Volume 13, Issue 26 (12-2023)                   JRSM 2023, 13(26): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Hosseini S, Yaali R, Faezi G, Oftadeh S. Effect Of Practice Of Differential Learning And Contextual Interference On Badminton Backhand Short Serve Retention And Transfer. JRSM 2023; 13 (26) :1-10
URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2935-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University of Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3- Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University of Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5062 Views)
How the process of acquiring and learning new motor skills can be enhanced is one of the basic questions in theoretical and applied movement science, rehabilitation and sport. The Differential Learning (DL) approach is mainly characterized by taking advantage, for the purpose of learning, of fluctuations that occur, without movement repetitions and without corrections during the skill acquisition process. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Differential Learning (DL) and Contextual Interference (CI) on the Retention and Transfer of Badminton backhand short serve. Prior to the implementation of the protocol, all participants of the pre-test were taken. Then, each group of research performed for 8 sessions according to the type of training. One day after the completion of the practice protocol, of all participants were taken the tests of Retention and Transfer. The analysis t-test indicated that there was a significant difference between the groups DL and CI in tests Retention and Transfer (p= 0.00). In fact, the results of the research show the effectiveness of the DL approach on the Retention and Transfer of Badminton backhand short serve. Based on the results of the research, the conclusion is that the DL approach is useful for learning skills, and can discover adaptive solutions by creating oscillations in the individual and helped to improve and learning skills.
Full-Text [PDF 1755 kb]   (126 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: motor behavior
Received: 2023/01/15 | Accepted: 2023/12/22 | ePublished ahead of print: 2023/12/22 | Published: 2023/12/29

References
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15. Schollhorn W, Michelbrink M, Welminsiki D, Davids KW. Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements. InPerspectives on cognition and action in sport 2009 Jul 30 (pp. 59-73). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..
16. Hristovski R, Davids K, Araujo D, Passos P. Constraints-induced emergence of functional novelty in complex neurobiological systems: a basis for creativity in sport. Nonlinear Dynamics-Psychology and Life Sciences. 2011 Apr 1;15(2):175.
17. Henz D, John A, Merz C, Schöllhorn WI. Post-task effects on EEG brain activity differ for various differential learning and contextual interference protocols. Frontiers in human neuroscience. 2018 Jan 31;12:19. [DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00019]
18. Hossner EJ, Käch B, Enz J. On the optimal degree of fluctuations in practice for motor learning. Human movement science. 2016 Jun 1;47:231-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2015.06.007]
19. Hall KG, Magill RA. Variability of practice and contextual interference in motor skill learning. Journal of motor behavior. 1995 Dec 1;27(4):299-309. [DOI:10.1080/00222895.1995.9941719]
20. Frank TD, Michelbrink M, Beckmann H, Schöllhorn WI. A quantitative dynamical systems approach to differential learning: self-organization principle and order parameter equations. Biological cybernetics. 2008 Jan 1;98(1):19-31. [DOI:10.1007/s00422-007-0193-x]
21. Mateus N, Santos S, Vaz L, Gomes I, Leite N. The effect of a physical literacy and differential learning program in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills. Revista de psicología del deporte. 2015;24(1):73-6.
22. Savelsbergh GJ, Kamper WJ, Rabius J, De Koning JJ, Schöllhorn W. A new method to learn to start in speed skating: A differencial learning approach. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 2010 Oct 1;41(4):415.
23. I Schollhorn W, Hegen P, Davids K. The nonlinear nature of learning-A differential learning approach. The Open Sports Sciences Journal. 2012 Sep 13;5(1). [DOI:10.2174/1875399X01205010100]
24. I Schollhorn W, Hegen P, Davids K. The nonlinear nature of learning-A differential learning approach. The Open Sports Sciences Journal. 2012 Sep 13;5(1). [DOI:10.2174/1875399X01205010100]
25. Bozkurt S. The Effects of Differential Learning and Traditional Learning Trainings on Technical Development of Football Players. Journal of Education and Training Studies. 2018 Apr;6:25-9. [DOI:10.11114/jets.v6i4a.3229]
26. Trockel M, Schöllhorn WI. Differential training in soccer. InEuropean workshop on movement science Mechanics and Physiology, Müster (Alemania) 2003 (pp. 22-24).

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