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Rezvan Heydaritabar , Hamid Moghimi,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2017)

In this study, fungal strains with crude oil biodegradation activity were screened from Shazand oil refinery (Arak). Twelve fungal strains were isolated in PDA medium. TPH assay in the presence of 1% of crude oil showed that the ADH-02 was the most capable strain of oil degradation with an efficiency of 75%. FTIR analysis was revealed that 91% of aliphatic hydrocarbons were degraded by ADH-02. This strain proved to belong to Gliomastix genius with a similarity of 99%. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons degradation analysis with HPLC demonstrated that this strain is capable of removing 67% of anthracene in 14 days. The results showed that Gliomastix sp. was a potent fungal strain in bioremediation of crude oil and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
Neshat Saffarzadeh, Hamid Moghimi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (5-2019)

Impranil DLN is a class of plastics belonging to the polyurethane family with high application in textile industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of native strain to degrade impranil DLN. In this study, yeast strains were isolated from different areas and purified in minimal medium containing 1% impranil. Isolate NS-10 was selected as the superior strain capable of degrading impranil and identified through PCR and ITS gene. Esterase, urease and protease assays were carried out for the superior strain. Finally, the biodegradation of impranil was investigated. In total, 40 yeast strains were isolated and isolate NS-10 was selected as a superior strain based on impranil removal assay. NS-10 strain was identified as Sarocladium kiliense with 100% homology. Enzymatic assays showed that the S.kiliense could produce esterase, urease and protease. In addition, it could produce significant clear zones on impranil plates. Degradation rate for impranil was 100% for 10 g/l within 14 days. Finally, S.kiliense was taken to medium containing pure polyurethane film and the capacity of degradation was investigated by the scanning electron microscopy. Our results indicated that S.kiliense is capable of degrading impranil. These results could contribute to a better insight into the mechanism of plastic biodegradation.

Ehsan Azin, Hamid Moghimi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2020)

The extensive application of dyes in the textile industries and their discharge in the wastewaters leads to numerous environmental pollutions; therefore, treating these wastewaters by efficient and eco-friendly methods is a necessity. In this study, potent strains were isolated by the enrichment technique according to their maximum dye sorption at the lowest possible time at 500nm. Consequently, the best isolate was selected and the dye removal was investigated in different concentrations of Congo red. Therefore, 50 different fungal strains were isolated in this study, of which 10 were able to dye removal. According to the results, isolate ­ADH8 was selected as the best strain with 94% of dye sorption. Moreover, during 48 hours, 80% of dye content was removed at all dye concentrations by this isolate, and the most growth rate and dye removal was achieved at 1000­ mg/l. The results showed that different salt concentrations have no effect on dye sorption of the selected isolate. Molecular identification of ADH8 revealed that this isolate have a 100% similarity to Mucor circinelloides which was deposited under the accession number of UTMC­5032 in the University of Tehran Microorganisms Collection. The results obtained from the dye removal of textile wastewater showed that the most amount of dye sorption by M. circinelloides UTMC­5032­ was 35-60% during three ­hours of biomass treatment as compared with the control sample. The obtained results indicated that, M. circinelloides UTMC­5032 is highly capable in azo dyes sorption and could be utilized in the biosorption of dye in the textile industries wastewaters for the first time.


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