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Leila Khalili,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (4-2015)

Background and Aim: University students due to having better media literacy are among the groups that use social networks more. Aim of this research was to study the use of social networks by university students based on demographic and educational variables.

Method: This quantitative applied research utilized survey design. Data collection instrument was a questionnaire developed by the investigator. Validity of questionnaire was evaluated by expert colleagues and samples of respondents. Reliability of tool was tested by Spilt Half reliability. Population of the study was 4524 undergraduate students of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University. The sample size was 393 students. Descriptive statistics (percent, frequency and mean) and inferential nonparametric statistics (Spearman,Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis) was used in order to analysis data. SPSS17 was used to analysis the data and Excel was used to draw the charts.

Results: Majority of the students used social networks. Viber and Line was the most preferred social networks. Daily average use of social networks was 140 minutes. The most important reason of using social networks was fun. Friends of respondents in social networks were mostly the face to face visited individuals. Hand-phone was the important medium used in social networks. According to the majority of students validity of information in social networks was not valid. There was significant correlation between proportion of social network use and Grade Point Average (GPA), number of friends in social networks and features of information in social networks. There was significant difference in use of social networks between students of four studied domains.

Conclusion: Usage of social networks is usual among university students. Students almost used social networks as a medium for fun and communication. The students with higher GPA used social networks fewer.

Leila Khalili, Aziz Hedayati Khoshemehr, Samad Rasoulzadeh Aghdam, Behnaz Sheibany,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (9-2017)

Background and Aim: Information literacy is a key element in the development of an independent and effective learning in higher education in the 21st century. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between information literacy and learning motivation in undergraduate students. In addition, the mean score of information literacy was measured based on educational and demographic variables.
Methods: This applied research carried out with a quantitative approach and survey method. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire. The study population was undergraduate students at Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University and 379 samples were selected using stratified random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics analyses (Pearson correlation, independent T and ANOVA) were performed using SPSS software.
Results: Students' information literacy based on five standards was 2.48. Based on the findings of the Pearson correlation coefficient with 99 percent confident there was positive and significant relationship between information literacy and learning motivation. In addition there was positive and significant relationship between information literacy and Grade Point Average (GPA)  of students with 99 percent confident. Based on independent T-test was not observed a significant difference in male and female students' information literacy. ANOVA test showed a significant difference with 99 percent confident between information literacy and entrance year of students. Based on ANOVA test there was no significant differences on students' information literacy based on field of study.
Conclusion: Students' information literacy unsatisfactory. Information literacy had a positive relationship with learning motivation. Also there was a positive relationship between information literacy and academic performance (GPA). Information literacy of senior students was more than freshmen. Information literacy of students in four areas of study (Humanities, Engineering, Agriculture and Science) was almost similar.

Saiede Khalilian, Ahmad Shabani,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2020)

Background and Aim: Information seeking behavior arises when one feels a void in his/her knowledge which inspires one to acquire new information. The central point in explaining behavior is the fact that many features influence its occurrence, and emotions are considered to be a major element involved in human information behavior.  Also, Information seeking is a positive and negative emotional experience. The aim was to survey the role of emotions in information behavior.
Method:  Library research method was applied to study theoretical foundations and conceptual relationships of emotions in relation to information needs and related concepts. 
Results: By conceptual studies of the models process of information retrieval behavior of Kuhlthau and Nahl, it was found that emotional factors are very important in information retrieval and information-seeking behavior, which is influenced by negative (uncertainty, fear, anger) and positive emotions (happy, confident, satisfied).  Negative emotions increase at the beginning and over time and in the process of searching for information, decreases, while positive emotions intensifies.  Also,  these results indicate that positive emotions may help individuals acquire information to resolve an existing problem, whereas negative emotions may aid individuals acquire information when there is no apparent problem.
Conclusion:   In order to solve information need and to attain appropriate   desirable feedback, it is necessary that emotions be well identified and understood by both the user and the information systems, so  they could be better controlled.
Nazanin Kashefiyeh, Leila Khalili, Abulfzal Ghasemzadeh Alishahi,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (5-2022)

Purpose: Sharing research data leads to the reusing that data. The purpose   is to describe the status of sharing and reusing research data amongst researchers. This examines the attitude, experience and barriers in reusing research data.
Methodology: Applied quantitative survey method was used. Population  was 154 participants all faculty members of Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University. Instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire which face and content validity was approved by experts. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined via Cronbach's alpha and an appropriate value of 0.774 was gained. Descriptive statistics were used by SPSS software.
Findings: Attitude of researchers towards the reusing research data with an average of 3.29 was in a relatively favorable situation. The experience of reusing research data with an average of 2.22 was not at the desired level. The average scores of legal, individual and organizational barriers were 3.45, 3.18 and 3.15, respectively. Female researchers had not as much of data sharing experience than men. The average of attitude and experience in sharing and reusing research data for agricultural researchers was significantly lower than other groups. The average of attitude for older researchers was somewhat more than that of other groups.
Conclusion: Despite the relatively favorable attitude of researchers to reuse research data, it was not at the desired level in terms of experience. Legal, individual and organizational barriers were effective barriers in research data reuse.

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