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Volume 18, Issue 49 (11-2006)

The Complex formation reaction between iodine with tetrabutylammonium halides (TBAX) has been studied spectrophotometrically in chloroform solution at 25ºC. Various aspects of the spectra of iodine in the presence of various concentration of different tetrabutylammonium halides have been discussed in terms of electronic specifications of iodine and halides. In the case of tetrabutylammonium iodide and at high concentrations of iodine, both 1:1 (I3-) and 2:1 (I5-) complexes have been formed. Formation constants of charge transfer complexes were evaluated from the computer fitting of the absorbance-mole ratio data and found to vary in the order: TBAI>TBABr>TBACl>TBAF.

Volume 18, Issue 58 (8-2004)

A spectrophotometric study concering the charge transfer interaction between 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquione (DDQ) and some benzophenoes has been carried out in chloroform at 25°C. Comparision of the spectra of the complexes of 1.2-dimethoxybenzene-DDQ and benzophenone-DDQ is indicative of two kinds of transitions: (i) n→π*, and (ii) π→π* respectively,). Formation constants of the resulting 1:1 molecular complexes were determined by using the Hildebrand method. The values of formation constants are in parallel with the charge density on the oxygen atoms of cabonyl groups. Also steric hindrance of substituents affects the stability of the resulting complexes. The shifts in stretching frequency of carbonyl groups of benzophenones, brought about upon complexation, further supports that donation takes place from oxygens of the carbonyl groups.

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