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Seyedeh Zahra Mousavi Parsaii, Jamil Vaezi, Hamid Ejtehadi, Farshid Memariani, Mohammad Reza Joharchi,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (2-2021)

Phelipanche pouyanii is described here as a new species from South Khorassan Province, East of Iran. Its diagnostic morphological features are the calyx teeth being far longer than the calyx tube and staminal filaments being glabrous. These characters clearly differentiated the new species from its closely related taxa, i.e., P. mutelii, P. angustelaciniata and P. nana. Results obtained from the pollen and seed micromorphological characters showed no significant taxonomic value in the delimitation of the new species from its closely related species. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences, however, showed sufficient differences to delineate the new species from its closely related species.

Mehrdad Ghiasvand, Ali Makhdoumi, Maryam Moghaddam Matin, Jamil Vaezi,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (7-2021)

Regarding the rising rate of esophageal cancer in some parts of Asia, including northern and northeastern regions of Iran, the identification of new anti-cancer compounds is essential to combat the disease. The relation between some plants metabolites and these endophytic microorganisms are well characterized. In the current study, the potentials of Ephedra endophyte bacteria for the inhibition of esophageal cancer cell line (KYSE-30) proliferation were investigated. A total of 54 endophyte bacteria (out of 70) were obtained from the sterilized surfaces of two medicinal plants, i.e., Ephedra intermedia and Ephedra foliata. Bacterial strains were then cultured in Tryptic soy broth (TSB) medium and, after 72 h incubation, the produced secondary metabolites were extracted by chloroform. Anticancer effects of secondary metabolites from theses bacteria on esophageal cancer cell line KYSE-30 were evaluated after 24, 48 and 72 h by MTT method. MTT assay results showed that only strain A1 had a cytotoxic effect on KYSE-30 cells. The IC50 amounts of this strain against KYSE-30 cell lines were equaled (µg/ml) to 346.4, 192.8 and 121.3 after 24, 48, and 72 hours, respectively. The molecular identification of strain A1 revealed that Microbacterium maritypicum (99.8% similarity) was the closest identified taxon to the strain studied. According to the promising ability of strain A1 to inhibit the growth of KYSE-30 cell line, the use of natural compounds produced by this bacterium to treat esophageal cancer was found to be applicable. However, more experiments are needed to confirm these results after purifying the ingredients, as well as conducting studies in animal cancer models.

Lida Jalali Roudsary, Azarnoosh Jafari, Jamil Vaezi, Ehsan Karimi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (9-2022)

High-quality DNA extraction plays an important role to make sharp bands in the gel electrophoresis and also produces clean chromatograms. Usually, DNA extract is delivered using the modified CTAB method but this method cannot obtain high-quality DNA for molecular analysis from old dried leaves of Bellevalia due to having different chemical compounds which inhibit to obtain a clear DNA extraction. To solve the problem, in different phases of a modified CTAB protocol, activated carbon, phenol, potassium acetate, RNase and deionized water (instead of TE) were applied to eliminate contaminants and improve obtained high-quality DNA. The DNA absorption data from the modified method were compared with CTAB method in 260 and 280 nm wavelengths. The results showed a 15-80-fold change in the DNA concentration. This study suggests the modified method of extraction is more efficient in the quality of DNA obtained from the little amount of herbarium old leaves of Bellevalia than that of the CTAB method.


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