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Volume 5, Issue 9 (4-2015)

One of the approaches towards increasing income and economic development
for clubs in countries recognized for their football is registering these clubs as
commercial enterprises like other commercial companies and organizations.
Therefore, the aim of this study is designing effective commercialization
mechanisms for football clubs in Iran. For this purpose, a qualitative research
method was adopted, and detailed interviews with 31 experts who were aware of
this subject were done. Findings from interview analysis led to two conceptual
models of progress path of football clubs and their commercialization
mechanisms. Commercialization model is based on four principal major
relationships consisting of appropriate sport relationship, appropriate economic
relationship, appropriate sport- economic relationship and relationship that exists
in Iranian football now, as well as13 micro and detailed relationships. The findings
showed that government was the main obstacle on the way towards
commercialization of football clubs. The other results showed that many experts
were not optimistic about the existing condition.

Zahra Mohammadi, Zohreh Meshkati, Mehdi Zhianpour,
Volume 9, Issue 18 (12-2019)

The aim of this study was to identify resource-efficient individual experiences handball national team athletes. This was a qualitative study and applied phenomenology as its methodology. The research community, athletes, field handball national team in 1393 (2014), which were selected purposefully and snowball method. Participants (8 men and 4 women) voluntarily participated in this study. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were used. Data were analyzed using themed analysis. The study was an attempt by the standards of credibility, reliability, and portability Verifiability is reliable. The findings obtained from the interviews, resource-efficient individual participants in 4 explanatory Code "sports experiences", "practical experience", "social experience", "mental experiments" were identified. The findings were similar to other theories and were complementary and special in some regards. Some findings were contradictory. This study of the subject individual efficiency to achieve more success in the international sports arena offers a handball Iran.  

Chalak Majidi, Marjan Saffari, Mohammad Khabiri,
Volume 10, Issue 19 (8-2020)

In the recent years, adventure sports have been growing increasingly. Adventure sports are new and appealing activities that regularly include some kinds of physical and mental challenges and relative presence of natural environment. These activities are presenting new paths and sometime they called as a serious competitor for mainstream sport. The aim of this study was to present a paradigm for adventure sports development. The qualitative methodology used in this study has followed an interpretive approach that was achieved by grounded theory. Data was collected from literature, interviews, focus groups, adventure sports related documentary films and movies. Results of this study are presenting adventure sports paradigm. In this paradigm developmental causal conditions of adventure sports, contexture of adventure sports, existing intervening conditions and contextual conditions, strategies and tactics for developing adventure sports and finally consequences. To appropriate recognition and encountering with this field, that most probably will be one of the main part of sport, we suggest doing more scientific research, especially with futurology approaches. 

Mr Ghasem Babaei Zarch, Dr Hamid Salehi,
Volume 10, Issue 20 (11-2020)

Identifying motivational barriers to sport participation in children and adolescents is important for engaging them in sport activities. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceptions of children and adolescents, parents, and sport coaches about barriers of youth sport participation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 children and adolescents, 8 parents, and 5 coaches. Content analysis was employed to analysis the transcripts. The results of the data analysis yielded some themes as the motivational barriers to participation in sport by children and adolescents that were grouped into two domains: the personal and the environment barriers. Constituent themes in the personal barrier’s domain included: the lack of having sport talent and lack of progression in sport, not pleasuring from participation in sport, and sport related injuries. Constituent themes related to the environmental barrier’s domain included: lake of sports culture, lake of facilities, economic problems, not being supported, and not having future. This qualitative study provided a deeper understanding about motivational barriers for habituation to sport in children and adolescents. The themes would lead youth sports organizers, parents, and coaches to motivate youth to participate and endure in sport activities by changing the personal and environmental factors. 

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