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Vajihe Torkamani Barandozi,
Volume 8, Issue 20 (8-2021)

Attention to the spiritual and psychological dimensions of the characters of the story using psychological theories has always been one of the methods of literary researchers to analyze the characters and show the capability and skill of the creators of the works as accurately as possible. In this descriptive and analytical research, using the “Choice Theory” of the contemporary psychologist, William Glasser, an attempt has been made to study the personality of Vis in “Vis and Rāmin” collection of poetry of Fakhruddin As’ad Gurgani. According to the choice theory, the root of all behaviors of a person emanates from one’s within and to satisfy one’s five fundamental needs (the need for love, survival, power, fun, and freedom). Thus, the main question of the research is that under the influence of which of the fundamental needs did Vis make bold choices? In other words, which of Vis’s fundamental needs were stronger than the other needs that led him to engage in such behavior? The findings showed that among the fundamental needs, the need for survival, the need for love and belonging, and the need for freedom were stronger in him than the other needs, respectively. Next after these needs are the need for power and the need for fun.

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