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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
83
88
article
A new method for ranking of fuzzy numbers through using distance method
In this paper, by using a new approach on distance between two fuzzy numbers, we construct a new ranking system for fuzzy number which is very realistic and also matching our intuition as the crisp ranking system on R.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1153-en.pdf
Fuzzy numbers
Ranking of fuzzy numbers
Distance
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
89
98
article
A certain -Generalized Principally Quasi-Baer Subring of the Matrix rings
For a fixed positive integer , we say a ring with identity is n-generalized right principally quasi-Baer, if for any principal right ideal of , the right annihilator of is generated by an idempotent. This class of rings includes the right principally quasi-Baer rings and hence all prime rings. A certain n-generalized principally quasi-Baer subring of the matrix ring are studied, and connections to related classes of rings (e.g., p.q.-Baer rings and n-generalized p.p. rings) are considered1
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1151-en.pdf
n-Generalized p.q.-Baer ring
p.p.-ring
Annihilators
triangular matrix ring
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
99
108
article
Sample Size Determination for Estimating Ratio, Subject to Misclassification
We investigate the problem of estimating the ratio of subjects that share a particular characteristic in a population, but some degree of misclassification is possible. The misclassification probabilities are considered as the random variables, and we study a Bayesian approach to this problem. We propose a method to calculate the exact posterior density of the ratio, based on some prior distributions. We, then, study a method to determine the sample size, using average coverage criterion. We also investigate the effect of different prior distributions on the sample size.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1152-en.pdf
Average Coverage Criterion
Bayes Estimator
Binomial Distribution
Misclassification
Sample Size
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
237
242
article
Automorphism group of a possible 2-(115,19,3) symmetric design
Let be a set and let be the set of subsets of . The pair in which is a collection of elements of (blocks) is called a design if every element of appears in , times. Is called a symmetric design if . In a symmetric design, each element of appears times in blocks of . A mapping between two designs and is an isomorphism if is a one-to-one correspondence and . Every isomorphism of a design, , to itself is called an automorphism. The set of all automorphisms of a design with the natural composition rule among mappings forms the automorphism group of the design, and is denoted by . Let be an automorphism of a design , we define , and . In this paper we study the automorphism group of a symmetric design with , and prove the following basic theorem. Theorem. If is a fixed block of a symmetric design, , which have fixed points, then i) ii) There is a symmetric design in the structure of this design. In the particular case we study the automorphism group of a possible symmetric design. The existence or of a symmetric design is unknown. We prove that Theorem. If is a possible symmetric design, then , in which . Also if , and i) If , then ii) If , then iii) If , then .
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1148-en.pdf
automorphism group of the design
and is denoted
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
243
250
article
Comparison of Spatial Interpolation Methods
Sometimes observations in statistical analysis are not independent and typically are correlated with their spatial locations. In spatial statistics there are some methods to interpolate this kind of data. In this paper some of interpolators for spatial data will be studied. Then they will be evaluated and compared by means of mean square errors criteria. Finally it will be shown that kriging acts better than other methods such as spline, inverse distance, for interpolation of spatial data.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1149-en.pdf
کریگیدن
اسپلاین
عکس مجذور فاصله
عکس توان ام فاصله
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
251
270
article
Shape-hased Image Retrieval Using a Non-Segmetntion Method Direction Histogram of Similar Edges
In this paper, we purpose a new algorithm for shape-based image indexing and retrieval. This new scheme efficiently extracts the image feature vector without any need to segmentation algorithms and high computation. The feature considers correlation between adjacent edges. Thus it includes information of continuous edges and lines of images and estimates shape of objects in images. With implementation of algorithms on a prototype system and using some evaluation metrics, we show the indexes are invariant relative to translation, image size, color, illumination, and small viewing positions. Experimental results show that averages of precision and recall rates of this new indexing scheme compared to other similar methods are 1.02 to 6.9 and 1.22 to 10.59 times greater respectively.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1150-en.pdf
بازیابی تصویر
نمایهسازی تصویر
روشهای مبتنی بر شکل
هیستوگرام لبهها
پردازش تصویر
per
Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
273
285
article
Investigation of the Effect of UVC (260 nm) to Induce Skin Cancer in BALB/C MICE
Long-term UVB and UVC irradiation can increase the skin cancer risk the researchers insist more on the carcinogenetic effect of UVB, but scale cells cancer of skin and malignant melanoma are caused by UVA radiation. Regard to broad use of UV (260nm) lamps in laboratory hoods, it is necessary to study the effect of UVC (260 nm) radiation on the skin. In this study, the effect of UVC radiation with wavelenght 260 nm on the skin and ear of one month and two months old Balb/c mice during 25, 50, and 100 hours exposure time have been investigated. The results show that UV (260nm) radiation increases the epidermis thickness. The other skin layers in both ages show alternate changes in different exposure times. Also, it may be concluded that the increase in hair follicles is not significant.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1154-en.pdf
cancer
skin
mouse
UV radiation
bioeffect
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
285
297
article
Numerical study of the Vibrational properties of Quasicrystals and the effects of the Defects and Impurities
Quasicrystals are a group of materials with the quasi-periodic structure, and since their discovery in 1980 their specially interesting physical properties have attracted the attention of many researchers. The lack of translational periodicity makes the numerical calculations of their physical properties much more difficult than the crystalline solids. In this work we present a detailed numerical study of the vibrational properties of quasi- periodic systems. For our purpose, we use the forced oscillator method (FOM), which is relatively fast and basically simple, and originally designed for the calculation of the phonon density of states in the disordered solids. The quasi-periodic structure is also produced by the Fibonacci series. In this framework we calculate the vibrational properties of the quasi-periodic structures in one, two, and thee dimensions, which compare well with experimental results. In addition to these, we performs similar calculations for the perfectly ordered and disordered systems. Thus we are provided with a basis for comparison of the vibrational properties of quasi- crystalline materials with the perfect crystals and amorphous materials. We also study the effects of bond and site impurities in vibrational properties of materials.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1155-en.pdf
tal results. In addition to these
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Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University
2005-05
18
51
297
304
article
Effect of Spatially Dependent Effective Mass on Energy Levels of Quantum Dots
Energy levels of carriers are calculated for three-dimensional quantum- confinement structures with finite potential barriers using the Effective mass approximation. And systems are considered, and a spatially dependent effective mass is included in effective mass approximation. Calculated values are compared with those obtained earlier by other method.
http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1156-en.pdf
Effective mass
Quantum Dots
Envelope function
Quantum confinement effect