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Showing 14 results for Coach

Abbas Nazarian Madavani, Fereydoon Tondnevis, Seyyed Amir Ahmad Mozaffari,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (12-2011)

The purpose of the present study was to determinethe effect of coaching behaviors on coaching efficacy and team dynamic of vollyball pro- league in Iran (2009). 160 athletes and coach from 13 team participated as samples in this study. Coacing behavior was measured by Martin, S.B., & Barnes, K. (1999) Coaching Behavior questionnaire. Coaching Efficacy was measured by Feltz, D.L., Chase, M.A, Mortiz, S.A., Sullivan, P.J. (1999) coaching efficacyquestionnaire. Team Dynamic (team cohesion and collective efficacy), was measured by Carron, A.V., Brawely, L., Widmeyer, W. (1998) team cohesion questionnaire and Felts, D.L., & Lirg, C.D., (1998) collective efficacy questionnaire. The statistical procedure also was based on descriptive and inferential basis and included multivariable regression. The results indicated that coaching behaviors effect on coaching efficacy and team dynamic. Also coaching efficacy effect on team dynamic. As the results revealed, higher frequency of Reinforcement, Mistake – Contingent technical instruction, General communication and organizing behaviors styles, showed an increase in coaching efficacy and team dynamic( team cohesion and collective efficacy) over the season. On the other hand, higher frequency Punishment and Punitive technical instruction behaviors style, an decrease in coaching efficacy and team dynamic ( team cohesion and collective efficacy) over the season.
Mohsen Vahdani, Reza Sheikh Yoosefi, Mehrdad Moharramzadeh, Misagh Hoseini Keshtan, Jamshid Jalilvand,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (8-2012)

The present study examined the relationship between coach's leadership styles and group cohesion in the individual and group teams participating in the 10th sport domestic universiade of male students. 321 out of 1906  students selected as sample of this study. Athletes completed two instruments in this study Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS, Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980) and the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ, Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985). The LSS contains 40 items that measures five dimensions of leadership styles and The GEQ with 18 items assess the two dimensions group cohesion. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was utilized to examine the internal reliability of LSS (r=0.85) and GEQ (r=0.72). Data were analyzed with one-sample kolmogrov-Smirnov, repeated measures ANOVA, Bonfferoni post hoc test,Pearson Correlation coefficient, and T-test(for independent groups), significance level of P&le0.05. Results showed coaches exhibited higher in training and instruction and lower in autocratic style among both interactive group teams and co-acting teams. Finally, there are no significant differences in task and social levels of interactive group teams and co-acting teams. Results showed coach’s styles of training and instruction, democratic, social support and positive feedback were all positively correlated to group cohesion and autocratic style negatively correlated to group cohesion.
Mohsen Behnam, Mehrzad Hamidi, Hamid Reza Ahmadi, Hossein Bakhshandeh,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2012)

This research aims to determination effect of changing coach on team’s performance in the Iran’s Football Pro-League during season. The method applied in this research is causal-comparative. The participants in this research were all the 54 teams in Iran’s pro league during three seasons (2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11) and 30 teams which changed coaches were chosen as a sample. Variance analysis results showed that changing coach had no effect on team’s performance in none of 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 12, 16, 18, 20 games before and after changing coach (p<0.05). Changing coach in short term had a few effect, and had no effect in long term on team performance (p<0.05). It seems that changing coach is not the only option to improve team’s performance. Other elements like player’s motivation, on time salary reception, rewards, player’s quality, referee’s quality and etc. can affect team’s performance.
Hamid Janani, Fereydoon Tondnevis, Amir Ahmad Mozaffari,
Volume 3, Issue 5 (4-2013)

Conflict Management is a leadership interpersonal skill. Using proper leadership styles can lead to effective conflict management. This research aims to study the relationship between transformational and transactional leadership in Bass model (1985) with conflict management strategies in Iran futsal pro-leagues coaches. Coaches leadership style and conflict management strategies were measured by MLQ (1996) and OCCI (1991) questionnaires. Statistical population involves 360 players that 197 persons were selected randomly. Above questionnaires were distributed after determination of validity and reliability. In order to data analysis, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were employed. In order to determine the relationship between leadership styles and conflict management strategies, pearson correlation coefficient    was used. Results show that there was a significant positive relationship between transformational leadership style and collaborating strategy and there was a negative significant relationship with compromising, avoiding, accommodating and competing (p<0/01). There was a positive significant relationship between transactional leadership style with collaborating, compromising and competing strategies (p<0/01), negative significant relationship with avoiding (p<0/01) and accommodating (p<0/05) strategies. There was a negative significant relationship between laissez-fair leadership with collaborating and competing strategies (p<0/05), a positive significant relationship between laissez-fair leadership with avoiding and accommodating (p<0/01), and non significant relationship with compromising.  According to this fact that collaborating strategy is sign of effective strategies, avoiding and competing are signs of noneffective strategies and compromising and accommodating strategies show combined use of conflict it was infered that coaches transformational and transactional leadership have positive relationship with effective conflict management at this case the relationship with transformational style was stronger.
Mohammad Hadi Ghasemi, Ali Mohammad Amirtash, Kambiz Kamkary,
Volume 3, Issue 6 (12-2013)

Many of the social interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of sports, exercise and physical activity (Jowett & Cockerill, 2002). One of the special relationship, is the relationship between athletes and coach, which in the case of duration and intensity is similar to conventional and unique relationship between leaders and followers. In such environments, a key component in determining the effectiveness of leadership is the existence of trust in the leader by the follower (Zhang, 2004). Therefore the primary proposes of this study were to a)examine the relationship between athlete’s trust in the coach and athletic performance and b) identification the portion of antecedences and consequences of trust in the coach to promote athletic performance. Based on the literature on trust, a theoretical model was proposed. In this model perceived characteristics (i.e., ability, benevolence, justice and integrity) and perceived behaviors (i.e., reactive and natural) of the coach were posited as the antecedences of trust in the coach. The athlete’s propensity to trust, which reflects the athlete’s general tendency to rely on others words and behaviors, and reputation which reflects the athlete’s acceptability of the coach were posited to moderate the relationship of antecedences with athlete’s trust in the coach. High level athletes and national champions (N=142) of three technical sport (i.e., Gymnastics, Diving and Vusho) were included the statistical society. The instrument of research was a questionnaire’s package which was comprised of four separate questionnaires. Two structural equation models involving (a) antecedents of an Athlete’s trust in the coach and (b) consequences of an athlete’s trust in the coach were tested employing structural equation modeling technique. Results showed that athlete’s trust in the coach can be predicted by antecedences (i.e., coach’s characteristics and behaviors) of trust in the coach. Athlete’s propensity to trust was found to moderate the relations of perceived coach’s characteristics on athlete’s trust in the coach. Athlete’s commitment and cooperate with the coach and athlete’s risk taking behavior as the consequences of athlete’s trust in the coach could be posited as the provident in perceived performance and finally athlete’s trust in the coach has a indirect relationship with perceived performance through commitment and cooperation with the coach. No significant relationship was observed between trust and its consequences with the actual performance of athletes.
Zahra Hajianzehaei, Fereydoon Tondnevis,
Volume 3, Issue 6 (12-2013)

The objective of this study was to survey the relationship among coaching behavior, achievement motivation and team players performance of Iranian Handball pro-league. In this regard the coaching behavior questionnaire (CBQ) of Martin and Barens (1999) and sport attitude inspection questioners of  Willis (SAI) (1980) was used for survey of achievement motivation. Reliability of research tools after a fundamental survey by using Cronbach's alpha test (Questionnaire of Coaching Behavior, &alpha=0.74 and Sport Attitude Questionnaire, &alpha=0.74) was obtained. Statistical population of this study comprised of present players in Men Handball Pro-league in 1389-90.considering 14 players for each team, 168 players were chosen as a sample population. For the analyzes of the data descriptive statistic (average, standard deviation, tables and displays) and inferential statistic (Cronbach's alpha, for the test of inter homogeneity of questionnaire, confirmatory factor analyses for assessment of tools validity for gathering data, structural equation modeling in order to test the suggested approaches as well as test of theories) were used. The results revealed that there is meaningful relationship between positive reaction and achievement motivation among players. Also findings showed that there was a negative and meaningful relationship between negative reaction and achievement motivation. No meaningful relation was observed between positive, negative and natural behavior of coaching with team performance. Results showed there was a meaningful relation between natural behavior and achievement motivation. Also the relation between achievement motivation and team performance turn out to be meaningful. So due to research findings, programming seems to be important for coaching acknowledgements toward the effectiveness of team performanc
Mr Ebrahim Ghasem Zadeh, Dr Seyed Mohamad Hosein Razavi, Mr Saeed Amir Nezhad,
Volume 5, Issue 10 (12-2015)

Objective: The purpose of current investigation is studding of talent identification factors and education talent development on the track & field's athletes in Iran by views of experts, coaches and athletes.Methodology: The descriptive research method was used in current research. The number of 150 experts, coaches and athletes were recruited in this research.  The number of 6 variables and 45 options form questioner were applied in statistical analysis.  Reliability of questioner was examined and the result shows the high in reliability (Cronbach's alpha test: 0.82). For data analysis KS, binomial, one sample t-test and the Friedman test were used. SPSS software was applied for statistical analysis.The result of statistical analysis has been shown significant effect and intervention by one sample t-test and binomial test in 6 factors: Knowledge and understanding, How to attract and identify, Quality of track and equipment, Role of the Athletics Federation and council, Coaches and sponsors role.Conclusion: Given the importance of the athletics federation and sponsors role in the talent Identification and talent education on the track & field's athletes in Iran, these factors may play an vital role

Dr Esfandiar Khosravi Zadeh, Dr Alireza Elahi, Dr Alireza Bahrami, Mr Abed Haghdadi, Mr Tiam Nastoohi,
Volume 7, Issue 13 (4-2017)

Women sport have been developed, but it seems that sport coaches confronted with some problems. The purpose of this study was to survey the women sport coaches problems. The statistical population was women sport coaches that working with Arak sport bodies. The statistical sample consisted of 76 coaches. Data were collected by researcher-made questionnaire which its content and face validity was confirmed by 10 faculty members and experts of sport management. Factor analysis was used to construct validity of questionnaire. Coronbachs alpha coefficient was used to test the reliability of questionnaire (α = 0.85). Friedman test was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the participants have been confronted with some problems on areas such as sport organizations, sport spaces, athletes, personal, media, and other coaches that influence on their coaching. Solving these problems can help coaches so they perform their key duties and help to women sport development
Dr Hamid Salehi, Mr Ali Bahrami Nia,
Volume 8, Issue 16 (12-2018)

The purpose of the present investigation was to develop and initial validation of a measure for assessing the athletes perceptions of coaches’ behaviors that promote fairplay behaviors. A three-step procedure was undertaken to develop the questionnaire. In the initial step, the literature review provided theoretical and empirical perspectives on how youth sport coaches can influence athletes’ fairplay behaviors. In step 2, a pool of 191 items worded and content validity was assessed. In the final step, 252 teenage male athletes (age range 14-19; mean age =15.88±1.34 years) who were participating in a variety of team sports (i.e., volleyball, basketball, soccer, futsal) completed a revised 164-item questionnaire. Principal components analyses further reduced the number of items to 30 and suggested a four-factor structure (i.e., modeling, instruction, pressure, and dialogue dimensions). The results revealed that the final 30-item version of the Coaching Fairplay Behaviors Inventory possesses a good psychometric basis with adequate internal consistency and which explain 57.80% of the total variance. Collectively, this study provides a new valid and reliable instrument for assessing the specific mechanisms by which coaches promote fairplay behaviors among teenagers, although more investigations are needed to validate this tool.
Mr Ghasem Babaei Zarch, Dr Hamid Salehi,
Volume 10, Issue 20 (11-2020)

Identifying motivational barriers to sport participation in children and adolescents is important for engaging them in sport activities. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceptions of children and adolescents, parents, and sport coaches about barriers of youth sport participation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 children and adolescents, 8 parents, and 5 coaches. Content analysis was employed to analysis the transcripts. The results of the data analysis yielded some themes as the motivational barriers to participation in sport by children and adolescents that were grouped into two domains: the personal and the environment barriers. Constituent themes in the personal barrier’s domain included: the lack of having sport talent and lack of progression in sport, not pleasuring from participation in sport, and sport related injuries. Constituent themes related to the environmental barrier’s domain included: lake of sports culture, lake of facilities, economic problems, not being supported, and not having future. This qualitative study provided a deeper understanding about motivational barriers for habituation to sport in children and adolescents. The themes would lead youth sports organizers, parents, and coaches to motivate youth to participate and endure in sport activities by changing the personal and environmental factors. 
Mahmod Mohebi, Sahar Zarei, Hassan Gharaian Zandi,
Volume 11, Issue 21 (7-2021)

The purpose of this research was conducted to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and perfectionism, quality of coach–athlete relationship in elite material arts. Present study research method was descriptive– correlational, The statistical population included all the martial arts (Taekwondo, karate, judo, wushu and wrestling) present in Super league Competitions in 2017 and 300 male (60 Coaches and 240 Athletes) were participated and completed the Questionnaires of emotional intelligence, perfectionism and quality of coach–athlete relationship. The data was analyzed by Pearson correlation and multiple regression (Enter method) tests. The results revealed a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and self-oriented perfectionism with quality of coach–athlete relationship (p>0.01), In addition, Data analysis revealed that emotional intelligence and perfectionism predict 58 percent of quality of coach–athlete relationship variance, But this prediction was reversed with dimensions of other-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism. (p>0.001). According to the findings, It seems that character of emotional intelligence and perfectionism in Coaches have an effective role in quality of coach–athlete relationship and the levels of quality of this relationship which elite material arts uses is correlated with these characteristics.

Dr Mahrokh Dehghani,
Volume 12, Issue 24 (12-2022)

Nonlinear methods in physical education is a new idea that covers all the disadvantages of the traditional method and is effective for learning and implementation based on the results of studies compared to the linear method. However, it is not clear how much this method is used by trainers in Iran. This study sought to determine what kind of method (linear / non-linear) instructors use for training. Therefore, 15 expert trainers were selected by available method and interviewed by semi-structured method. The study and determination of linear or non-linear methods was based on the differences between linear and non-linear methods and the results showed based on the interview of trainers and taking into account the target categories, repetition, pattern, description, variability, feedback and instructions. The educators studied in this study use the linear method in education. The results of this study show that the university environment and practice in the field of education are separate and emphasizes that specialists in nonlinear methods should raise the awareness of sports coaches by holding training workshops and increasing knowledge. Also, the use of physical education graduates in the field of coaching and as teachers of federations may be helpful in this regard.

Student Maryam Rakhsati Araqi, Dr Esmail Nasiri, Dr Sadegh Nasri, Dr Mohammad Reza Esmaili,
Volume 100, Issue 100 (10-2020)

Coaching is a dynamic and multidimensional process that involves the interaction between the coach, the athlete, the environment and the task, in order to enhance the athlete's performance. Based on the evidence, the coaching method can affect the behavioral aspects of the athlete. In this study, the effectiveness of student-based and coach-based coaching styles on sport self-efficacy and athletic performance of female gymnasts was studied. The research method was quasi-experimental and a pre-test-post-test design was used. The statistical population was female semi-professional gymnasts aged 11-14 in Tehran. The sampling method is one-stage cluster and the research sample was 40 female gymnasts. Variable assessment tools included Sport Self-Efficacy Questionnaire and a researcher-made sports performance Checklist. After the pre-test, the groups performed the athlete- based and coach- based exercises protocol separately for two months and two days a week in one-and-a-half-hour sessions. Covariance analysis was used to test the hypothese. Findings in the post-test stage showed that sport self-efficacy (P <0.001) and athletic performance (P <0.001) of female gymnasts in the student-based group were significantly higher than the coach-based group. It is concluded that student-based exercises style is more effective in increasing Gymnasts' sports self-efficacy and athletic performance compared to coach-based, and coaches are suggested to pay special attention to student-centered exercises in the training program for semi-professional gymnasts.
Mrs Mohadeseh Sadeghi, Dr Mohammadreza Moradi, Dr Morteza Hatefi,
Volume 100, Issue 100 (10-2020)

The aim of this research is to identify and prioritize the criteria for selecting base coaches for basketball teams using the DEMATEL technique and network analysis process under fuzzy conditions. This study is considered applied in terms of its objective and methodology and falls under the descriptive category. The statistical population of this research consists of 10 university experts and opinion holders who have experience in coaching base basketball teams or have relevant qualifications in human resource management in sports. Initially, through library studies and interviews with experts, the criteria for selecting base basketball team coaches were identified. After identifying the criteria, using the DEMATEL method, the internal relationships between the criteria were determined. Then, the expert questionnaire was used to determine the importance of each criterion using the Analytic Network Process (ANP) method. The results showed that among the main factors, technical and legal competence with a weight of 0.128, psychological and communication skills with a weight of 0.075, and inclination for growth and excellence with a weight of 0.046 had higher importance. Among the sub-criteria, having a coaching license with a weight of 0.052, participation in special base coaching courses with a weight of 0.039, and mastery of psychological growth concepts with a weight of 0.034 had higher importance. Finally, it was shown that all the identified criteria are influential in selecting base basketball team coaches, and it is necessary for managers to consider these criteria in the selection process.

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