Volume 17, Issue 17 (4-2019)                   jsmt 2019, 17(17): 73-82 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ilbeigi S, Poorbahram M, Saghebjoo M. The effect of muscle soreness due to the plyometric training on electrical activity of Gastrocnemius muscle after concentric and eccentric contractions in un-trained male. jsmt. 2019; 17 (17) :73-82
URL: http://jsmt.khu.ac.ir/article-1-367-en.html
, silbeigi@birjand.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3708 Views)
Purpose:The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of muscle soreness due to the plyometric exercises on leg muscle EMG activity after concentric and eccentric contractions in untrained people. 20 students from untrained male students (at least 6 months out of practice), were randomly assigned to experimental (n=10) and control (n=10) groups. At  pre-test, surface electromyographic activity of gastrocnemius muscle were recorded using by the Biovision 18 channel device during the both concentric (squat / plantar flexion of the ankle) and eccentric (wirepuller / ankle dorsiflexion) contractions. Then, in order to build muscle soreness, experimental group exerted 10 minutes selected plyometric exercises, while the control group did not have any training. Finally, immediately after protocol training and also after 48 hours the same record was done. Data were analyzed by Dasylab and Matlab software, and the ANOVA Repeated Measure and Bonferroni post hoc also were used for statistical analysis at a significance level of P≤0/05. The results showed that fatigue resulting from plyometric exercises, could have significant reduction in activity of gastrocnemius muscle immediately and 48 hours after exercise during eccentric contraction (P=0/001), while it was not true for concentric. According to the results, the risk of eccentric contraction could be considered for untrained people during training.
Full-Text [PDF 907 kb]   (253 Downloads)    

 


Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/10/23 | Accepted: 2019/10/23 | Published: 2019/10/23

References
1. Buchanan, T.S., Lloyd, D.G., Manal, K., Besier, T.F. ( 2004). Neuromusculoskeletal modeling: estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 20(4):367-95. [DOI:10.1123/jab.20.4.367]
2. Armstrong, R.B. (1990). Initial events in exercise-induced muscular injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 22(4):429-35. [DOI:10.1249/00005768-199008000-00002]
3. Keller, T.S., Colloca, C.J. ( 2000). Mechanical force spinal manipulation increases trunk muscle strength assessed by electromyography: a comparative clinical trial. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 23(9):585-95. [DOI:10.1067/mmt.2000.110947]
4. Wilmore, J.H., Costill, D.L. (2008). Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fourth Edition, Translate into Persian, Moeini, Z., Rahmani Nia, F., Rajabi, H., Aghaalinejad, H., Slami, F. (2005) Tehran, Iran, Mobtakeran Publication.
5. HÄkkinen, K., Komi, P.V. (1986). Training-induced changes in neuromuscular performance under voluntary and reflex conditions. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 55(2):147-55. [DOI:10.1007/BF00714997]
6. Talebian, S., Olyaei, G.H., Bagheri, H., Hadian, M.R., Hemad, N., Akbari, M. (2005). The Effect of Biceps Brachii Muscle Contraction Force in 45 and 90 Degrees of elbow flexion on frequency spectrum of electromyography signal. Tehran University Medical Journal. 63(12):1032-8.
7. Eston, R.G., Byrne, C., Twist, C. (2003). Muscle function after exercise-induced muscle damage: Considerations for athletic performance in children and adults. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. 1(2):85-96.
8. Mohebi, H., Norasteh, A.A., Farahani, H. (2009). Comparison of electromyographic activity of knee extensor and flexor muscles in two different modes of Scott motion. Journal of Olympic. 17(2):7-16.
9. Salehi, A., Rahmani-Nia, F., Mirzaei, B. (2013). Comparison the effect of two types of isotonic and isometric resistance training on untrained leg strength and EMG changes in untrained male students. Sport Physiology. 18:107-20.
10. Mischi, M., Rabotti, C., Cardinale, M. ( 2010). Electromyographic assessment of muscle fatigue during isometric vibration training at varying frequencies. Conference proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. [DOI:10.1109/IEMBS.2010.5627729]
11. Pyne, D.B. (1994). Exercise-induced muscle damage and inflammation: a review. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 26(3-4):49-58.
12. Eslami, M., Jalali, H., Hosseini-Nejad, S.E. (2014). The relationship between targeting accuracy and fatigue of the ankle muscle in two postural Pistols. Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 10(20):107-14.
13. Tofas, T., Jamurtas, A.Z., Fatouros, I., Nikolaidis, M.G., Koutedakis, Y., Sinouris, E.A., Papageorgakopoulou, N., Theocharis, D.A. (2008). Plyometric exercise increases serum indices of muscle damage and collagen breakdown. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 22(2):490-6. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816605a0]
14. Cheung, K., Hume, P., Maxwell, L. (2003). Delayed onset muscle soreness: treatment strategies and performance factors. Sports Medicine. 33(2):145-64. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200333020-00005]
15. Chegini, J., Rahmani-Nia, F., Mirzaei, B. (2013). The effect of warm up on indices of delayed-onset muscle soreness after eccentric concentrations in non-athletes collegiate students. Sport and Biomotor Sciences. 5(10):5-12.
16. Rohani, H., Asjodi, F., Safarimosavi, S., Bahmanzadeh, M. (2017). The role of resistance training and whey protein intake on delayed onset muscle soreness indices after eccentric resistance exercise in untrained men. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 12(1):11-20.
17. Zhou, Y., Li, Y., Wang, R. (2011). Evaluation of exerciseinduced muscle damage by surface electromyography. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 21(2):356-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2010.09.009]
18. Kubo, K., Ishigaki, T., Ikebukuro, T. (2017). Effects of plyometric and isometric training on muscle and tendon stiffness in vivo. Physiological Reports. 5(15):e13374. [DOI:10.14814/phy2.13374]
19. Berger, L.L., Regueme, S.C., Forestier, N. ( 2010). Unilateral lower limb muscle fatigue induces bilateral effects on undisturbed stance and muscle EMG activities. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 20(5):947-52. [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2009.09.006]
20. Deli, C.K., Fatouros, I.G., Paschalis, V., Georgakouli, K., Zalavras, A., Avloniti, A., Koutedakis, Y., Jamurtas, A.Z. (2017). A Comparison of exercise-induced muscle damage following maximal eccentric contractions in men and boys. Pediatric exercise science. 29(3):316-25. [DOI:10.1123/pes.2016-0185]
21. Gutierrez, G.M., Jackson, N.D., Dorr, K.A., Margiotta, S.E., Kaminski, T.W. (2007) Effect of fatigue on neuromuscular function at the ankle. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation.16(4):295-306. [DOI:10.1123/jsr.16.4.295]
22. Escamilla, R.F., Fleisig, G.S., Zheng, N., Barrentine, S.W., Wilk, K.E., Andrews, J.R. (1998). Biomechanics of the knee during closed kinetic chain and open kinetic chain exercises. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 30(4):556-69. [DOI:10.1097/00005768-199804000-00014]
23. Sabeti V., Khoshraftar Yazdi N., Bijeh n., Moghimi S. (2013). Comparison of electromyographic activity of leg muscles in female athletes with and without shin splint, Physical Treatments. 3(1):50-5.
24. Zubac, D., Šimunic, B. (2017). Skeletal muscle contraction time and tone decrease after 8 weeks of plyometric training. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 31(6):1610-9. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001626]
25. Farina, D., Merletti, R., Enoka, R.M. (2014). The extraction of neural strategies from the surface EMG: an update. Journal of Applied Physiology. 117(11):1215-30. [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00162.2014]
26. Isear, J.A. Jr., Erickson, J.C., Worrell, T.W. (1997). EMG analysis of lower extremity muscle recruitment patterns during an unloaded squat. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 29(4):532-9. [DOI:10.1097/00005768-199704000-00016]
27. Burger-Mendonca, M., Bielavsky, M., Barbosa, FC.(2008). Liver overload in Brazilian triathletes after half-ironman competition is related muscle fatigue. Annals Hepatology. 7(3):245-8. [DOI:10.1016/S1665-2681(19)31855-1]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research in Sport Medicine and Technology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb