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Showing 4 results for Morphology

Jamil Vaezi, Fatemeh Batyari, Hamid Ejtehadi, Mohammad Farsi, Mohammad Reza Joharchi,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (2-2012)

The genus Salvia is morphlogically investigated to provide an identification key based on morphological characters in the Northeast of Iran. In this study, we examined more than 350 herbarium and collected specimens of different populations and measured 79 quantitative and qualitative (vegetative and generative) characters. The results of the multivariate analysis (principal component analysis) and Nonparametric Test (K independent samples) indicate that the morphological characters such as blossom shape, ring of trichome inside of corolla and protrusion style differentiated the Salvia species. For the first time, the species Salvia shariffi is reported in the Jonoubi and Shomali Khorassans.
M Assadi, F. Ghahremaninejad, T. Nejadsattari, I. Mehregan, K. Poursakhi,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (10-2014)

Genus Cerastium belongs to the subfamily Alsinoideae. This genus is represented with about 30 species in two subgenera (subgenus Dichodon and subgenus Cerastium) and three sections (sect. Strephodon, sect. Orthodon and sect. Schizodon) in flora Iranica area, of which 19 species were reported from Iran. The materials in the TARI herbarium were studied. The vegetative and reproductive characteristics of specimens were checked by stereomicroscope. In family Caryophyllaceae, the seeds bear numerous characters which can be used for taxonomic purposes. The ornamentation features of the seed surface and its relief are different from one species to another. The seeds were carefully taken from mature and dehiscent capsules. Pollen grains obtained from flowers bearing mature anthers. In this paper, Cerastium pentandrum (Caryophyllaceae) is reported as a new record from northwest Iran and Iranian plateau. It belongs to the subg. Cerastium sect. Orthodon. In this section teeth of the capsule are elongated, straight or reflexed, with flat or recurved margins. Morphological characteristics of the new record are provided. This taxon is compared with its closest relative C. balearicum. The ultrastructure of seed and pollen is examined by SEM.
M Ranjbar,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (2-2015)

In this research, plant morphology and pollen morphology of 14 populations of 3 species belonging to two sections Plethiosphace and Hemisphace of Salvia genus in Iran were studied. In morphological study 25 quantitative and qualitative characters were investigated and results of this study clearly separated species into two groups. The pollen grains from the herbarium specimens were prepared by acetolysis method and then 4 quantitative characters were examined by light microscopy. Data analysis was carried out by principal component analysis method. Results of the study showed that although the pollen grains in the section are comparatively homogenous and all of them are 6-colpate with reticulate ornamentation, but show a considerable variation in studied quantitative characters. However among the studied characters, equatorial and polar diameters of pollen grains are the most significant characters and based of these characters the members of these sections can be divided into two groups based on these characters that confirmed the results of morphology.
, Soheila Parsa Pana,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (2-2015)

The genus Pedicularis with 600-800 species is a semiparasitic plant distributed mostly in cold and mountainous regions of the northern hemisphere . In this study, nine species of this genus in the flora of Iran has been studied by electron microscopy . The surface of stigma of P. pycnantha and P. wilhelmsiana are flat. It is hemispherical in P. cabulica , P. caucasica , P. rechingeri, P. sibthorpii, P. condensate, P. strausii and conical only in P. rhinanthoides . In order to determine relationships between species, numerical analysis was carried out using 44 quantitative and qualitative of morphological, anatomical and palynological traits. The diagrams obtained from UPGMA and PCA methods were used to establish the relationship between the studied specie. Based on the results of the analysis, traits such as fruit pericarp thickness , spongy parenchyma thickness of leaf , stem height , stem thickness , total thickness of the stem and midrib length with high variability can be useful for species determination and evaluation of the similarities between them.

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