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Showing 4 results for Nabiuni

Elham Hoveizi, Mohammad Nabiuni, Kazem Parivar, Mohammad Massumi, Jafar Ai,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2014)

Induced pluripotent cells have been considered as one of the most recent and best cell sources for the cell therapy. In this study, the differentiation potency of human iPS cells, cultured on scaffolds, which can differentiate into definitive endodermal cells as precursor for hepatocytes, pancreatic and lung cells, was studied. Embryoid bodies composed of pluripotent cells, were seeded on electrospinning nanofiber scaffold. The cells were differentiated into definitive endoderm using IDE1. Expression of definitive endoderm markers including Sox17, FoxA2 and GSC were confirmed by immunocytochemistry staining and qRT-PCR analysis. In the present study, morphology and viability of cells were evaluated by utilizing a scanning electron microscopy and MTT assay, respectively. The results demonstrated the positive effect of 3D cultures, using suitable factors, on definitive endoderm differentiation.

Fatemeh Gharoony , Shahrbanoo Oryan , Mohammad Nabiuni, Delaram Eslimi Esfahani , Talieh Sadat Hosseinynia, Manijeh Karimian Peiro Karimian Peiro , Soudabeh Parsa ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2015)

Cholestasis caused by the excessive accumulation of bile within the liver, due to intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Cholestasis side effects are associated directly or indirectly with the reduction of bile flow and the confinement of materials related to bile secretion (such as bile acids, bilirubin, and cholesterol). On the other hand, some factors such as opioids, alkaline phosphatase, endotoxin and nitric oxide increase in blood, which could cause tissue damage. Since water intake reduces during cholestasis and hypothalamic nuclei such as paraventricular and supraoptic nucleuses are involved in the regulation of body water; Therefore, in this study, the histopathological changes of hypothalamic nuclei were evaluated. Male Wistar rats weighing 200–250 g were randomly divided into three groups. Three sets of seven groups were unoperated control, sham-operated and bile duct-ligated rats. The tissue samples were analyzed using histotechnique and light microscope. Brain tissue necrosis in paraventricular and supraoptic nucleus in cholestatic rats increased, but in the sham and control rats no changes were observed and also cholestasis caused wrinkle chromatic nuclei and increased thickness of hypothalamic nuclei. Because endotoxin causes tissue trauma, it is likely increased endotoxin may leads to tissue changes in the brain.

Delaram Eslimi Esfahani, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Mohammad Nabiuni, Talieh Sadat Hosseinynia,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (5-2019)

Impaired motor functions were reported in cholestatic animals. This disorder in the function and death of motor neurons is highly dependent on changes in the environment around astrocytes and the blood-brain barrier, which is moderated by the aquaporin 4 protein. For this reason, the effects of cholestasis on motor cortex histology and morphology and aquaporin 4 protein levels were investigated in this study. Samples were stained by hematoxylin-eosin method. Histological changes in cortical brain were investigated. The amount of AQP4 protein in control, sham, and experimental groups were tested by immunohistochemistry. The thickness of motor cortex in cholestatic samples increased in comparison with the control and sham groups. Also, cholestasis caused wrinkle chromatic nuclei. On the other hand, tissue necrosis was detected in cholestatic group compared with sham and control groups. Reduction of cells densities in some cortical layers has been observed, which is probably indicative of cholestasis-induced cell death. AQP4 expression significantly decreased in BDL (p <0.05), but not in other groups (P<0.05). In this study, the pathology of motor cortex, which has also been associated with the decrease of neurons, could be considered the cause of motion abnormalities and AQP4 level reduction in cholestatic rats.

Mona Motaharinia, Mohammad Nabiuni,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (1-2022)

Lung carcinoma is the second most common type of cancer. Inefficiency of the current treatments and the undesirable side effects of chemotherapy drugs made the know-how of the treatment important. The purpose of this study is to investigate the synergic effect of curcumin and Cisplatin in comparison with the sole application of each treatment on Calu-6 cell line, an epithelial cell line of human lung carcinoma, and the expression of Cdc42 gene. The viability of Calu-6 was examined after 24- or 48-hour treatment with doses of 0.5 to 8 µg/ml of curcumin, 0.1 to 50 µg/ml of cisplatin and combined doses of curcumin and Cisplatin by MTT assay. To measure apoptosis and the expression of Cdc42 gene, flow cytometry and Real-Time PCR were utilized. Decrease of cell viability and induction of cell death were observed in the cells treated with 0.67 µg/ml of curcumin and 1.7 µg/ml of cisplatin (the lowest effective dose) and the combined treatment with the same doses of each drug after 24-hour treatments. The maximum rates of early and late apoptosis were related to treatment with curcumin and the combined treatment. The gene expression analysis results indicated that both Curcumin and Cisplatin decrease the expression of Cdc42 gene, moreover, their co-administration showed synergic effects. Therefore, Curcumin could be an appropriate option for complementary administration with other chemotherapy agents in order to reduce their efficient dose, and to reduce their side effects.

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