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Mohammad Nebiuni, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Mohammad Ayobipour, Tayebeh Ramezani,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (6-2015)

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the smoke of Verbascum speciocum leaves grown in 'Bouein Zahra' region, on the healing of skin lesions in Wistar rats. In this study in vivo conditions, 36 adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. The operation day was considered as day zero and the procedure took 10 days. After the end of the treatment, i.e., on the 14th day, rats were killed by choloroform and samples were collected for histological analysis Masson trichrome and Vangason staining for collogen and hydroxyprolline amino acid OD assessment was applied. Studies in experimental groups exposed to the smoke of the leaves revealed that there was no increase in epidermis thickness, hair follicles diameter, skin, nor in the number and diameter of blood vessels as compared with control and sham groups. However, the amount of hair follicles was decreased. There was an increase in collogen diameter but this increase was not significant. But a significant increase was observed in OD of hydroxyl proline amino acid assessment (p<0.001) in experimental groups compared with sham and control groups. The results indicated that the use of smoke of V.speciocum leaves on the skin lesion had absolutely no increase on the wound healing ratios and its closure; it maximally could had very little effect on the proliferation as one step in the repair process, which needs further investigation.

Mehdi Rahimi, Mehdi Ramezani,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (12-2017)

Thyme plants are considered to be one of the most widely consumed herbs well-known for their essential oils and secondary metabolites. In order to evaluate the effects of temperature on antioxidant activity, total phenolics, agronomic traits and essential oil of two thyme species (i.e. Thymus vulgaris and Thymus caramanicus), a greenhouse experiment was conducted in 2015 with split plot in a completely randomized design with three replications. The results of this experiment showed significant differences between the two species and different temperatures in terms of the tr-aits measured. The essential oil percentage, antioxidant activity, total phenolics and plant height of Thymus carama-nicus proved to be more than those in Thymus vulgaris. The comparison of mean interaction effect for essential oil pe-rcentage showed that the value of this trait in Thymus caramanicus specimens treated with a temperature of 30°C was more than other treatments. The IC50 rates of Thymus vulgaris and Thymus caramanicus ranged from 24.37 to 54.43 µg/ml in different conditions and total phenolics ranged from 36.63 to 89.37 mg GAEg-1. In addition, the highest anti-oxidant activity, essential oil percentage and phenolic compounds were observed at a temperature of 30°C for both species.
J-Avad Baharara, Tayebe Ramezani, Negar Saghiri, Farzane Salek,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2019)

In recent years using of silver nanoparticles due to its unique properties was increased. Medical plant, the Achillea biebersteinii is rich in anti-cancers compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity effects of AgNPs synthesized using Achillea biebersteinii extract on human ovarian cancer A2780 cells. Cytotoxic effects of AgNPs with MTT test was performed at 48 hours in concentration of 2, 4, 6, 8, 16 and 32 µg/ml. To study the cell death induced by AgNPs DAPI, acridine orange (AO)/ Propidium iodide (PI) staining and Annexin v/ Propidium iodide assay and activation of caspase 3 and 9 were assessed. Results: The results showed that the synthesized AgNPs decreased cell viability dose dependently, calculated inhibitory concentration of 50 % (IC50) was 4 µg/ml.  The results from AO / PI, DAPI staining, Annexin V / PI showed that in treated cells the percentage of apoptotic cells compared with control increased. In addition, the treated cells showed increased activation of caspase 3/9. Hence silver nanoparticles induced cell death through the caspase dependent pathway. The results suggest that AgNPs synthesized using Achillea biebersteinii   extract exert their cytotoxic effect by inducing apoptosis.

Miss. Hanieh Ghandchi, Mrs. Reihaneh Ramezani, Mrs. Zahra Moosavinejad,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2024)

Recently, milk exosomes have attracted much attention from researchers due to their availability and efficiency in cosmetic products and also as drug delivery nanocarriers. Since it is very important to find a simple and efficient method to purify these vesicles, in this research some methods of exosome isolation from bovine milk such as ultracentrifugation, using PEG polymer and several commercial kits were discussed and characterized. Detection of exosomes has been done using DLS and electron microscopy.
In ultracentrifugation, as the most common method of exosome isolation, the number of particles in the electron microscope images was estimated to be very low (5 ± 2 particles), while in the microscopic images of the Exosun kit, a large number of exosomes (150 ± 30 particles) was visible. In PEG precipitation, the average diameter of the particles in DLS results was 263 nm and more than the ultracentrifugation, Exocib and Anaexo kit, where the diameter of the particles was 176 nm, 142 nm, and 123 nm, respectively. The average diameter of the particles in the microscopic images of the Exosun kit was 30-70±10 nm, and DLS results confirmed the small size of the isolated particles. Considering the large number of small particles ( 30nm) in the microscopic results of the exosun kit, other methods may not have been able to isolate these small particles. Finally, although all the studied methods were able to isolate exosome from milk, more extensive studies are necessary to make a more accurate comparison and to introduce a standard method for isolating exosome from bovine's milk.


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