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Showing 5 results for Coping Styles

Shahram. Mohamadkhani, M.n. Farahani,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (3-2009)

This study aimed at investigating the role of demographic variables and coping styles in predicting the quality of life in teachers of Tehran. Research participants included 500 teachers of Tehran schools with an average age of 41.1 and a standard deviation of 7.3, who were selected through random cluster sampling. World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire, coping with stressful situations scale and demographic questionnaire were used for collecting the data. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the male and female teachers in terms of the quality of life female teachers were more satisfied with their quality of life there was no significant relationship between the teachers’ age and the quality of life. Furthermore, the results revealed that the income level and emotion-oriented, problem-oriented, avoidant coping style and educational level of teachers were respectively the strongest predictors of the quality of life. Overall, these variables explained 21% of the variance of quality of life in teachers. These findings showed that the quality of life is a subjective concept which depended on the individual’s appraisal of life and expectations .Therefore, a set of Demographic, social, economic, and psychological factors are related with the quality of life
Ali Beygi, Mohammadnaghi Farahani‎, Shahram Mohammadkhani,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2011)

This study aimed at comparing the quality of life and stress coping styles in narcotic anonymous (NA) and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) members. In this causal-comparative study, 100 men (NA:50 and MMT:50), who aged 20 to 40 years and avoided drug at least 6 months, from Shahrood city,Iran, completed Word Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (QoLWHO) and Endler & parker coping styles inventory. The results showed that mean scores of the interpersonal relationships, physical health, and task-oriented and avoidance-oriented coping styles in NA members was significantly higher in comparison with the mean scores in MMT members. Further, results of the diagonistic analysis showed that the comparative differences in a compound of variables (considering the aspect of signifance, these variables include interpersonal relationships,physical health, task-oriented) would differentiate the two groups significantly. It seems that actively attending in NA may enhance QoL and effective Coping styles
Keivan Kakabaraee‎, Gholam Ali Afrooz, Haidar Ali Hooman, Alireza Moradi,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (3-2012)

The purpose of this study was to compare the mental wellbeing, Coping Styles and perceived social support in parents having more than one exceptional and normal child. In the present study, which is an ex post facto research, 800 parents (400 parents having exceptional children and 400 parents having normal children) were selected by simple random sampling and multi-stage sampling. They completed Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations: Short Form (CISS-SF), multidimensional scale of the Social Support (MSPSS), and the mental wellbeing scales including the satisfaction with the life scale (SWLS) and the positive and negative affect. Data analyzed with the multivariate Analysis of Variance showed that there was a significant difference between these two groups of parents in terms of mental wellbeing. As far as the life satisfaction and positive affect are concerned, the parents having normal children got higher scores in comparison with the parents having normal children. The results also showed that there was a difference between the two groups in terms of the problem-focused and emotion-focused coping styles no difference was seen in terms of the avoidance coping style The results also showed that parents having exceptional children got lower grades in three dimensions of social support(family, friends and others) in comparison with the parents having normal children. According to the findings of the study, having an exceptional child , especially having more than one, would  affect the psychological health of the family and the immediate relatives.
S, Hosseini, M. N. Farahani, B, Rashidi,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2014)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role and contribution of infertility stress, coping styles with stress, personality traits and social support in the marital adjustment of infertile women. In this study,causal comparative or "exposit facto" research ‎method was used. Population of the study included 201 women who were selected through availability sampling method from those visiting VALI-e-ASR Reproductive Health Research Center. Research tools of the study included the Gadroon's Big Five Factor, The Fertility Problem Inventory, Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. In order to analyze the data, Pearson Correlation and Stepwise Regression analysis were used. The results indicated that there were significant relationships between the variables of this study. It was also revealed that social concern, important others, extroversion, emotional coping style, need for parenthood and sexual concern were suitable predictors of the marital adjustment. In sum, the results of the study put an emphasis on the importance of the psychological-Social factors in marital adjustment. 
Dr Shaghayegh Modaberi, Dr Hasan Pourrazi, Mrs Rahele Kabiri,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (12-2021)

Aim: Quarantine is a condition that many societies forced for controlling the COVID pandemic. Quarantine threatens many mental and physical health aspects of human beings. Physical activity play a main role in improving health and quality of life. The current study was assessing the eating disorder and coping strategies in active and inactive people duringCOVID-19lockdown. Method: The present study was done by three online questionnaires was included: physical activity (16 questions), coping styles (48 questions), and eating attitude(26 questions) questionnaires, and these questionnaires completed by anybody who was > 18 years old in Iran in summer of 2020. Questionnaires included demographic information and main questions that were completed by 705 persons. Results: results showed that there was a positive significant relationship between physical activity and eating disorder attitude (p= 0.04), especially in active females(p= 0.0001). In order to, results identified there was a negative significant relationship between eating disorder attitude and coping strategies in active(p= 0.02) and inactive (p= 0.03)males. Conclusion: according to the findings of this study, the eating disorder attitude has increased in active females and they preferred to follow the problem-focused style for coping with crisis conditions. Furthermore, active males had showed more likely for eating disorder.

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