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Showing 5 results for Citizen Participation

Dr Elahe Kavoosi, Dr Jamal Mohammadi,
Volume 20, Issue 57 (6-2020)

The ‘Smart mobility’ has become an increasingly prevalent discussion topic in the past few years, not just in academic literature but also in cities’ policy and strategy. However,in many cities of the world and in our country, Iran has been associated with problems such as lack of citizen participation and inequality (caused by inefficient urban management). The present study has attempted with an innovative perspective to evaluate the existing infrastructure of mobility indicators (including transport infrastructure, public transport, sustainable transport, ICT) and the social dimensions of these infrastructures including the extent of citizen participation in use. Of these infrastructures) in eleven districts of Shiraz.The research method is descriptive-analytical and based on documentary and origin studies. Data gathering was field study by using a questionnaire. The 5-degree Likert spectrum technique was used to measure the value of indicators of the Smart Mobility. The results show that average smart mobility was higher in regions 1 and 6 than in other regions. the average smart mobility indicators are in 11 and 9 the lowest in other regions. The Urban Smart Mobility variable does not have an appropriate position in Shiraz, and this has not only affected its development process in recent decades, but also poses many challenges for its future development. Accordingly, urban planners should Consider the citizen participation and efficient urban management.
Nazli Pakro, Dariyosh Sattarzadeh,
Volume 22, Issue 65 (6-2022)

the purpose of the present study is to examine the effective factors in the institutional challenges of citizen participation in sustainable urban regeneration in Tabriz city. The present research is developmental-applied regarding the purpose and methodologically hybrid which uses both qualitative and quantitative methods. The study population was selected for interviewing among managers and experts from organizations related to the subject of research. To analyze the quantitative findings, the spss22 software and the NVivo10 software were used to analyze the field interviews. The results of this study indicate that Tabriz city faces significant institutional challenges in the area of sustainable urban regeneration, though it is possible to increase the participation of citizens in urban regeneration projects, and take a step towards meeting these challenges through utilizing institutional components of effective citizen participation in urban regeneration, changing the view of authorities towards capacity and the capabilities of NGOs, the establishment and development of NGOs in relation to urban renewal and regeneration and the removal of legal barriers associated with NGOs can.

Sirous Rahimzadeh Sisibig, Alireza Shichaslami, Kianoosh Zakerhaghighi,
Volume 22, Issue 66 (9-2022)

In this regard, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the role of non-governmental organizations in improving the urban management system of Tehran metropolis in six physical, functional, social, economic, environmental and institutional dimensions. The research method was descriptive-analytical and the data collection method was documentary and survey. The research tool was a questionnaire. The statistical population of the study was the citizens of Tehran and the sample size was 383 people. The data were analyzed using T-test and confirmatory factor analysis. The results show that the level of significance in all dimensions is lower than 0.05; Therefore, according to the average scores, NGOs in Tehran have mainly played a greater role in the social and environmental dimensions and in the economic and institutional dimensions in the form of an intermediary relationship between urban management and citizens. In the framework of confirmatory factor analysis, comparison of explanatory variance by six factors showed that social, environmental, functional, physical, economic and institutional factors have the highest variance in explaining the role of factors in the urban management system of Tehran. A total of 20 main factors in explaining the role of semen were confirmed; Thus, it was found that the Samanids, given that they are in direct contact with citizens, can accurately reflect urban issues and realities to the urban management system; For this purpose, it is suggested that first, according to their different functions, the subdivisions should be classified into specialized subdivisions on various urban issues, and also their position in the urban management system should be upgraded.

Gholam Reza Soroushan, Abdallah Hendiani, Parvane Zivyar Pardei, Ali Tavakolan,
Volume 22, Issue 67 (12-2022)

In recent decades, the issue of resilience has become a specialized and public issue in society. Concepts of resilience in urban communities, which is in fact an action against development at the national level and purely physical development on an urban scale, and an attempt to achieve qualitative standards in the field of urban planning. In the meantime, the issue of resilience in urban communities means that society is able to withstand severe natural disasters without major damage, injury, production stoppage and reduced quality of life, and also at the superficial level, the goal of resilience as an ideal. The world is at the individual, organizational and community level. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of urban governance on urban resilience. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. The statistical population of the study consisted of citizens living in Tehran and experts in the field of research. The sample size was estimated for the statistical group of citizens using Cochran's formula 384 people and for specialists 60 people. In order to analyze the information and achieve the research objectives, structural equation modeling in LISREL software environment was used. Findings of this study showed that urban governance has a direct effect on urban resilience so that 0.42% of the variance of urban resilience variable can be explained by urban governance.
Fatemeh Raouf, Mohammad Motamedi, Aliakbar Poorahmad,
Volume 23, Issue 71 (12-2023)

Social health and social capital are considered one of the important indicators of development in the new international assessment, because the health of the individual and the society are so interdependent that it is impossible to set boundaries between them. The health status of people in the society affects the health of others and their emotions in various ways, as well as the socio-economic indicators of the society. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of public participation in order to increase the social health of the citizens of Shirvan. The research method is a survey, and the main tool for data collection is a questionnaire. The statistical population in the present study is all the residents of Shirvan city, and using Cochran's formula, the number of 384 people was determined as a statistical sample. The obtained results showed that among the dimensions of participation, the physical dimension with a value of 4.24 has the highest average. Among the dimensions of the social health index, the dimension of social cohesion with an average value of 4.75 has the highest average. . Finally, PLS statistical test was used to investigate the effect of the independent variable (participation of Shirvani citizens) on the dependent variable (social health) and the obtained coefficients showed that the independent variable (participation) has the greatest effect on the dependent variable (social health) in the physical dimension. Physical with a value of 36.031, and the least impact on the economic dimension with a value of 28.289 has been obtained

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