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Showing 11 results for Fan

Abolfazl Alizadeh Golrizi, Vahid Saatchian, Alireza Elahi,
Volume 3, Issue 6 (12-2013)

The purpose of this study was comparison among of Fans loyalty motivation, supportive career and attendance in Iran’s popular soccer pro league clubs (Persepolis, Esteghlal, Teraktorsazi and Sepahan). The design applied in this research was descriptive-correlation.  The populations were whole pro league soccer fans in competition between Persepolis and Sepahan (with 55000 populations) and Esteghlal and Teraktorsazi (80000 populations).  So according to the Morgan sampling table in fires match 381 fans and in the second one 384 fans were selected and questionnaires distributed among them. Based on review of pervious literature by Jallai, T (2008) questionnaire were used. Questionnaire reliability was confirmed by factor analysis, related masters and professional, and validity in a primary study by Cronbach’s alpha (0.81). The results showed that team interest and club affiliation were two important loyalty motivations and escape and socializing were the least important motivations to fans. Also in rate of important motivations there were significant differences in sense of club affiliation, socialization, escape from reality and normal routine, football knowledge, exciting games, win proxy, club management, the impact of others and non-interest (players, color, name and logo) among clubs Fans. Indeed Persepolis & Esteghlal fans in compare to other teams had a long history (more than 11 years) in supporting (Fandom career) their clubs through different periods. Finally according to the results, it seems that this research could give some guidance for club managers to attract more fans about fans loyalty factors.

Volume 5, Issue 9 (4-2015)

The purpose of this study was to investigation of Motivation Role on Team Identity
of Football Fans in Sistan and Baluchestan University. This study is descriptive
and correlational one. Statistical population included all students and Staff of
Sistan and Baluchestan University in the academic year of 2012-2013. Since the
size of the statistical population was over 10,000 people, Based on Sample Table
of Morgan, Sample size was determined 384 people. For data collection, Trail
and Jame's team identity questionnaire (2001) and Gao et,al and motivation
questionnaire (2009) were used. Validity of the questionnaires were confirmed by
professors of physical education for reliability of questionnaires used, Cronbach's
alpha coefficient, respectively were 0.94 and 0.88. Data were analyzed by
inferential statistics, including Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple
regression. Results showed that motivation fans have significant correlation with
their team's identity (r =0.68). Also, except variable escape (escape from
boredom), other variables (social interaction, entertainment, team affiliation,
achievement and family) were able to be the significant predictor of team identify.
Entertainment with beta (β= 0.514) was a stronger predictor for team identity

Mr Hosein Bakhshandeh, Dr Majid Jalali Farahani, Dr Seyed Nasrollah Sajjadi,
Volume 6, Issue 11 (9-2016)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of club's social responsibility on the fan's intention to purchasing the sponsors products. Population of this study was consists of the fans of three teams that selected of the Iranian Football Pro League. By using the formula to determine the sample size, it for infinite population obtained 384. For data collection, the social responsibility questionnaire and purchase intention questionnaire were used. By using the Views of 6 sports management professionals, the formal validity of the questionnaires was checked. To verify the Construct Validity of social responsibility instrument, Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were performed. In order to verify the normality of data distribution, the skewnes, and Kurtosis indexes were used. For data analysis, statistical tests such as mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression method were used. Results showed that all dimensions of social responsibility have a significant effect on the fans reaction. Based on the research results, it is recommended to the managers that activities such as participating in the games aimed at helping needy people, implementing the federation’s rules, support of sport for all are suitable for enhancing the fan Purchase intention.

Mrs Maryam Taheri Kia, Mrs Atefeh Asad Zadeh, Dr Alireza Elahi,
Volume 8, Issue 15 (8-2018)

The participation of spectators– including both men and women- in sport stadiums and their profitability is one of the new experiences in the world of sports . A significant proportion of Persepolis and Esteghlal fans are women; so, providing conditions for women's loyalty to these teams can help in some decisions on fans management.One of the reasons for  loyalty of fans may be the team's quality. In this study, attitudinal and behavioral loyalty of Persepolis and Esteghlal fans was predicted by quality of teams. For this purpose, 395 cases were randomly selected from female students who were the fans of Esteghlal and Persepolis teams from 20 universities in Tehran using Morgan table. They completed Zhang's quality of team questionnaire (1997) and Mahoney’s fans psychological commitment questionnaire (2000). The results indicated significant and direct relationship between team’s quality and fans attitudinal loyalty (r = 0.449, p <0.01). Also, quality of team explained about 20% of change in fans’ attitudinal loyalty (  According to results, attitudinal loyal of fans was impressed by the quality of team. Then, employing famous players and coaches, providing attractive games, and things like that, female fans may be more loyal.
Sardar Mohammadi, Mojtaba Ghasemi Siani,
Volume 9, Issue 18 (12-2019)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of negative news about the attitude of fans towards the players and Persepolis football team. The statistical population of the study was all students of Persepolis football team in Kurdistan University. A sample of 200 people was selected and simple random sampling method was used for data collection. The research method was semi experimental and factorial design was 2 * 2 * 2. A questionnaire was used to measure identity and attitude towards Persepolis team. The questions from the questionnaire were from previous research questions, and only changes in the scale of the measurements of some of the components were given. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation) and inferential (independent t-test, one way covariance analysis) were used to analyze the data. The research findings showed that unpopular negative news about negative deficiencies led to a more negative attitude toward fans and the Persepolis team. Also, the negative attitude to the Persepolis players and players in high and low identity fans is different in the negative news of the incompetence related and unrelated to sport, but is not the same in the negative immoral news of related and unrelated negative news. The Persepolis club can prevent the development of immoral and incompetence issues by controlling and monitoring the well-known players in the team. By preventing the publication of false and negative news from other news sources, it prevents fans from developing a negative attitude toward the team.
Dr Shahram Nazarpouri, Dr Abbas Bahram,
Volume 10, Issue 20 (11-2020)

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between movement motivation and motor development in infants with and without the experience of kindergarten. The population of this study included all parents with infant's boys with 10 to 11 month in Tehran. Among them, 150 infants with and 150 infants without the experience of kindergarten using the multi-stage random sampling the method was selected as the sample groups. Data collection tools included an infant movement motivation questionnaire and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale–Second Edition (PDMS-2), the data analysis was done using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, linear regression, and t-test in a significance level of p≤0.05. The results showed that there was a significant relationship (P=0/000), between movement motivation and motor development in infants with and without the experience of kindergarten. In the same context, a significant difference (P=0/000), was obtained in movement motivation and motor development between of infants with and without kindergarten experience and infants without the kindergarten experience, movement motivation, and motor development was higher. These results indicate that care of infants in kindergarten Centers may be due to the weakness of the programs and facilities have negative effects on of them movement motivation and motor development.

Reza Khorshidi, Dr Alireza Elahi, Dr Farideh Hadavi,
Volume 11, Issue 21 (7-2021)

This study was done to predict Consumption Behavior of spectators including tendency to Attend Again and purchasing marked merchandises. So, using correlation method, presented spectators in Azadi Stadium are chosen as statistical population. 696 people were chosen randomly and fill Alimohammadi's questionnaire of factors affecting presence and Kim's questionnaire of spectators' Consumption Behavior. Results from multi-regression analyze show that excitement, attendance & support, interaction & escape and information & attractiveness components have ability to prediction tendency to spectators of Esteghlal and Perspollis Attend Again and attendance and support components have ability to prediction purchasing marked merchandises. Attendance and support components have the most influence and interaction and escape have the least effect on spectators' tendency to Attend Again. According to these results, it can be suggested to managers of this clubs to more activate fan clubs, increase matches excitements and improve knowledge of spectators.

Dr Hajar Jahadian Sarvestani,
Volume 11, Issue 22 (12-2021)

The present study aims to investigate the Modeling dynamic factors affecting fine motor development milestone of 9- 12 month old infants. The study was a descriptive- survey, that considering the type and aims of the research was considered as an applied research. To this end 283 infants were screened in regard with age and stage questionnaire. The applied measures were preparation of the home environment for the infant motor development, the parental postpartum attachment scale, Beak habitual physical activity questionnaire and General health questionnaire. Factors affecting motor activities were grouped into three sections including Individual, Environmental and Mother Factors. The related data were analyzed by independent T, MANOA, step by step regression and structural equation. The results of structural equation indicated that individual factors (0.99) has the most important effect on anticipation fine motor development (sleep position and season of birth were associated with fine motor development), after that environmental factor (-0.28) and finally mother factor (-0.09) has effects on anticipation fine milestone in 9-12 month old infants, Results of the regression showed that considering individual factors, motivation is significant and in regard with environmental factors, affordance is significant in anticipation of fine motor development milestone in 9-12 month old infants. Results of the present study were concentrated on Branfen bernner model.

Mr Mahdi Latifi Fard, Dr Marjan Saffari,
Volume 11, Issue 22 (12-2021)

Fans like to talk about their favorite team and players with others. Professional team fans use social media to learn more about teams, connect with other fans, follow teams and players, and build a fan community. Social media by creating a network of users has become a platform for researchers to study fan behavior. Given that members of the fan community interact with each other, their opinions on social media also has determined relation to each other. The present study to understand and discover the relationship between fans 'opinions of El Clásico, used the network approach. In this study, Facebook was selected as the research platform to analyze the media consumption of fans about the El Clásico in the 2017-18 season. Finally, fan comments were divided into 14 categories. The results showed that the three nodes of "references to the team", "references to the individual" and "references to the game" are the most important categories that have kept the network of dialogue between the fans dynamic. While these three nodes of "references to the team", "references to the individual" and "references to the game" are important structurally and network-wise , but from a behaviorism point of view, team identification plays a key role in creating such a network. This means that the underlying role of the "use of us and them" node in the network of opinions is certain.

Mr Shahoo Zamanidadaneh, Dr Mohamma Reza Esmaili, Dr Ali Zarei,
Volume 11, Issue 22 (12-2021)

Nowadays, social responsibility is not limited to specific organization, and clubs and sports teams have included various forms of social responsibility in their goals and are involved in their implementation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of club social responsibility on the supportive behavior of the brand of football fans with the mediating role of attitude: The moderator role was empathy. The method of the present study was descriptive-survey and was applied studies according to the purpose. In the present study, Persepolis Club as the study club and the statistical population of the present study consisted of all fans of Persepolis Club.360 people were selected as the research sample and the available sampling method was used. Galbraith (2010) questionnaire was used to evaluate social responsibility, Zhi et al. (2019) questionnaire was used to support brand behaviors, and Zhi et al. (2019) questionnaire was used to measure attitude and empathy variables.To review and analyze of the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used using the construction equation model, which used SPSS 25 and Smart PLS 3.2.9 software for experiments and analysis. The results showed that social responsibility had an effect on brand support behaviors and fan attitudes, also,the attitude of the fans on the supportive behaviors of the brand was influential and the mediating role of the fans' attitude regarding the impact of social responsibility on the supportive behaviors was confirmed. Finally, empathy plays a moderating role between the impacts of club social responsibility on fan supportive behaviors.

Mr Zeinolabedin Rezaei, Dr Abbas Khodayari, Dr Mehdi Kohandel,
Volume 12, Issue 24 (12-2022)

In this study, some predictions and consequences of football fans' engagement have been examined. The present research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of how to collect descriptive information of correlation type. To collect the required data, Persepolis football team fans (n = 220) were considered as a statistical sample and completed the electronic questionnaires voluntarily. To collect data from six questionnaires; Team Quality Questionnaire Zhang et al. (1997), Communication Quality Questionnaire Nyadzayo et al. (2015), Emotional Satisfaction Questionnaire Reynolds & Beatty (1999), Perceived Value Questionnaire Daniel Sweeney (2008), Engagement Questionnaire Researcher-made, Behavioral Questionnaire Kim (2008) has been used. The results of structural equation modeling showed that team quality affects emotional satisfaction and engagement of fans, but relationship quality only affects engagement. The relationship between emotional satisfaction and fan engagement as well as the relationship between engagement and behavioral intentions was positive and significant. The role of positive mediation of emotional satisfaction on the relationship between team quality and fan engagement was confirmed. Also, Perceived value moderated the causal relationship between relationship quality and emotional satisfaction. According to the results, it is suggested that the clubs, by improving the quality of their team and relationship with the fans, create a permanent engagement for them so that they can increase their intention to re-presence and word of mouth spread.

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