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Showing 9 results for Abuse

Alireza Moradi, Elahe Bigham, Valiolah Ramezani, Fereydoon Yaryari,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (11-2009)

The main aim of this study was to investigate the Overgenerality of Autobiographical Memory among the adolescent boys in Kermanshah,Iran . A   sample of 76 Kemanshahian adolescents   (25 non-depressed and 50 depressed adolescent boys,25 with substance abuse disorder and 25 without substance abuse disorder) were investigated. To evaluate autobiographical memory specificity, a standard AMT (Autobiographical Memory Test), developed by Williams and Broadbent (1986), was used. To analyze the data, the Mann-Whitney U test was used.  The results indicated that depressed adolescent boys without substance abuse disorder had high scores in Overgenerality of autobiographical memory than non-depressed group depressed adolescents with substance abuse disorder had high scores in Overgenerality of autobiographical memory than non-depressed group and depressed adolescents without substance abuse disorder had high scores in Over generality of autobiographical memory than depressed adolescents with substance abuse disorder.
Mohammad Hamzeloo, Ali Mashhadi,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (3-2011)

Inhibition as an important component of executive functionsplays an important role in the incidence of juvenile delinquency.The aim of thisresearch is to investigate the role ofbehavioral inhibition in the Juvenile delinquents with or without history of substance abuse.42 juvenile delinquents and 20 normal adolescents, as the control group, were selected through cluster random sampling method. Juvenile delinquents were divided into two groups: with or without history of substance abuse and  these two groups were matched for age and sex andThen the two groups were assessed through tests including go no go and stop signs.Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance test, univariate analysis of variance test and Tukey test. Analysis of data showedthat the juvenile delinquents, in comparison with the normal adolescents,performed poorly on behavioral inhibition,but there was no significant difference between groups with or without history of substance abuse (p>0.05).Therefore, Insufficiency of behavioral inhibition can be one of the underlying causes of tendencies to delinquency. The findings of thepresent studyemphasize the necessity ofthe focused interventions to improve the executive function in juvenile offenders
Mohammad, Jalalvand, Norollah, Mohammadi, Javad, Molazade,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (9-2014)

  This studywas done drug dependent people to determine the effectiveness of training on emotion regulation based on the grass process for reducing craving, attention bias. This present research is a semi-pilot plan in which pretest – posttest with the control group has been used .The project statistical society is formed of addicted people who referred to addiction treatment clinic in Shiraz in the years 1391-1392.For this purpose a total of 30 drug-dependent people were selected and replaced by using available purposive sampling in control and experimental groups. Also 15 normal individuals were selected as a healthy control group to comparison with drug dependents. At first a pretest was given to each three group, after that an emotion control training was done in experimental group dependent on the Grass model in 8 sessions of 2 hours. After research implementation for analyzing the result, the Anova and Fisher's post hoc test were used. The result shown that emotion regulation training can effects on the craving reduction signs, attention bias in drug-dependent people .Also healthy control group has shown less attention in contrast to drug temptation and bias control. Effective management of emotions makes to odd situations that are high risk for substance abuse, use of cognitive strategies for regulating their emotions and by reducing craving and attentional bias reduces the amount back to the reuse of materials is.
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Volume 9, Issue 3 (12-2015)

Comorbidity between Borderline personality disorderand substance abuse disorder is very high. The present study examined the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy on negative emotion regulation strategies in women with borderline personality disorder and substance abuse. Based on the willingness to participate in the research, structured clinical interview and the criteria for inclusion, of female patients with borderline personality disorders and substance abuse 4 people were purposefully selected. These four participants underwent emotion regulation techniques of dialectical behavior therapy for 12 sessions. In order to measure negative emotion regulation strategies, Garnesfky cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire was used. To analyze the collected data, visual analysis of charts and trend indicators, stable, percentage of non-overlapping data and percentage of overlapping data was used. Emotion regulation techniques of Dialectical behavior therapy reduced the scores of negative emotion regulation strategies in women with borderline personality disorders and substance abuse. A review of the effectiveness charts and the amount of effect represented
a significant reduction in the use of negative emotion regulation strategies (including self-blame, rumination, blaming others and catastrophizing) in participants. Dialectical behavior therapy is useful in the reduction of the use of emotion regulation strategies (including selfblame, rumination, blaming others an catastrophizing). It seemed these techniques can be useful in the treatment of women with comorbidity borderline personality disorders and substance abuse.

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Volume 9, Issue 4 (2-2016)

This study aimed at predicting the tendency to drug abuse based on personality traits, alexithymia, attachment styles and behavioral inhibition/activation systems. In

  a sample of 345 students,  selected from the students of  Islamic Azad University of Andimeshk, khozestan through stage random sampling method, the model for the path of drug abuse was investigated. Then each subject was asked to complete five questionnaires including  PS (APS), behavioral inhibition and activation system scale (BIS/BAS), short form NEO Personality Inventory (NEOPI- FF) ,Toronto Alexithymia  Scale(TAS-20) attachment adult scale(RASS).The results showed that the predicting capacity of inhibition /activation system changed when the mediating variables were included.This indicated the mediating role of neuroticism, extraversion, agreeability, responsibility  and avoidance/ ambivalence attachment styles and alexithymia in the  behavioral 

inhibition/activation systems and tendency to drug abuse. Behavioral activation system lead to the reduction of the tendency to drug abuse and behavioral inhibition system lead to the increase of the tendency to drug abuse. Neuroticism and ambivalent/avoidance attachment style, and alexithymia were the mechanisms reducing or increasing the effect of behavioral inhibition/activation systems on the tendency to drug abuse.

Mahdi Abdollah Zadeh Rafi, Maryam Hassanzade, Abbas Nesayan, Roghayaeh Assadi Gandomani,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2016)

Objective: The aim of this study was predicting behavioral disorders based on emotional abuse in the first high school students. Method:  Method of this study is descriptive-analytic method. Research community were included all first grade high school students in Jajarm city. 519 students were selected as sample through Census method. These students were completed adolescent self-reported questionnaire and emotional abuse questionnaire. To analyze data were used descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential methods (Pearson correlation and regression). Results: The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between behavioral disorders (total scores, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant and conduct disorder) and emotional abuse (total scores and its subscales) (05 / 0p <). Regression analysis showed that the variables of emotional abuse could predict behavioral disorders. Conclusion: The results showed that educational and family environment should be pay attention to this issue because there is a significant relationship between emotional abuse and behavioral disorder.

Ayat Saadattalab, Farhad Balash, Aref Vahabzade,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (8-2017)

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the substance abuse prevention among employees of Iran Ministry of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Welfare. Research design were a descriptive and survey study. The sample size was 230 employees in Iran ministry of cooperatives, labour and social welfare. Three researchers’ made questionnaires, includes 36-item reaction scale, 45-item knowledge scale and 34-item attitude scale were used for gathering data. Data were analyzed by one-sample t test, independent t test, One-way Anova,  post hoc(Scheffe) test, and Friedman test for priority setting. The findings showed that the participants' knowledge and attitude in pre-test were increased in comparison to the post-test. At the reaction level, the findings showed that the programs are desirable for the objectives, teacher, and evaluation and are approximately desirable for the content and implementation. According to participants’ perceptions, among all the courses, life skills for drug prevention, basics for drugs, and side-effects of drugs and the consequences are highly considered. Moreover, the courses should be underlining with greater quality.

Arefeh Hamideh Moghadam, Abbas Abolghasemi, Seyyed Mousa Kafie Masouleh, Marjan Mahdavi-Roshan,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (5-2021)

This study investigated the comparison of abuse experiences and mindful eating in women with high body mass index with and without binge eating disorder and women with normal weight. This study was descriptive with comparative design. The study population consisted of women referring to two nutrition counseling centers in Rasht in 1400. The sample consisted of 179 women who were selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected using Stice's Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (2000), Bernstein's Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (2003), and Framson's Mindful Eating Questionnaire (2009). Results of univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance showed that the abuse experiences in overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder were higher than overweight and obese women without the disorder and in both groups were more than normal weight women. Women in the binge eating group had lower scores in mindful eating than women without the disorder, and both groups had lower scores than normal-weight women, even when controlling for age. According to the findings, abuse experiences and mindful eating have important role in the pathology of obesity, overweight and binge eating disorder. Designing educational/therapeutic programs aimed at reducing the psychological consequences of abuse and teaching mindful eating techniques can be helpful.

Dr Leila Akrami, Dr Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Dr Sedigheh Agharar,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (5-2021)

The aim of this study was to investigate psychometric properties of Child Sexual Abuse and Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria questionnaire in adolescents with mild intellectually disabled and with normal intelligence in Yazd. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The statistical population consisted of all boys and girls with mild intellectually disabled and with normal intelligence from public schools in the city of Yazd, Iran. Using multistage cluster sampling, 300 girls and boys aged 12-18 years who were selected. The tools were GIDYQ–AA and QCSA questionnaire. According to the results obtained, all correlation coefficients of the GIDYQ–AA and QCSA Questionnaire with the total score and subscales were significant for both groups (p<0.01). Cronbach's alpha coefficients calculated for the whole scale of sexual identity for intellectually disabled adolescents, 0.91, with normal IQ, 0.93 and its subscales and Cronbach's alpha coefficient in relation to the total scale of sexual abuse for intellectually disabled adolescent, 0.94, with normal IQ adolescent, 0.85 and its components separately, show the internal consistency of both questionnaires. Overall, the results showed that the scales of Child Sexual Abuse and Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria questionnaire has a desirable and appropriate validity, reliability and it can be used for mild intellectually disabled and normal intelligence teenagers.

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