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Showing 6 results for Structure

Somayeh Safari, Fereydoon Tondnevis, Farideh Hadavi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational structure and innovation of staff experts of physical education organization.
Statistical population was all of staff experts of Physical Education Organization (n=320), which hence, 160 subjects were selected randomly. For collecting research data, personal information Questionnaire, Robin’s standardized Organizational Structure Questionnaire (1987) and Patched and Feiffer’s standardized innovation questionnaire were used.  Content validity of Questionnaires was confirmed by experts and internal consistency for innovation questionnaire and Structure Questionnaire was reported 0.73 and 0.78 orderly. The analyzing of data showed that that there was a significant relationship between organizational structure and innovation of staff experts (p= 0/011). There was no significant relationship between complexity and innovation of staff experts (p=0/053). There was a significant relationship between organizational formalization and innovation of staff experts (p= 0 /000). There was a significant relationship between organizational centralization and innovation of staff experts, (p=0/020). There is a significant relationship between the levels of education and innovation of staff experts. The result demonstrated that components of centralization and formalization are an inverse relationship with innovation and gender and service background have not a relation with staff expert’s selection and preference.
Sardar Mohammadi, Batool Moshref Jevadi, Seyyed Amir Ahmad Mozaffari,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (8-2012)

In this study the Relationship between attitude, organizational structure and organizational climate and information technology diffusion among selected sport organizations in IRAN wasinvestigated. Total 176 administrators and 194 experts using random sampling were selected. Questionnaires as the measuring attitude, researcher-designed organizational structure, organizational climate, information technology diffusion instrument were used. To determine the face and content validity (panel of experts), construct validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis) and reliability (alpha Cranach) were used. Descriptive and statically statistics (correlation test and multiple regressions organizational climate) were used. Results showed significant positive relationship between attitude, organizational structure, organizational climate and components from the viewpoints of managers and experts in Physical Education, Sports Federations and Physical Education of ministry of education information technology. We can say that in current circumstances, having logical approach to issues, problems, defects and barriers in information technology to achieve the release of information is advisable.
Mr Seyed Mahdi Seyed Bagheri, Dr Esmaeil Sharifian,
Volume 7, Issue 13 (4-2017)

The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize barriers to sponsorship of private sponsorship of sport of champions in Kerman province. The research method was survey and Based on applied objective. The statistical population included top managers of private firms in Kerman province (N =150) Which 108 companies were selected with simple random sampling. The required data were collected by using researcher made questionnaire. Face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 10 experts in sports management and content validity was calculated based on Lawshe model CVI=0.92. In order to identify the factors and assess the construct validity, exploratory factor analysis method was used. Internal reliability was obtained with Cronbach Alpha α=0.82. To analyze the data one sample t test and ANOVA test were used. Results of factor analysis showed that 57% of the total variance was related to four factors: One-sample t test results showed that there  were significant differences between all of the barriers with score criteria. Also results of ranking of barriers showed that the factor of legal-government is the most important factor inhibitor with an average of 3.76 and sports management was minimum repressor factor in the lack of financial support private companies of sport of champions with an average of 3.68. Therefore Codification of legislation and regulations for the sponsors is very important to eliminate the barriers of their participation in the sport of champions.
Vahid Izadfar, Farideh Sharififar, Reza Mohammad Kazemi,
Volume 11, Issue 22 (12-2021)

The purpose of this study is to design a business model in sports academies from the perspective of experts of this field. The present study is based on the paradigm of interpretive research, in terms of practical purpose, qualitative research approach and data collection in the form of in-depth and semi-structured interviews. The statistical population of the study includes entrepreneurs, sports business owners, managers of sports academies, presidents of sports federations and managers of the National Olympic Academy. 15 people were selected as the sample size using targeted sampling strategy and snowball. Data analysis was performed using qualitative content analysis and open, pivotal and selective coding methods using Maxqda software version 18 in which 9 main components and 45 pivotal categories were discovered and counted. The reliability of the recoding of the interviews conducted in this study using Scott's formula is equal to 90%. Managers, presidents of sports federations and academies should be comprehensively acquainted with these categories and components so that they can design the components and elements of the sports academy business specific to their sport in accordance with the needs and characteristics of their business and based in that take the suitable action.

Mr Mehrzad Kharestani, Dr Hasan Mohamadzade,
Volume 13, Issue 25 (9-2023)

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effect of mental imagery, observational learning, combined (imagery and observational learning) and physical training on mental representation and performance of novice golfers. To this end, 60 students(age:22.8±2.11) were randomly assigned in four groups: 1) mental imagery, 2) observational learning 3) combined (imagery + observational learning) and 4) physical training. After the pre-test, the participants in each group performed the golf putting for 3 consecutive days (60 attempts per day) and the post-test was performed on the third day. Two days after the post-test, a retention test was taken. Performance accuracy and structure of mental representation of participants were measured as dependent variables. Results showed that in the golf putting variable, the physical training group was better than other groups. Also, the performance of the combined group was better than the imagery and observational learning group. In addition, in the mental representation variable, the combined group had a more structured and accurate mental representation than than other groups. In addition, the imagery group had a better mental representation than the observational learning and physical training group. Overall, The result of this study show that physical training compared to other methods increases the accuracy of golf putting. Also combined imagery and observational learning training, has a greater impact than other methods used in this study.

Mr Mostafa Mohammadian, Dr Noshin Benar, Dr Fatemeh Saeedi,
Volume 13, Issue 25 (9-2023)

This study aims to identify the appropriate methods for the financial block as one of the four main elements of Osterwalder's business model. The present study is based on qualitative studies and Brown and Clarke (2006) theme analysis method. The statistical population of the research encompassed owners and adept managers specializing in sport tourism, as well as employees of diverse sections of sport tourism businesses in Guilan province. Fifteen individuals were chosen applying purposive sampling with the help of snowball and non-random techniques, the sampling procedure continued until the theoretical saturation stage was reached. This research has been carried by content analysis method and making use of Max QDA software. Findings indicate that the components of the financial block for this type of business include ten main dimensions and 27 sub-dimensions in 2 themes (theme) including, revenue model and cost structure. The cost structure also includes the cost of infrastructure facilities, the cost of tours, the cost of human resources and the cost of training and the revenue model also includes health and sports tourism services, facility rent, athlete certification, membership fees, and the use of apps and financial needs. Financial modeling from qualitative data analysis helps sports tourism business owners to make decisions in calculating situations and thus comparing different scenarios.

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