[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 20 (8-2021) ::
jls 2021, 8(20): 81-104 Back to browse issues page
A Semiotic Analysis of the Poem “... And I Had Cried” by Wasef Bakhtari Using Riffaterre’s Theory
Shirzad Taefi *1, Nasir Ahmad aryan2
1- Allameh Tabatabayi University , taefi@atu.ac.ir
2- Alberoni University
Abstract:   (1820 Views)
A researcher, lyricist, and a modernist, Wasef Bakhtari is regarded as one of the leading figures of contemporary Persian literature in Afghanistan. He is more known as a poet who writes difficult-to-understand poems, and his language is full of ambiguity and complexity. Therefore, in the present study, based on the semiotic theory of “Michael Riffaterre” and using qualitative content analysis and the retroactive reading approach, the ungrammaticalities, accumulations, descriptive systems, semantic transformations, and minimal semantic units in the poem “... And I Had Cried” by Bakhtari were determined and the elements that were the external signified of the signifiers inside the poem were introduced. The matrix scattered throughout the whole poem was obtained and its semantic structure was clarified. Riffaterre’s semiotic theory seeks to help the reader – by transcending imitative and exploratory reading and resorting to retroactive reading – go beyond the imitative layer of the text and enter the world of its signs, pursuant to which the structure of meaning in symbolic and ambiguous poems can be identified. The findings of the study show that the language of Bakhtari’s poetry is more complex than that of his contemporaries, but through various theories, including Riffaterre’s semiotic theory of poetry, it is possible to well penetrate the inner layers of meaning in his poetry and understand its semantic structure.
 
Keywords: Wasef Bakhtari, Semiotics, Riffaterre, Hypogram, Afghan Poetry
Full-Text [PDF 6380 kb]   (168 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
References
1. اوحدي¬اصفهاني، علي (1371) «سخني دربارة ادبيات معاصر دري در افغانستان». ايران¬شناسي. سال چهارم. شمارة 3: 586-601.
2. باختري، واصف (1395) حاشيه¬هاي گريزان از متن. به¬کوشش ناصر هوتکي. کابل: عازم.
3. برکت، بهزاد، و طيبه افتخاري (1389) «نشانه¬شناسي شعر: کاربست نظرية مايکل ريفاتر بر شعر «اي مرز پرگهر فروغ فرخزاد». پژوهش¬هاي زبان و ادبيات تطبيقي. دورة اول. شمارة 4: 109-130.
4. پاينده، حسين (1387) «نقد شعر آي آدم¬ها سرودة نيمايوشيج از منظر نشانه¬شناختي». فرهنگستان. دورة دهم. شمارة 4: 95-113.
5. پاينده، حسين (1388) «نشانه¬شناسي شعر (نقد نشانه¬شناختي شعر«زمستان»). شعر گوهران. شمارة 21 و 22: 165-183.
6. تودوروف، تزوتان (1392) نظرية ادبيات (متن¬هايي از فرماليست¬هاي روس). ترجمة عاطفه طاهايي. تهران: دات.
7. خراساني، شجاع¬الدين (1394) شعر معاصر دري. چاپ سوم. کابل: اميري.
8. شميسا، سيروس (1384) کليات سبک¬شناسي. ويراست دوم. تهران: ميترا.
9. فروغ، خالده (1390) گام بي¬توقف. کابل: برگ.
10. قويم، عبدالقيوم (1395) مروري بر ادبيات معاصر دري. چاپ ششم، کابل: سعيد.
11. کاظمي، محمدکاظم (1387) کليد در باز (رهيافت¬هايي در شعر بيدل). تهران: سورة مهر.
12. کالر، جاناتان (1388) در جست‌وجوي نشانه¬ها. ترجمة ليلا صادقي و تينا امرالهي. ويراستة فرزان سجودي. تهران: علمي.
13. گيرو، پير (1380) نشانه¬شناسي. ترجمة محمد نبوي. تهران: آگه.
14. مکاريک، ايرنا ريما (1385) دانش¬نامة نظريه¬هاي ادبي معاصر. ترجمة مهران مهاجر. چاپ دوم. تهران: آگه.
15. نبي¬لو، عليرضا (1391) «کاربرد نظرية نشانه¬شناسي مايکل ريفاتر در تحليل شعر ققنوس نيما». پژهش¬هاي زبان¬شناختي در زبان¬هاي خارجي. دورة اول. شمارة 2: 81-94.
16. Riffaterre, Michael (1983) Text Production. 1st ed. New York: Columbia University Press.
17. Riffaterre, Michael (1978) Semiotics of Poetry. 1st ed. Bloomingston: Indiana University Press.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

taefi S, ahmad aryan N. A Semiotic Analysis of the Poem “... And I Had Cried” by Wasef Bakhtari Using Riffaterre’s Theory. jls. 2021; 8 (20) :81-104
URL: http://jls.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1941-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 20 (8-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله مطالعات و تحقيقات ادبی Literary Studies
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4410