[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 21 (9-2021) ::
jls 2021, 8(21): 69-93 Back to browse issues page
Narrative interweaved with history in the History of Beyhaqi: The Hayden White’s Approach
Abolfazl Horri *
Arak University , horri2004tr@gmail.com
Abstract:   (351 Views)
Due to the closeness of the two words "history" and "story" the debate between narrative and history has long been a multi-faceted issue: to what extent is "history" narrative, and to what extent can narrative be historical? Is narrative utterly devoid of truth, and does history have a direct relation to truth, so much so that if history is emptied of truth, it loses its validity. If the truth is not recorded in history, will it no longer be the truth? What is the difference between historical narrative and narrative history? What is the difference between a narrative and a non-fiction and, or historical narrative? All the discussion between narrative and history is but between fiction and non-fiction. From this perspective, what is the status of Beyhaqi's History? From White's point of view, Beyhaqi's History is neither a chronology nor a chronicle but contains Beyhaqi's epistemological and teleological selections from the history of this period of Iran, which ironically has both an ideological and a political burden. Beyhaqi has turned "the real" into "the fiction". This article shows firstly how the History of Beyhaqi, as the product of a particular political discourse, has been prevailed in the Ghaznavid era, and secondly how it reflects the characteristics of this discourse, both on and off the screen. The History of Beyhaqi is a transition from a mythical and epic narrative to a historical and worldly narrative.

Keywords: History, Narrative, the real, the fiction, History of Beyhaqi
Full-Text [PDF 5951 kb]   (100 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
1. احمدی، کاوه (بی‌تا) آثار، تاریخ و تبار بیهقی. بی‌جا: بی‌نا.
2. بیهقی، ابوالفضل (۱۳۶۸) تاریخ بیهقی. تصحیح فیاض، با توضیحات خلیل خطیب‌رهبر. تهران: سعدی.
3. جهاندیده، سینا (۱۳۷۹) متن در غیاب استعاره: بررسی ابعاد زیباشناختی تاریخ بیهقی. رشت: چوبک.
4. حری، ابوالفضل (۱۳۸۹) «همبستگی سطوح روایت و فراکارکردهای هلیدی در داستان حسنک وزیر». ادب‌پژوهی. شماره 12: 69-87.
5. حسین‌پناهی، فردین (۱۳۹۰) «بررسی تقابل حقیقت و واقعیت در تاریخ بیهقی برمبنای تحلیل گفتمان». جستارهای ادبی. شماره ۱۷۳: ۹۹-۱۲۲.
6. راغب، محمد (۱۳۹۴) «نقش گسست‌های زمانی در اعتبار راوی در نیمه نخست تاریخ بیهقی». مطالعات تاریخ اسلام. شماره ۲۷: ۱۳۹-۱۷۴.
7. رضی، احمد (۱۳۸3) «داستان‌وارگی در تاریخ بیهقی». نامه فرهنگستان. شماره ۲۳: ۶-۱۹.
8. عبداللهیان، حمید (1375) «نگاهی به جنبه‌های داستان‌نویسی در تاریخ بیهقی». ادبیات داستانی. شماره 41: 98-104.
9. میلانی، عباس (۱۳۷۲) «تاریخ در تاریخ بیهقی». ایران‌شناسی. شماره ۲۰: ۷۲۰-۷۲۱.
10. میلانی، عباس (۱۳۷۸) تجدد و تجددستیزی در ایران. تهران: آتیه.
11. والدمن، رابینسون (۱۳۷۵) زمانه و زندگی و کارنامه بیهقی. ترجمه منصوره اتحادیه. تهران: تاریخ ایران.
12. یاحقی، محمدجعفر و مهدی سیدی (۱۳۷۹) دیبای دیداری. تهران: جامی.
13. یاوری، حورا (۱۳۸۰) «تأملی در ساختارهای روایی و نقش روایت‌های افزوده در تاریخ بیهقی». ایران‌شناسی. شماره ۴۹: ۱۱۷-۱۳۸.
14. Chatman, Seymour (1978) Story & Discourse: Narratve structure in fiction and film. Cornel University Press.
15. Amirsoleimani, Soheila (1999) "Truths and Lies: Irony and Intrigue in the Tārīkh-i Bayhaqī". Iranian Studies. Vol. 32. No. 2. pp. 243-259. [DOI:10.1080/00210869908701955]
16. Meisami, J. S. (1993) "The Past in Service of the Present: Two Views of History in Medieval Persia". Poetics Today. Vol. 14. No. 2. pp. 247-275. [DOI:10.2307/1773119]
17. Melville, Charles (Ed.) (2012) Persian Historiography (vol. X). London: I. B. Tauris & Co Ltd. [DOI:10.5040/9780755610426]
18. Waldman, M. R. (1980) Toward a Theory of Historical Narrative: A Case Study in Perso-Islamicate Historiography. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
19. White, Hayden (1987) the content of the form: narrative discourse and historical representation. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
20. White, Hayden (1973) Metahistory.The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-century Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Horri A. Narrative interweaved with history in the History of Beyhaqi: The Hayden White’s Approach. jls. 2021; 8 (21) :69-93
URL: http://jls.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1956-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 21 (9-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله مطالعات و تحقيقات ادبی Literary Studies
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.09 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4410