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Showing 9 results for Jafari

- Azarnoosh Jafari, - Ameneh Assadi Barbariha, - Fereshteh Ghasemzadeh,
Volume 0, Issue 0 (6-2023)

   The present research is floristic study of Imamverdy, Dartum, Ghapagh, Garivan and Niestaneh villages located in 30 km south of Bojnourd (North Khorassan province) with 1442-1783 m altitude. The aim of study was to identify different species, medicinal plants, endemic, vulnerable and low risk species. For this the specimens were collected during March-November 2012 and identified using Flora of Iran and Flora Iranica. The results showed 133 species from 104 genera and 38 families that one of them belonged to Gymnosperms and 132 species were from Angiosperms. Among them, five families, 13 genera and 18 species were from monocotyledons while 32 families, 90 genera and 114 species were reported from dicotyledons.  Also, 40 medicinal plants were introduced from the studied region. Fabaceae, Brassicaceae, Poaceae, Asteraceae, Lamiaceae were the largest families and Astragalus, Poa, Vicia and euphorbia were reports as the largest genera. Erysimum koelzii, Astragalus khoshjailensis, Eryngium bungei, Acanthophyllum pachystegium, Sclerorachis platyrachis, Taraxacum hydrophyllum were endemic elements for Iran and Astragalus ackerbergensis was vulnerable species. Also, Rubia florida, Mentha longifolia, Fumaria vaillanti and Onopordum carmanicum were introduced as low risk species. The maximum and minimum percentage of chorotype were related to Irano-Turanian with 68.14% and Irano-Turanian, Sahra-Arabian regions with 0.7%. The maximum and minimum percentage of life form were reported for hemicryptophytes with 45.8% and cryptophytes with 3% which this result represented cold and arid climate and uncontrolled grazing in the studied region.
Salman Ahmady-Asbchin, Naser Jafari,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2014)

Methods of physical and chemical adsorption of heavy metals have disadvantages in some ways- such as high cost and ineffectiveness at low concentrations. In recent decades methods of biological uptake of heavy metals have been investigated. The biological adsorbents include bacteria, fungi and alga, among which algae have the highest efficiency of metal uptake. This study indicated that Alginic acid is most responsible for the uptake of metals, such as nickel (II) and cadmium (II). Fucus serratus, brown alga, used as a cost-effective adsorbent for the biological uptake of cadmium and nickel ions simultaneously in a batch reactor in this study. Surface structure of algae has also been investigated. Adsorption kinetics have been measured and the results have indicated that the equilibrium time is about 300 minutes. The adsorption isotherm was interpreted by means of the Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorption rate for cadmium (II) and nickel (II) turned out to be about 0.85 and 0.95 mmol/g, respectively.

Tayebeh Enayat Gholampour, Valiollah Jafari, Mohamad Reza Imanpour, Hamed Kolangi Miandare,
Volume 3, Issue 4 (3-2017)

In the research project performed, the effects of different levels of hydro-alcoholic extract Vitex agnus-castus were investigated as nutritional supplement on growth parameters of Danio rerio for 4 months. Since the beginning of the feeding phase up to the age of 4 months (average weight: 2.1±0.1g, length: 5.2±0.3 cm), larvae were fed with expe-rimental diets. Fish treated with diets containing plant extracts had higher growth and survival rate than the control gr-oup (p<0.05). Differences in the level of the extract had no significant effect on the survival rate (p<0.05). The results revealed that the diet containing 15 gr of the extract resulted in the best FCR significantly (p<0.05). By increasing the extract in the diet during the experiment, SGR increased. The highest and the lowest %BWG were observed in treatm-ents T3 and T0 respectively (p<0.05). The highest CF was observed in T3 and the lowest was obtained in T0. All in all, this study proposed that the addition of 15 gr of hydro-alcoholic extract of Vitex agnus-castus in the diet of zebrafish could improve the performance of the growth indices and increase the final biomass. In addition, this extract could be considered as a suitable supplement for Cyprinidae diet.

Zahra Roohi, Mohammad Reza Imanpoor, Valiolah Jafari , Vahid Taghizadeh,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (6-2017)

This study was conducted in order to measure glucose, cholesterol and hematocrit as indicators to evaluate the effect of caraway seeds meal (CSM) on the health and resistance of common carp to salinity stress. To attain this goal, fish (2.457±0.057 g) were divided into four groups fed on diets containing different levels of CSM; 0 (control), 0.5, 1 and 1.5%. After 56 days of feeding, blood samples of the fish were obtained in five stages (once before and four times after stress) to evaluate glucose, cholesterol and hematocrit levels. The experiments indicated that salinity sign-ificantly affected glucose, cholesterol and hematocrit. On the first day after stress, the hematocrit and glucose levels were considerably increased in all groups compared with their levels before stress. After stress, cholesterol level signif-icantly decreased in all groups compared to before stress. The level of hematocrit indicated no significant difference among the groups before and after stress. On the first day after stress, the glucose levels significantly increased in trea-ted groups with CSM compared with the control group. The glucose and hematocrit levels were decreased gradually in all groups from the third day on. After stress, no differences were observed for survival rates among the experimental diets. However, the highest survival rate belonged to treated groups with CSM. The overall result indicated that the suplement of CSM has a positive influence on the glucose, hematocrit and resistance of common carp to salinity stress.

Mahdieh Jafariparizi, Saeed Afsharzadeh, Hamid Reza Akkafi, Shabnam Abbasi,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2017)

To investigate the Artemisia vegetation in Isfahan Province, two rangelands of Khorous Galu in the southwest and Ashan in the west of Isfahan were selected. These rangelands are mountainous with semiarid climate. In Khorous galu, 68 species belonging to 50 genera and 24 families were identified. Life forms included hemicryptophytes (39%), therophytes (27.5%), chamaephytes (19%), geophytes (13%) and phanerophytes (2%). Chrotypes existent in Khorous Galu were composed of 56 Irano-Turanian species, 3 Euro-Siberian-Irano-Turanian species, 4 Euro-Siberian-Irano-Turanian-Mediterranean species, 2 Irano-Turanian-Mediterranean species, 1 Irano-Turanian-Saharo-Sindian species and 1 cosmopolitan species. In Ashan area, 88 species belonging to 67 genera and 29 families were identified. Hemicryptophytes (39%), therophytes (28%), geophytes (17%), chamaephytes (15%) and phanerophytes (1%) were the life form composition of the region flora. 73 Irano-Turanian species, 7 Euro-Siberian-Irano-Turanian species, 4 Irano-Turanian-Mediterranean species, 1 Irano-Turanian-Mediterranean-Euro-Siberian species and 1 cosmopolitan species were identified. 2 species were recorded from Isfahan Province for the first time. With regard to the similarity of flora in both regions, that is due to effective similar environmental factors, a uniform management plan for A. aucheri rangelands in Isfahan Province could be selected.
Maneezheh Pakravan, Sahar Moradpoor, Azizollah Jafari,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (3-2019)

Vegetation is one of the most important parts of natural ecosystems that in addition to express of the growth conditions, it also shows the influence of ecological factors on the environmental condition. Investigations of plant diversity of a country are necessary for studyingthe ecosystem, pasture, plant gene bank, agriculture and medicine. On the one hand, identification of plant species of different regions provide feasibility of doing of next studies in the different fields of biological science. In this research the flora of Tang sorkh region in the Kohgiloyeh county from Kohgiloyeh-va boyerahmad province has been investigated. The area of mentioned region is 5000 hectares and it is located in 30 kilometers from the east of Yasuj. Maximum altitude of the area was between 1800-2800 m. Our research has started by collecting the essential information of the region. The plants of region have been collected and prepared for studying. several floras were used for identification the specimens and they are preserved in Alzahra University herbarium (ALUH). This investigation showed that in the Tang sorkh region, there are 46 families, 145genera, 172 species that include 6/97% of phanerophytes, 5/23% chamephyts, 43/60%hemicryptophytes, 13/95% geophytes, 28/48% therophytes. Analyses shows that most of species of region belongs to the Iran-o-Turanian region which contanins 5/69% of region’s flora. 23 species are endemic to Iran, 20 of which are rare species, 30 species are medicinal plant, 22 of which are poison. Totaly about 172 species has identified. 20 species are recorded for the first time from this province.

Faezeh Asheqian, Sedigheh Kelij, Naser Jafari,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (1-2020)

The purpose of this research was to identify the structural adaptations in three populations of Convolvulus persicus L. on coastal areas in Mazandaran Province, whose populations of which are severely reducing due to the intense environmental stresses of the coastal zone. In general, annular collenchyma, isobilateral mesophyll, amphiphloic siphonostele, abundant presence of laticiferous tubes, numerous druse crystals and the presence of periderm in rhizome can be introduced as the most important morpho-anatomical strategies utilized against harsh environmental conditions. Sari population was foud to have the most various structural toleration mechanisms in comparison with Babolsar and Nour populations. Few differences were observed in anatomical characteristics in the three populations of Convolvulus persicus as the evidence for high intra-specific phenotypic variability, leading to local adaptation and increase of the tolerability of plants against environmental changes.
Zohreh Atashgahi, Farshid Memariani, Mohammad Reza Joharchi, Vahid Jafari Polgerd,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2022)

Halimocnemis commixta is recorded as a new species for the flora of Iran from Pistacia vera woodland remnants in NE Iran. It grows on open salty soils with several typical halophytic plants. The new species record is illustrated and compared with the closely related species. It can be distinguished from H. gamocarpa by its clustered flowers and irregularly horned fruits and differs from H. pilosa by its entirely short and adpressed hairs. We provide some additional notes on the distribution, ecology, and conservation status of the newly recorded species.

Lida Jalali Roudsary, Azarnoosh Jafari, Jamil Vaezi, Ehsan Karimi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2022)

High-quality DNA extraction plays an important role to make sharp bands in the gel electrophoresis and also produces clean chromatograms. Usually, DNA extract is delivered using the modified CTAB method but this method cannot obtain high-quality DNA for molecular analysis from old dried leaves of Bellevalia due to having different chemical compounds which inhibit to obtain a clear DNA extraction. To solve the problem, in different phases of a modified CTAB protocol, activated carbon, phenol, potassium acetate, RNase and deionized water (instead of TE) were applied to eliminate contaminants and improve obtained high-quality DNA. The DNA absorption data from the modified method were compared with CTAB method in 260 and 280 nm wavelengths. The results showed a 15-80-fold change in the DNA concentration. This study suggests the modified method of extraction is more efficient in the quality of DNA obtained from the little amount of herbarium old leaves of Bellevalia than that of the CTAB method.


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