Volume 6, Issue 3 (10-2019)                   Human Information Interaction 2019, 6(3): 101-116 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahimi S. Investigating Public and Academic Librarians' Knowledge Activities of Kermanshah in Terms of Individual and Organizational Dimensions. Human Information Interaction 2019; 6 (3)
URL: http://hii.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2880-en.html
Razi University
Abstract:   (2791 Views)
Background and Aim: Bearing in mind the importance of knowledge activities, the purpose of this study is to determine the status of knowledge activities in individual and organizational dimensions amongst academic and public librarians in Kermanshah province.    
Methods: Survey method is applied. Data  was collected by  Huang questionnaire, which was distributed among the 170 librarians selected as sample. Sample size was determined by Cochran's formula.   Data was analyzed by  descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: Findings Showed that the highest average of knowledge activities in individual dimensions is correlated to the component of knowledge absorption and the lowest is related to knowledge diffusion and in organizational dimensions. Also,  the highest average is related to the component of knowledge integration and the lowest is tied in the component of knowledge breadth. There was no significant difference between public and academic librarians (except for knowledge barriers) in comparing the status of knowledge activities in individual and organizational dimensions. The average score of the studied librarians regarding the status of knowledge activities in organizational dimensions is significantly higher than knowledge activities in individual dimensions. The status of knowledge activities in individual and organizational dimensions in public and academic libraries is at a desirable level.
Conclusion: Due to the low average of knowledge obstacles and knowledge breadth in comparison with other components, it is urgent that library managers hold seminars and conferences and encourage the librarians to take part in those programs and help them share their ideas and thoughts. The managers should also organize educational programs with the help of experienced librarians that help the novice librarians in regard with knowledge acquisition, job responsibilities, educational resources and library databases.
Full-Text [PDF 743 kb]   (663 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Abdi, M.A. & Safaei, S. (2015). Providing a model for creating and establishing a knowledge
2. management system in the country's tax affairs organization. Tax Research Journal. 21(69), 135-158. (In persian)
3. Alhammad, F., Al Faori S. & Abu Husan L.S. (2009). Knowledge Sharing In The Jordanian Universities. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice 2009; 10(3).
4. Barcelo-Valenzuela M., Carrillo-Villafana P. S., Perez-Soltero A. & Sanchez-Schmitz G. (2016). A framework to acquire explicit knowledge stored on different versions of software. Information and Software Technology. 70, 40-48 [DOI:10.1016/j.infsof.2015.09.007]
5. Barthlet, C. A. (2016). Top management incentive compensation and knowledge sharing in multinational corporations. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smj.712/full
6. Bhatt, G. (2001). knowledge management in organizations: examining the interaction between technologies, techniques and people.Journal o Knowledge Management, 5(1), 68-75. [DOI:10.1108/13673270110384419]
7. Davenport, T & Prosak, L. (2000). Knowledge management. Translated by Hossein Rahman Seresht, Tehran: Auto parts Supplying, Engineering & Designing (SAPCO). (In persian)
8. Dayan, R., Heisig, P., & Matos, F. (2017). Knowledge management as a factor for the formulation and implementation of organization strategy. Journal of Knowledge Management, 21(2), 308-329. [DOI:10.1108/JKM-02-2016-0068]
9. Drucker, P. F. (1959). The landmarks of tomorrow. NY: Harper & Row.
10. Hadjipavlis, A. (2012). Knowledge sharing amongst librarians in Cypriot libraries. retrieved from (17 Aug. 2018)
11. Hosseinzadeh A, Shabani A& Siyadat S.A. (2012). Evaluation of knowledge management application among library staff under the auspices of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences based on Hisig model. Information systems and services. 1(1), 13-24 (In persian)
12. Huang, Y .H.(2014). Measuring Individual and Organizational KnowledgeActivities in Academic Libraries with Multilevel Analysis. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 40, 436-446. [DOI:10.1016/j.acalib.2014.06.010]
13. Huang, Y. H., Li, E. Y., & Chen, J. S. (2009). Information synergy as the catalyst between information technology capability and innovativeness: Empirical evidence from the Y.-H. Huang / The Journal of Academic Librarianship 40 (2014) 436-446 445 financial service sector. Information Research, 14 [DOI:10.1016/j.acalib.2014.06.010]
14. (1) (paper 394. [Available at http:// InformationR.net/ir/14-1/paper394.html from 9 February, 2009]).
15. Khatamianfar, P &Parirokh, M. (2009). Investigating the incentives and barriers of knowledge sharing in Libraries, Museums and Documents Center of Astan Qods. Library and Information Sciences, 12(1), 223-246. (In persian)
16. Kayes, D. C., Kayes, A. B., & Yamazaki, Y. (2005). Essential competencies for cross-culture knowledge absorption. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20(7), 578-589. [DOI:10.1108/02683940510623399]
17. Lai, M. F. & Lee, G. G. (2007). Relationships of organizational culture toward knowledge activities. Business Process Management Journal, 13(2), 306-322. [DOI:10.1108/14637150710740518]
18. Lin, H. F. (2007). Knowledge sharing and firm innovation capability: an empirical study. International Journal of manpower, 28(3/4), 315-332. [DOI:10.1108/01437720710755272]
19. Lin, C., Yen, D. C., & Tarn, D.D. C. (2007). An industry-level knowledge management model: A study of information-related industry in Taiwan. Information & Management, 44, 22-39. [DOI:10.1016/j.im.2006.09.006]
20. Mahmoudi H, Dayani M.H. & Parirokh M. (2014). Analytical Study of Knowledge Management In Academic Libraries (Case Study: Libraries of Ferdowsi University and Medical University of Mashhad). 3(2), 91-112. (In persian)
21. Mirghfouri, H & Sadeghieh Arani, Z. (2010) . Evaluating the efficiency of libraries in applying knowledge management and innovation to improve the quality of services using a two-stage DEA model: A case study of public and academic libraries in Yazd. Library and Information Sciences. 13(1), 175-203. (In persian)
22. Mozafari L, Jowkar T. (2020). Tacit Knowledge Sharing among Public Librarians: Case of Fars Province. Research on Information Science & Public Libraries. 26(1), 17-43. (In persian)
23. Onifade, F. N. (2015). Knowledge Sharing among Librarians in Federal University Libraries in Nigeria. Information and Knowledge Management, 5 (3), 91- 97.
24. Parirokh M. (2003). Knowledge management a tool to create transformation in library. Journal of National Studies on Librarianship and Information Organization.14(4), 112-126. (In persian)
25. Rogers, E.W. (2000). Cooperative knowledge behavior in high tech organizations: Examining the relationship between employee perceptions of the employment game, cooperative knowledge and firm performance. Unpublished dissertation, Cornell University, N.Y.
26. Salami M, Saadat Alijani A. (2017). Knowledge sharing Network analysis and its relationship with the experience and education of librarians at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. iranian journal information processing and management. 32 (2) :421-438. (In persian)
27. Salami, M. Rudi, G.A. & Nobahar, N. (2015). Realization of knowledge management University Librarianmedical sciences of Mazandaran province based on Hissing model (A comparative approach). International Conference on Management and Economics in the 21st Century. (In persian)
28. Schulz, M. (2001). The uncertain relevance of newness: Organizational learning and knowledge flows. Academy of Management Journal, 44(4), 661-681, http://dx.doi. org/10.2307/3069409. [DOI:10.5465/3069409]
29. Sedighi, M., Van Splunter, S., Zand, F., & Brazier, F. (2017). Evaluating critical success factors model of knowledge management: An analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach. In Organizational Culture and Behavior: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 308-326). IGI Global. [DOI:10.4018/978-1-5225-1913-3.ch015]
30. Singh, J. (2005). Collaborative networks as determinants of knowledge diffusion patterns. Management Science, 51(5), 756-777. [DOI:10.1287/mnsc.1040.0349]
31. Smits, M. T. & De Moor, A. R. E. M. (2004). Measuring Knowledge Management Effectivenessin Communities of Practice. In: Proceeding of HICSS-37 January 5-8, Hawaii. [DOI:10.1109/HICSS.2004.1265570]
32. Spender, J. C. (2008). Diffusion of knowledge. In W. A. Darity (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social sciences, Vol. 4. (pp. 281-282). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale (Retrieved May 11, 2014 from http://www.jcspender.com/uploads/Knowledge_ Diffusion_v1.pdf).
33. Tarn, D.D. C., Liu, T. L., & Su, C. H. (2003). The impact of strategic knowledge management on its knowledge performance: A cross-industry comparative study. Tunghi Management Review, 6(1), 175-210 (in Chinese).
34. Tarn, D.D. C., & Wang, J. F. (2001). Eight dimensions of indicators for measuring knowledge per-formance. Accounting Research, 185, 68-73 (in Chinese).
35. Vashishta, R., Kumar,R.& Chandra,A.(2010). Barriers and facilitators to knowledge management: evidances from selected Indian universities. The IUP Journal of KnowledgeManagement, 8 (4), 7-24.
36. zandian F, zadvali L. (2019). A Study of the impact of Knowledge Management Infrastructures and Dimensions of Improvement of Managers' Decision-making on the Knowledge management status in the Iran Public Libraries Foundation. Research on Information Science & Public Libraries. 25 (2) :319-348. (In persian)
37. Zawawi, A. A., Zakaria, Z., Kamarunzaman, N. Z., Noordin, N., Sawal, M. Z. H. M., Junos, N. M., & Najid, N. S. A. (2011). The study of barrier factors in knowledge sharing: A case study in public university. Management Science and Engineering, 5(1), 59

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Human Information Interaction

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb