جلد 8، شماره 42 - ( بهار و تابستان 1400 )                   شماره 42 صفحات 32-1 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khanipour H, Yaghmaeeyan H, chizari H, Hossaini S. Sex education programs for children and adolescents: A Systematic Review. Journal title 2021; 8 (42) : 1
URL: http://erj.khu.ac.ir/article-1-791-fa.html
خانی‌پور حمید، یغماییان هومن، چیذری هانیه، حسینی سمانه. برنامه‌های تربیت جنسی کودکان و نوجوانان:‌ مرور نظامند. عنوان نشریه. 1400; 8 (42) :1-32

URL: http://erj.khu.ac.ir/article-1-791-fa.html

دانشگاه خوارزمی
چکیده:   (10207 مشاهده)
تربیت جنسی یکی از جنبه‌های مهم تربیت است که در کشور ایران مغفول مانده است. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش مرور نظامند، سه سوال درباره تعریف و مفهوم‌سازی تربیت جنسی در دنیا، سرفصل‌های و مهارت‌های تربیت جنسی و اثرات این برنامه‌ها بررسی شد. روش مطالعه از نوع مرور نظام‌مند بود. یافته‌ها نشان میدهد برنامه‌‌های تربیت جنسی طیف گسترده‌ای از آموزش‌های شیوه‌های محافظت جنسی از خود تا آموزش شیوه‌های اخلاقی سلامت جنسی قرار می‌گیرد. تعریف‌های اولیه از تربیت جنسی عام و رفتاری است ولی هر چه به جلو می‌رویم، تعریف‌ها ماهیت فرهنگ وابسته‌تر پیدا کرده‌اند. اثربخشی برنامه‌های تربیت جنسی در کاهش مشکلاتی مثل بارداری ناخواسته و محافظت از آزاردیدگی جنسی موثر است. اتخاذ رویکرد جامع‌نگر به تربیت جنسی که به معنای استفاده از روش‌های مداخله مهارت‌آموزی روانشناختی و همراه‌کردن والدین و اولیای مدرسه است در تحقق برنامه‌های تربیت جنسی موثر است. بهتر است برای تضمین اثربخشی برنامه‌های تربیت جنسی، هر برنامه با توجه به جنبه‌های فردی و فرهنگی مخاطبان تعدیل شود تا اثربخشی برنامه بر روی سلامت جنسی تضمین شود.
شماره‌ی مقاله: 1
متن کامل [PDF 622 kb]   (3281 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مقاله پژوهشی | موضوع مقاله: روانشناسی تربیتی
دریافت: 1398/12/20 | پذیرش: 1399/11/9 | انتشار: 1399/11/9

فهرست منابع
1. Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
2. Apfelbacher, C., Deimling, E., Wulfhorst, B., Adler, F., Diepgen, T., Linder, D., & Reinmann, G. (2010). Is story-based blended learning a promising avenue for skin and sexual health education? Results from the PAEDIMED project. Acta dermato-venereologica, 90, 2, 152- 158. [DOI:10.2340/00015555-0816]
3. Arnab, S., Brown, K., Clarke, S., Dunwell, I., Lim, T., Suttie, N., & De Freitas, S. (2013). The development approach of a pedagogically-driven serious game to support Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) within a classroom setting. Computers & Education, 69, 15-30. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2013.06.013]
4. Astle, S., McAllister, P., Emanuels, S., Rogers, J., Toews, M., & Yazedjian, A. (2021). College students' suggestions for improving sex education in schools beyond 'blah blah blah condoms and STDs'. Sex Education, 21(1), 91-105. [DOI:10.1080/14681811.2020.1749044]
5. Brissette, I., Wales, K. & O'Connell, M. (2013). Evaluating the wellness school assessment tool for use in public health practice to improve school nutrition and physical education policies in New York. Journal of school health, 83, 11, 757- 762. [DOI:10.1111/josh.12091]
6. Blumberg EJ, Chadwick MW, Fogarty LA, Speth TW, Chadwick DL. (1991). The touch discrimination component of sexual abuse prevention training: unanticipated positive consequences. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 6(1): 12-28. [DOI:10.1177/088626091006001002]
7. Caminis, A., Henrich, C., Ruchkin, V., Schwab-Stone, M. & Martin, A. (2007). Psychosocial predictors of sexual initiation and high-risk sexual behaviors in early adolescence. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 1, 14. [DOI:10.1186/1753-2000-1-14]
8. Chen YI, Fortson BL, Tseng KW. (2012). Pilot evaluation of a sexual abuse prevention program for Taiwanese children.Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 21(6):621-45. [DOI:10.1080/10538712.2012.726699]
9. Crowley KJ. (1989). Evaluation of Good Touches/Bad Touches: A Program to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse in School Age Children [Psy.D. thesis]. New York, United States: Pace University.
10. Daigneault I, Hébert M, McDuff P, Frappier JY. (2012). Evaluation of a sexual abuse prevention workshop in a multicultural impoverished urban area. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 21(5):521-42. [DOI:10.1080/10538712.2012.703291]
11. Eisenberg, M., Bernat, D., Bearinger, L., & Resnick, M. (2008). Support for comprehensive sexuality education: Perspectives from parents of school-age youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42, 352-359. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.019]
12. Elia, J. P. (2000). Democratic sexuality education: A departure from sexual ideologies and traditional schooling. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 25, 2/3, 122-129. [DOI:10.1080/01614576.2000.11074339]
13. Esere, M. O. (2008). Effect of Sex Education Programme on at-risk sexual behavior of school-going adolescents in Ilorin, Nigeria. Afr Health Sci, 8, 2, 120-125.
14. Fryer Jr GE, Kraizer SK, Miyoshi T.) 1987. (Measuring actual reduction of risk to child abuse: a new approach. Child Abuse & Neglect; 11(2):173-9. [DOI:10.1016/0145-2134(87)90055-X]
15. Flandreau-West (1984(. Flandreau-West P. Protective Behaviors: Anti-Victim Training for Children, Adolescents and Adults. Madison, WI: Protective Behaviors Inc., 1984.
16. Goldfarb, E. S., & Lieberman, L. D. (2020). Three decades of research: The case for comprehensive sex education. Journal of Adolescent Health. 68 (1), 13-27. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.07.036]
17. Grendel MA. (1991). Cognitive and Emotional Effects of a Brief Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program for First Graders [PhD thesis]. Ohio, United States: University of Cincinnati.
18. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Bouris, A., Jaccard, J., Gonzalez, B., McCoy, W., & Aranda, D. (2011). A parent-based intervention to reduce sexual risk behavior in early adolescence: Building alliances between physicians, social workers, and parents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48, 159-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.06.007]
19. Hilton, G.L.S. (2007). Listening to the boys again: An exploration of what boys want to learn in sex education classes and how they want to be taught. Sex Education, 7, 161-174. [DOI:10.1080/14681810701264508]
20. Irwin, S. (2008) 'Data analysis and interpretation: emergent issues in linking qualitative and quantitative evidence', in Hesse-Biber, S N and Leavy, P (eds) Handbook of Emergent Methods, New York: Guilford.
21. Ito, K., Kalyanaraman, S., Ford, C., Brown, J., & Miller, W. (2008). "Let's talk about sex": Pilot study of an interactive CD-ROM to prevent HIV/STIs in female adolescents. AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 20, 1, 78-89. [DOI:10.1521/aeap.2008.20.1.78]
22. Johnson, A. M., Mercer, C. H., Erens, B., Copas, A. J., McManus, S., Wellings, K. & et al. (2001). Sexual behavior in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviors. The Lancet, 358, 9296, 1835-1842. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)06883-0]
23. Johnson, B. T., Carey, M. P., Marsh, K. L., Levin, K. D., & Scott-Sheldon, L. (2003). Interventions to reduce sexual risk for the human immunodeficiency virus in adolescents, 1985-2000. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157, 4, 381-388. [DOI:10.1001/archpedi.157.4.381]
24. Jones, T. (2009). Framing the framework: Discourses in Australia's national values education policy. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, 8, 1, 35-57. [DOI:10.1007/s10671-008-9058-x]
25. Jones T. (2011) A Sexuality Education Discourses Framework: Conservative, Liberal, Critical, and Postmodern, American Journal of Sexuality Education, 6, 2, 133-175. [DOI:10.1080/15546128.2011.571935]
26. Jones, C. L., Jensen, R. E., Selzer King, A. (2014). Future Sex Educator Perceptions of Rural Versus Urban Instruction: A Case for Community-Centered Sexual Health Education. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 9, 4, 464-484. [DOI:10.1080/15546128.2014.976299]
27. Katherine L. Grasso & Lauren A. Trumbull (2021) "Hey, Have You Been Tested?" The Influence of Comprehensive or Abstinence-Only Sexuality Education on Safer Sex Communication and Behavior, American Journal of Sexuality Education, 16:2, 257-281 [DOI:10.1080/15546128.2021.1880512]
28. Kaufman, C., Whitesell, N., Keane, E., Desserich, J., Giago, C., Sam, A., & Mitchell, C. (2014). Effectiveness of Circle of Life, an HIV-preventive intervention for American Indian middle school youths: a group randomized trial in a Northern Plains tribe. Am J Public Health. 104, 6, 106-112. [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301822]
29. Kingsley, N., Kobina I, A, Maxwell, A. & Linda Dede, A. (2014). Parental Attitude towards Sex Education at the Lower Primary in Ghana. International Journal of Elementary Education, 3, 2, 21-29. [DOI:10.11648/j.ijeedu.20140302.11]
30. Kirby, D. (2007). Emerging Answers: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
31. Kirby, D. (2008). The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 5, 18-27. [DOI:10.1525/srsp.2008.5.3.18]
32. Kirby, D., with Coyle, K., Alton, F., Rolleri, L., & Robin, L. (2011). Reducing Adolescent Sexual Risk: A Theoretical Guide for Developing and Adapting Curriculum-Based Programs. Scotts Valley, CA: ETR Associates.
33. Kolko DJ, Moser JT, and Hughes J. (1989). Classroom training in sexual victimization awareness and prevention skills: an extension of the Red Flag/Green Flag people program. Journal of Family Violence. 4(1):25-45. [DOI:10.1007/BF00985655]
34. Krahé B, Knappert L. (2009). A group-randomized evaluation of a theatre-based sexual abuse prevention programme for primary school children in Germany. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology. 19(4):321-9. [DOI:10.1002/casp.1009]
35. Manoel, E. S., Modelli, A., Malthus Fonseca Galva, O. A. & Riccardo Pratesi, B. (2012). Child sexual abuse. Forensic Science International 217. [DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.08.006]
36. Martin, J., Riazi, H., Firoozi, A., & Nasiri, M. (2020). A sex education program for teachers of preschool children: a quasi-experimental study in Iran. BMC public health, 20, 1-9. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-020-08826-y]
37. Mellanby, A. helps, F. & Tripp, J. (1992). "Sex education: more is not enough". Journal of Adolescence, 15, 4, 446-449. [DOI:10.1016/0140-1971(92)90074-F]
38. Merghati-Khoei, E., Whelan, A., & Cohen, J. (2008). Sharing beliefs: What sexuality means to Muslim Iranian women living in Australia. Culture, Health, and Sexuality, 10, 237-248. [DOI:10.1080/13691050701740039]
39. Merghati khoie E, Abolghasemi N, Taghdisi M. (2013). Child sexual health: qualitative study, explaining the views of parents. Scientific Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 11, 2, 65-74.
40. Merghati-Khoei, E., Abolghasemi, N. & Smith, T. G. (2014). "Children are sexually innocent": Iranian parents' understanding of children's sexuality. Archive of Sexual Behavior, 43, 3, 587-95. [DOI:10.1007/s10508-013-0218-6]
41. Miller-Perrin 1990. Miller-Perrin CL, Wurtele SK, Kondrick PA. Sexually abused and nonabused children's conceptions of personal body safety. Child Abuse & Neglect. 14(1):99-112. [DOI:10.1016/0145-2134(90)90085-8]
42. Meiksin, R., Campbell, R., Crichton, J., Morgan, G. S., Williams, P., Willmott, M., & Bonell, C. (2020). Implementing a whole-school relationships and sex education intervention to prevent dating and relationship violence: evidence from a pilot trial in English secondary schools. Sex Education, 20(6), 658-674. [DOI:10.1080/14681811.2020.1729718]
43. Miller, L. & Gur, M. (2002). Religiousness and sexual responsibility in adolescent girls. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 5, 401-406. [DOI:10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00403-2]
44. Mmari, K., Kalamar, A. M., Brahmbhatt, H. & Venables, E. (2016). The Influence of the Family on Adolescent Sexual Experience: A Comparison between Baltimore and Johannesburg. PLoS ONE 11(11): e0166032. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0166032]
45. NCMEC 1999. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Guidelines for programs to reduce child victimization: a resource for communities when choosing a program to teach personal safety to children. www.safechild.org/PDF/ Guidelines%20for%20Chid%20Safety.pdf (accessed 15 October 2013).
46. Ogden, J. (1996). Health Psychology: A Textbook. Open University Press, Buckingham.
47. Orgocka, A. (2004). Perceptions of communication and education about sexuality among Muslim immigrant girls in the US. Sex Education, 4, 255-271. [DOI:10.1080/1468181042000243349]
48. Peskin, M., Shegog, R., Markham, C., Thiel, M., Baumler, E., Addy, R., Gabay, E., & Emery, S. (2015). Efficacy of it's your game-tech: A computer-based sexual health education program for middle school youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, 515-521. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.01.001]
49. Ponzetti, J. J. (2016). Evidence-based Approaches to Sexuality Education A Global Perspective. New York; Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9781315755250]
50. Potter, J., Soren, K., Santelli, J. (2017). Predictors of parental knowledge of adolescent sexual experience: United States, 2012. Preventive Medicine Reports, 6, 94-96. [DOI:10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.02.020]
51. Prochaska, J.O. & DiClemente, C. C. (1999). Comments, Criteria and Creating Better Models. In W.R. Miller and N. Heath (Eds.), Treating Addictive Behaviors (2nd Edition). New York and London: Plenum Press. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4899-1934-2_3]
52. Rahnama, A., Elieen, H. & Mohammadi, H. (2007). Principles of Sexual Education in Islam. Training & Learning Researches, 1, 24, 97-110.
53. Refaei Shirpak, K., Eftekhar Ardebili, H., Mohammad, K., Maticka-Tyndale, E., Chinichian, M., Ramezankhani, A. & et al. (2007). Developing and testing a sex education program for the female clients of health centers in Iran. Sex Education, 7, 4, 333-349. [DOI:10.1080/14681810701636044]
54. Robin, L., Dittus, P., Whitaker, D., Crosby, R., Ethier, K., Mezoff, J. & Pappas-Deluca, K. (2004). Behavioral interventions to reduce incidence of HIV, STD, and pregnancy among adolescents: A decade in review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 1, 3-26. [DOI:10.1016/S1054-139X(03)00244-1]
55. Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Gwadz, M., Fernandez, M. I., & Srinivasan, S. (1998). Timing of HIV interventions on reductions in sexual risk among adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26, 73-96. [DOI:10.1023/A:1021834224454]
56. Rui Su, Lingfeng Guo, Honghong Tang, Peixia Ye, Shen Zhang, Yao Xiao, Wenli Liu & Chao Liu (2020) Comprehensive sexuality education weakens the effect of in-group bias on trust and fairness, Sex Education, 20:1, 33-45 [DOI:10.1080/14681811.2019.1610373]
57. Satcher, D. (2001).The Surgeon General's call to action to promote sexual health and responsible sexual behavior. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. [DOI:10.1080/19325037.2001.10603498]
58. Snyder CM. (1986). An Evaluation of the "Good Secrets, Bad Secrets" Assault Prevention Program [PhD thesis]. California, United States: International University.
59. Sobhaninezhad, M., Homaei, R. & Eliein, R. (2007). Analytical study of sexual training style of families in tehran province. Counseling Research and Development, 21, 6, 27-48.
60. Turner, G., & Shepherd, J. (1999). A method in search of a theory: Peer education and health promotion. Health Education Research, 14, 235-247. [DOI:10.1093/her/14.2.235]
61. Turnbull, T., van Wersch, A. & van Schaik, P. (2008). A review of parental involvement in sex education: The role for effective communication in British families. Health Education Journal, 67, 3, 182-195. [DOI:10.1177/0017896908094636]
62. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2009). International technical guidance on sexuality education, Volume II: Topics and learning objectives. Paris, France: UNESCO.
63. Wurtele 1986a. Wurtele SK. Teaching Young Children Personal Body Safety: The Behavioral Skills Training Program. Colorado Springs, CO: Wurtele, SK.
64. Wurtele 2007 Wurtele SK. Body Safety Training Workbook. Colorado Springs, CO: Sandy K Wurtele.
65. Wurtele 2010. Wurtele S, Kenny MC. Primary prevention of child sexual abuse: child- and parent-focused approaches. The Prevention of Sexual Violence: A Practitioner's Sourcebook. olyoake, MA: NEARI Press, 2010:107-19.
66. Walsh K, Zwi K, Woolfenden S, Shlonsky A. (2018). School-Based Education Programs for the Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse: A Cochrane Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Research on Social Work Practice. 28(1):33-55 [DOI:10.1177/1049731515619705]
67. World Health Organization. (2003). Sexual health. www.who.int/reproductive-health/gender/sexualhealth.html.
68. World Health Organization. (2004). Adolescent pregnancy report. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
69. World Health Organization. (2006). Defining sexual health. Report of a technical consultation on sexual health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول

بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به نشریه پژوهش‌های تربیتی می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 |

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb