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Jamileh Tavakolinia, Alireza Mehrabi, Ehsan Allahyari,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (9-2019)

Today, air strike on installations and urban areas, is normal. As such, vulnerability assessment cities and provide the right solution for harm reduction is essential. The purpose of this investigation was to identify factors causing damage in the district of twenty in Tehran. The research method is descriptive-analytic and Data collection is library and field. Data analysis is based on using Ahp and GIS. Results show, In the district twenty , There are three zones vulnerable. Including, The old Central, The high-density Dolatabad and sizdah aban neighborhood. These zones are 34 percent of the land. The reason of it is Poor physical structure. Statistical Society is Twenty district in Tehran. Sample size is 384 people of residents of the district. Because, in this area there are strategic factors, is An important part of the tehran city. in the end, are provided The right solution of Reducing vulnerability.

Dr Ali Mehrabi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2020)

Based on the correlation diagram between the master and slave images (Fig. 5), the pair of appropriate images in terms of the shortest spatial and temporal lines is identified to produce the interferogram. As shown in Fig. 5, the maximum vertical baseline is obtained between -400 and -400. The obtained interferograms indicate the cumulative phase of the study area, which fluctuates between zero and 2ᴫ. Using StaMPS method on interferograms, 650 points were identified and selected as permanent scatter points in the study area. As can be seen in Figure 7, the cumulative displacement of the permanent dispersant points varies from + 45 mm to -45 mm. The displacements occur in the direction of the satellitechr('39')s view so that the positive numbers Indicates surface approach to satellite and the uplift and the negative numbers indicate the surfacechr('39')s distance from the satellite and the subsidence. As shown in the figure, in the western part of the mine wall, areas of 100,000 square meters have been heavily subsided. The next area, which has high subsidence points, is in the eastern part of the mine wall with an area of 68,000 square meters. The third area is located in the northwestern part of the mine with an area of 17,000 square meters.
By measuring the amount of displacement of Persist Scatters points, the altitude changes occurred in the mining area. Based on the results, the altitude variation changes in the range of 45 mm to -45 mm per year. Accordingly, 3 subsidence area were identified in western, eastern and northwestern parts of the mine wall with an area of 100, 68, and 17 thousand square meters. Considering the importance of the subject and in order to prevent the destruction of the mine wall, more precise geotechnical studies are needed in these specified areas

Abbas Ali Vali, Mahvash Mehrabi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (5-2021)

Explanation of the subject: The annual drought phenomenon, by affecting economic, social and environmental issues, leads to the vulnerability of urban and rural households and the instability of their livelihoods. Yazd is one of the provinces with drought. Consecutive droughts in the province necessitate integrated management and community adaptation in times of drought.
Method: Taking into account the length of the statistical period of 20 years and to obtain the results with a high level of confidence, the main data of the census documents that have been compiled for the development of cities and villages have been used. By analyzing the main components of several factors, it was selected as the main components. By calculating the standard precipitation index in the arid region, the driest year was determined and by calculating the weighted average of their correlation index with the main components of socio-economic and ecological environment based on appropriate statistical inference. At the end of the year, the effect of drought on different dimensions was presented by step-by-step linear regression, analysis and communication between them to adapt and resilience of individuals in society.
 According to the general results, one of the most important economic and dry economic losses is the annual income of the villagers, which can be due to the decrease in the area under cultivation and production of the main agricultural products. In the social sector, people with knowledge and awareness should increase their adaptive capacity to the occurrence of drought, in order to reduce the vulnerability of social issues to the phenomenon of drought. The results show that unemployment insurance has increased following the drought. The main reason for this is the unemployment of farmers affected by drought, so changing jobs along with temporary migration or the production of handicrafts, etc. can increase the relative income of households at the time of occurrence and prevent unemployment in these conditions. Increasing unemployment will cause other social harms such as poverty, declining health, increasing disease, and reducing judicial and social security. According to the results, one of the components that has established a high standard of rainfall during the drought year is the theft of livestock, which shows a decrease in the social security of the community. People in the study community increase their adaptability to the annual drought by increasing breeding work, such as rangeland improvement, rainfall collection, biological improvement, afforestation, and irrigation reform.

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