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Maryam Behnam, Seyed Javad Davarpanah, Ramin Karimian,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (12-2016)

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is an important crop in the world and increasing its fiber quality is very cr-ucial for textile industries. Spider silk is the strongest and most elastic fiber ever known in the nature. Cotton is one of the main crops in the world and increasing its fiber quality is very important for textile industries. In this regard, a synt-hetic construct has been designed to offer spider silk quality to cotton fibers by fiber-specific expression of Major am-pullate spidroin1 (MaSp1) gene under control of core sequence of GaRD22-like1 promoter. The synthetic construct was double digested by the EcoRI and NheI and sub-cloned in pCAMBIA1304 binary vector. E.coli DH5α was transformed using new plasmid namely pCSP. Ligation and intact backbone of plasmid was conformed using MaSp1 and hygrom-ycin re-sistance genes specific primers and finally with EcoRI/NheI double digestion. Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404 was transformed with pCSP to transform cotton ovules of Varamin cultivar. The expression of MaSp1 in co-tton ovules and fibers showed that this synthetic sequence had been successfully expressed under control of GaRDL1 core promoter and this construct without codon optimization could be used for cotton transformation and its fiber qual-ity manipulation.

Behnam Hamzehee, Maryam Nobakht, Younes Asri, Gholamreza Bakhshi Khaniki,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (3-2018)

The genus Crataegus L. has a wide distribution in Iran. Induviduals of Crataegus meyeri Pojark. show morphological variations in different regions. In this research, the effects of climatic variations on morphological traits of C. meyeri were studied. Seventy five specimens collected from nine provinces of Iran were measured in two sets of quantitative and qualitative traits. Statistical analysis of climatic data and morphological traits showed that wind and temperature were the most effective factors affecting the variety of morphological traits including leaf blade of short shoot and flowering shoot, indumentum of fruit surface and fruit shape. Relative humidity has also been correlated with the shape of the fruit base. Quantitative traits of leaf blade of short shoots and flowering shoots showed the highest correlation and leaf blade of elongate shoots with the least statistical correlation with climatic data.
Esmat Khaleqsefat, Mohammad Khalaj-Kondori, Morteza Jabbarpour Bonyadi, Hamid Soraya, Behnam Askari,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2018)

Warfarin is a commonly-prescribed anticoagulant used to treat and prevent thromboembolic events. The requirement for varying doses of warfarin depends on genetic and environmental components. In this study, the frequency of two single-nucleotide polymorphic variants of the vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) gene (1173 C>T (rs9934438) and 3730 G>A (rs7294)) and its correlation with warfarin maintenance doses were investigated in patients with heart valve replacement from West Azarbayejan, Iran. Blood samples were obtained from 185 patients; their genomic DNA was extracted and samples were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. To assess if the blood warfarin level is different among genotypes, we used a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a Tukey’s post-hoc comparison. The minor allele frequency was determined to be 54% for 1173T and 53.7% for 3730A. Patients who carried the G allele at position 3730 and T allele at position 1173 required a significantly lower daily mean warfarin dosage (P <0.001). Consideration of the VKORC1 gene polymorphism, especially at the initial stages of the therapy, can be helpful in pre-treatment dosing of warfarin, which, in turn, reduces the adverse effects resulting from inappropriate drug prescription.                                                                                                                                                           

Behnam Hamzeh’ee, Mostafa Koshnevis, Parvaneh Ashouri, Vailolah Mozaffarian, Hooman Ravanbakhsh,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (4-2020)

Fire affects vegetation and changes plant succession. In this paper, the vegetation of Sirachal Research Station, which burned in the summer of 2014, was studied and compared with the unburnt areas, based on biodiversity indices. The research was implemented as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design. First, on the basis of physiognomy, the area was divided into three parts: shrubland, shrubland-rangeland, and rangeland. Each part was, then, divided into two sections, including a burnt area and an adjacent unburnt area (control area). In each area (burnt and unburnt), three sampling units were randomly assigned using PNP method, and vegetation measurements were subsequently performed. Based on data analysis, a total of 141 taxa were identified, belonging to 28 families and 95 genera, including one species of Gymnosperm, 19 monocotyledons and 121 dicotyledons in two burnt and unburnt areas of Sirachal Station. Based on the statistical analysis, using Past3 and SPSS softwares, there was no significant difference in the number of taxa between the vegetation of the burnt and unburnt areas. Of the indicators analyzed in Past3, the number of individual, the index of Menhinick's richness and the Shannon diversity index were significantly different in the treatments sampled from the burnt and unburnt areas. According to the Duncan test average, the number of individuals in the unburnt area, with a canopy cover below 25%, was greater than that in the burnt area, with the same canopy cover, however, no significant difference was observed between the individuals in the burnt area and unburnt area, with the same canopy cover of more than 25%. Also, the richness of the burnt area with a canopy of less than 5% is significantly higher than that in the unburnt area with the same canopy cover.

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