) that they were more influencing, The tourism environmental factors also can  influence on the tourist total satisfaction . In sumery, this research aims to examine amount of satisfaction factors impact on the overall satisfaction. Finally, suggestions for relevant governmental institutes are provided.


 
Mehrshad Toulabi Nejad, Jaad Bazrafshan, Sirous Ghanbari,
Volume 17, Issue 46 (12-2017)
Abstract

 
In this study, the relationship between rural deprivation and environmental sustainability was analyzed. The present research is applied in a targeted, applied way and the method is descriptive-analytical. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire, an interview with the locals, a statistical journal of Lorestan province and data from the deputy of rural development and deprived areas. The statistical population includes rural households in Poldokhtar Township (N= 10619). Using Cochran formula and simple random sampling, 400 households were selected as samples. In order to identify the most important indices of deprivation from the exploratory coincidence rating test, One-sample t-test was used to determine the environmental sustainability factors and Finally, Tobit model was used to investigate the relationship between rural deprivation and environmental sustainability. The results show that the highest rate of rural deprivation is related to the economic and cultural deprivation. In the context of environmental sustainability factors, the results show that none of the factors is in stable condition. Water resources, trees, pasture, and pastures are in a state of instability and the only factor that has a somewhat stable status is the soil. Investigating the relationship between deprivation dimensions and environmental instability shows that the economic and social dimension of deprivation has the most impact and relationship with environmental instability. While cultural deprivation of the region, although high has had the least relationship with environmental instability. Therefore, it can be said that to reduce environmental instability and prevent environmental degradation, consideration should be given to the dimensions of deprivation and planning to reduce it.
 

Dr. Morad Kavianirad, Dr Yadollah Karimi Pour, Dr. Hedayat Fahmi, Mr. Sadegh Karami,
Volume 17, Issue 46 (12-2017)
Abstract

Efforts to provide security have always been of great importance to human being. In recent decades, the security issues of climate change have attracted attentions due to its sustainable consequences on the lives and civilization of humans. Among all countries, the ones which are placed in draught belt, like our country Iran, have hurt a lot because of low precipitations and also mismanagements in water resources control. Climate change show itself by changes in precipitation patterns, reduction of precipitation and increasing of temperature. According to the present data, Iran's central drainage basin which consists of important geopolitical provinces, has been affected by the above mentioned factors. This descriptive-analytic research is carried out based on the effects of climate change on Iran's central basin which provides approximately 48 percent of Iran’s GDP.  Continuity of climate changes in this region can make critical problems in social, environmental, economic and political scales and the lives of the citizens would be affected as well. To conclude, the persistence of the current conditions in climate change in the central drainage basin of Iran, would result in challenges through the national stability and security.
 

Sayad Asghari Saraskanrood, Zeynab Dolatshahi,
Volume 18, Issue 50 (6-2018)
Abstract

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the quality of wine in Khorramabad city as a major issue in public health and health management of citizens. To perform this research, data on the chemical element of 23 wells and fountains in Khorramabad County during the period of 2002 to 2013 were presented in the form of a series of elements: fluorine (F), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K) The ArcGIS software and the algebraic or deterministic internalization methods, geology, IDW method, Kriging method and splint method were used for mapping and drawing maps. To assess the chemical quality of the drinking water element, standards were used: the National Standard, World Health Organization (WHO) and the United States Environmental Organization (EPA) as an indicator of pollution. The results showed that the amount of calcium (Ca) in all seasons and in all sources is lower than the national standards (WHO) and (EPA) standards, but in some sources higher than the standard desirable standard. The amount of fluorine (F) only in the spring and summer is higher than the standard standard (EPA) in some wells, but in winter and fall in all wells and springs above the standard desirable standard (EPA) is. And the amount of potassium element (K) in any of the seasons and in any of the wells and springs is higher than the desirable and desirable national standard, WHO and EPA, as well as a handful of magnesium (Mg) in none of the water sources studied It has not been higher than the national standard, (WHO) and (EPA).

Engineer Elham Azizikhadem, Doctor Kazem Rangzan, Doctor Mostafa Kabolizade, Engineer Ayob Taghizadeh,
Volume 18, Issue 51 (7-2018)
Abstract

The tourism industry has become a major economic activity in the early years of the 21st Century and is considered one of the most productive and most employment-oriented global industries. Tourism is one of the most important factors generating wealth and employment in the world. It is necessary to plan for the proper exploitation of this industry, The most important steps to plan are to locate sites for providing tourists with the services they need in the form of tourist villages, This research is for the city of Shush which is one of the most important tourist areas of Khuzestan province And since it has many ancient monuments, it has attracted many tourists, , But the city has been at a very low level in terms of having a space worthy of tourists. Therefore, the conditions reinforced the idea of creating a tourism village. In this research, location-based discussion was conducted through a fuzzy inference system, Finally, the Fuzzy Topsis method has been used to protect the environment and to some extent extend sustainable tourism development. The ranking of these sites is based on environmental criteria. In the fuzzy inference system by applying the layers required in this method, four sites are considered to be very suitable.Then, using Fuzzy Topsis, which includes 10 criteria and 4 options, identified the best site on site 4. This site will bring the least damage to the environment, Located on the banks of the Dez River, most of the area has been covered by ground. In terms of maintaining environmental criteria, the site has a completely organic environment than other sites.
Dr Bahman Shafii, Dr Hamid Barghi, Dr Yusef Ghanbari,
Volume 19, Issue 55 (12-2019)
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the social, economic, and environmental effects of drought from the viewpoint of villagers, with the structural equation modeling approach. The purpose of this study is of applied research type, and is essentially a descriptive-correlation research. The population of the study, 1762 heads of households and sample size were determined according to Cochran formula, 316 people. Data analysis was performed using SPSS22 software and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). In this research, the observed variables were obtained for three components: economic, social, and environmental. Three first-factor factor analysis models were designed, measured, and validated for measuring three sub-scale droughts. Finally, the role and effect of observed variables and their triple components derived from the drought, as the main hidden dependent variable, and the relationships between them, were analyzed with the help of a structural model of the factor-factor analysis (CFA) of the quadratic factor of the second order. The results of the fitting and validation of all three models of drought measurement, and the realization of goals, as well as the quadratic model of second order, were evaluated based on the data for drought evaluation. Finally, drought affected by socioeconomic and social indicators of 0. 97, and environmental index was 0. 87, so the drought in the studied villages areas had the greatest impact on economic and social indicators, and As a result, it has been placed on an environmental index.

Siyamack Sharafi, Masoud Sadeghirad, Zahra Javadi Nia,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)
Abstract

the occurrence of landslides in the direction of rivers, especially in the mountainous regions of Zagros range are processes that block rivers and form lake barriers. Della Landslide is an example of such landslide that occurred in the course of Shimbar River drainage and eventually created Lake Shimbar. geoarchaeological field studies performed on this slide using topographic maps, geological, digital model of the area, satellite images and Arc GIS software on the  landslide and  basin lake Shimbar resulted in the identification of the causes of landslides and changes in three stages of the lake. This study eventually rebuilds Paleogeomorphology of landslide area and the lake's dam Shimbar. The results showed that the main cause of the occurrence of landslides were tectonic processes in the region and based on archaeological evidence and the archaeological excavation of the canal, the landslides occurred before 2000 years ago. The formation and changes in the scope and depth of the lake Shimbar in 3 stages blocked the migration routes in area for a long time.

Mrs Sara Behvandi, Dr Mohammad Reza Zandmoghadam, Dr Abbas Arghan, Dr Zeinab Kekehabadi,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)
Abstract

Today, the huge economic damage of natural hazards, especially of the micro-organisms, to human societies has led the concept of economic sustainability to mitigate the effects of crises to become an important area in crisis management. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of environmental hazards (effluents) on Ahwaz economy. This research can be considered as a type of applied-development research, and is a descriptive-analytical study in a correlation manner. The population of the study consisted of all residents of Ahwaz, in 1395, there were no more than 1302000 people. The sample size was 384, based on the Cochran formula, and randomly available. To investigate the data, the structural equation path analysis was used in Amos18 software. The results indicated that the microprocesses had an effect on the economy of Ahwaz with a coefficient of 0.31 and a significant level of 0.002. Also, the effect of fiery gradients was 0.73, and the significance level of 0.000 on the tax, the microguns, with the coefficient of influence 0.45 and the significance of 0.000 per facility, the effects of the micrographs with the coefficient of 0.55, and the significance of 0.000 on the housing, With a coefficient of influence of 0.17 and a significant amount of 0.008 on transportation. Accordingly, microblogging has the most impact on finance with a coefficient of 0.73, and transportation with a coefficient of influence of 0.17 has had the least effect.

Mr Ghorbanali Karimi Dehkordi, Phd Rahmatollah Monshizadeh, Phd Bijan Rahmani,
Volume 20, Issue 56 (3-2020)
Abstract

The rapid expansion of cities and their uneven physical growth, so-called "urban creep", have corrupted the villages and their surrounding lands, causing irregular conversion of agricultural lands and degradation of environmental resources. This situation has also been widespread in Shahrekord, the capital of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. The purpose of this descriptive-survey research is to determine the physical developments of rural settlements around Shahrekord with emphasis on urban sprwal. The statistical population is household heads of rural areas (15000 people). Using the Krejcie and Morgan table, 400 individuals were selected. The tool used is a researcher-made questionnaire on three dimensions of economic, social, cultural and environmental physical consequences. Data were analyzed using one-sample t-test and Friedman test. The results show that the consequences of urban sprawl are respectively environmental-physical consequences (3/98), economic consequences (3/96) and socio-cultural consequences (3/89 (. The most important environmental-physical consequences are increased environmental pollution, destruction of traditional architecture, destruction of biodiversity; major economic consequences of stock markets and rising land and housing prices, diminishing villagers' reluctance to productive activities (agriculture and livestock), capital flight from villages And their savings in the city and the rising cost of living amidst the socio-cultural consequences of luxury and the tendency to consume luxury goods, reduce solidarity and participation, crowding and crowding in cities, modeling of life and urbanization culture. have been.

Dr. Sadegh Karami,
Volume 20, Issue 59 (1-2021)
Abstract

Importance of climate change is global. This issue to some extent has been out of human control. Human beings can only provide security and the community with knowledge and management against its negative consequences. On the basis of this research, the present paper analyzes the impact of climate change on Iran, on a small scale and applied to the central catchment area. The findings of the research indicate that climate change has shown the geographic region of Iran in terms of changing the rainfall pattern, decreasing precipitation and increasing its temperature. In the next step, these cases resulted in excessive withdrawal of groundwater aquifers and it has reduced the quality of underground water. This chain has led to the design of inter-basin water transmission projects, which is at least the result of the cycle of social tensions that has occurred in recent years. Considering the geographical extent of the basin and its belonging to one of the most frequent aspects of Iran's civilization, the set of consequences of climate change in the central catchment area, in addition to its impact on various social, political, economic and environmental layers, also has several scale effects. And its destructive effects go beyond national scale and to an extent beyond the scope of Iranian culture. In this regard, the research findings indicate that climate change in the central watershed is influential in many aspects of society and the country, so that if the current process continues, the current Iranian civilization will face a strategic challenge. To this end, at the end of the research, good water governance, as the best way to confront and control the negative consequences of climate change on the central catchment area, and Iran in general, has been argued.

Elmira Azimi, Dariush Sattarzadeh, Lida Bolillan, Akbar Abdollahzadeh Tarf, Mahsa Faramarzi Asli,
Volume 20, Issue 59 (1-2021)
Abstract

The prevalence of chronic health problems is increasing, both in terms of physical health and mental health in modern societies. Meanwhile, the health of individuals in society as human capital is important in advancing the goals of thematic communities. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of physical-environmental factors on the mental health of citizens. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population of citizens living in Ardabil was estimated to be 384 using the Cochranchr('39')s formula. The field data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by formal validity and reliability using Cronbachchr('39')s alpha test and combined reliability. The results of this study showed that legibility and visual quality, access to urban green space, security of urban space, quality of urban furniture, mixing and variety of uses have a positive and significant effect on the mental health of citizens. Considering the value of the path coefficient obtained for the independent research variables, among the identified variables, the quality of urban green space with the path coefficient value of 0.44 had the highest path coefficient and had the greatest effect on the dependent variable, ie mental health of citizens. Also, the mixing variable and the variety of uses with a path coefficient value of 0.21 had the least effect on mental health.
Farahnaz Khademfesgandid, Dr , Dr Maryam Singery, Dr Mahsa Faramarzi Asl, Dr Samad Sabag Dehkhargani,
Volume 21, Issue 60 (3-2021)
Abstract

The degree of success of urban spaces is commensurate with the extent to which it can be utilized and the communication and communication that it can provide. What we are facing today in most urban spaces is the decline of human-environmental and human-environmental relationships. This study seeks to evaluate the extent of social interactions in these two paths and attempts to provide an optimal solution in this regard. Historical, appropriate physical structures And ... have been studied and divided into two sub-components of physical components such as existing values ​​and attitudes regarding physical components, and regarding subjective sub-components of mental imagery, user interests In this study, we tested the t-components and sub-components mentioned above. The research hypothesis is the effect of physical and non-physical elements and components on the formation of interactive spaces for communication. Man was endorsed by the environment.

Dr. Habibollah Fasihi, Dr. Mohammah Soleimani Mehrenjani, Ms Samira Ahmadnia Koohestani,
Volume 21, Issue 61 (6-2021)
Abstract

Evaluating environmental impact can help urban and regional planner and manager to understand the impacts of development plans on human well-being and environmental health. Therefore, it can enable them to prevent environmental pollution and degradation. This descriptive- analytical research aimed to assess environmental, physical, economic and socio-cultural impacts of Talesh Industrial Estate on Kashli village as the nearest settlement to the estate. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The variables are set in 29 items and were evaluated in 11 ranges by 270 sample people on the basis of a model adopted from Pastakia method. Findings showed that the industrial estate had more positive consequences than negative ones. Positive and negative consequences are more prominent in economic dimension and in environmental dimension respectively. Of the 29 impacts evaluated, the estate has had 16 positive and 13 negative impacts.
 
Mr Ahmad Zanganeh, Mr Tajedin Karami, Ms Roghayeh Yadolahisaber,
Volume 21, Issue 62 (10-2021)
Abstract

Assessment is one of the important methods in analyzing the accomplishment of Sustainable development and as one of the necessities of planning can identify potential and actual environmental effect that is emerged as a result of the construction and development and provides logical options to solve them.  The purpose of the current research is to assess the environmental effects of multi-layer highways on the neighborhood. The research is applied In terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of nature. Moreover, this research is environment based and uses sustainable development in theory. In order to analyze the data, 8 neighborhood around the Sadr bridge (Tajrish, Gheytariyeh, Chizar, Zargandeh, Sadr, Rostam Abas, Ekhtiyarieh and Pasdaran neighborhoods) were chosen as the analyze unit. Assessment indexes were assed in term of social, skeleton, vision and health-hygiene, economic and ecologic and safety-security domains. statistical Qualitative and quantitative  methods including  one sample T test and Friedman test were used to rate the domains and spatial analysis methods (spatial statistics) were used to show the status of the neighborhood. We also used the TOPSIS technique and Iranian Leopold in order to rate the neighborhood in terms of environmental effects of multi-layer Sadr Bridge. Results of the assessment matrix showed that Sadr multi-layer project is confirmed by providing corrective options in activities with high and very high damage. Based on the research findings it was found that the neighborhoods around the Sadr multi-layer highway given the assed dimensions, each have a different susceptibility from the multi-layer Sadr Bridge. In this regard, the ecological and skeleton have the most susceptibility and the security each have the least susceptibility from the Sadr multi-layer Sadr bridge and in rating the neighborhood, Rostamabad had the most susceptibility and the Zarhandeh has the least susceptibility from the Multi-layer Sadr bridge.  

 

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