Volume 11, Issue 21 (7-2021)                   JRSM 2021, 11(21): 56-70 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Shahid Beheshti University
2- Shahid Beheshti University , elhamazimzadeh@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3041 Views)

Self-report psychological questionnaires are important tools for assessing cognitive and emotional status of athletes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of test of performance strategies (TOPS) among athletes. For this purpose, 209 males (n=125) and females (n=84) national and champions athletes aged 15 to 18 completed TOPS measure. It was used confirmatory factor analysis to test the construct validity of questionnaire and Cronbach's alpha coefficient for testing internal consistency of each factor items. The results of factor analysis identified eight subscales of goal-setting, automaticity, emotional-control, imagery, activation, positive self-talk, relaxation, attentional control/negative thinking for the practice and competition. The results of the Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated appropriate internal consistency of subscales items of practice (.70 to .95) and competition (.77 to .88). It seems that this questionnaire is an appropriate tool for measuring psychological skills among young athletes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: motor behavior
Received: 2018/05/22 | Accepted: 2019/10/26 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/10/24 | Published: 2021/07/1

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